Using Sources
The Rights and Wrongs of Citation
When do you have to cite?
Cite:
When it is not YOUR work or thoughts
Which includes:
• When paraphrasing or summarizing anything
• When using direct...
Don’t have to cite:
Your thoughts and interpretations
Your work/images/media creations
Common knowledge
So what is common
knowledge?
Go to the Common Knowledge page of the
LibGuide.
Common Knowledge
It doesn't necessarily mean that most people would know it
offhand. And sometimes it's a judgment call be...
When in doubt,
How do you cite?
Citation Styles
Why are there different citation styles?
Which styles are most common?
What are the differences between th...
Citation Styles
Citation styles provide consistent directions for
formatting your papers and the information
about your so...
MLA
• Modern Language
Association
• Used for humanities –
English, Writing,
Literature, History
APA
• American Psychologic...
So what are the differences
between MLA and APA?
See the examples on the handout provided.
Main Differences
• Order of citation information
• Capitalization
• Punctuation
• Required Information
Similarities
Each style has a manual or handbook
with directions and examples to
follow
Each style requires in-text AND
bi...
In-Text Citation
In-text citation acknowledges the source
at the point of use (source pg#).
If you are using the exact wor...
Summarizing & Paraphrasing
Summarize: takes a broad overview of the
source material and highlights only the most
critical ...
Let’s practice …
Go to the In-Text Citation page of the LibGuide.
Good Tips to Remember
• You want the text/resource to be familiar and fresh in
your mind
• If you are looking directly at ...
Works Cited/ References
The Works Cited or Reference page
acknowledges all sources that were used
within the paper.
Let’s practice …
First, look at the reverse side of the handout
provided. Then go to the Works Cited page of
the LibGuide.
Bring it all together:
Why do we cite?
Cite because …
The original author/creator deserves credit
for his/her work
People are more likely to believe what you
are...
Let’s talk about:
Plagiarism is …
Dictionary: an act or instance of using or closely
imitating the language and thoughts of another
author w...
On college campuses …
Academic Integrity Policy
• Campus definition
• Normally includes info on cheating
and self-plagiari...
Bottom line:
To avoid plagiarizing, you must change
both the sentence structure and the
words of the original text.
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Using sources

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Using sources

  1. 1. Using Sources The Rights and Wrongs of Citation
  2. 2. When do you have to cite?
  3. 3. Cite: When it is not YOUR work or thoughts Which includes: • When paraphrasing or summarizing anything • When using direct "quotes" • When stating someone else's opinions, thoughts, or research • When using an image or work that someone else created (even if you modified it)
  4. 4. Don’t have to cite: Your thoughts and interpretations Your work/images/media creations Common knowledge
  5. 5. So what is common knowledge? Go to the Common Knowledge page of the LibGuide.
  6. 6. Common Knowledge It doesn't necessarily mean that most people would know it offhand. And sometimes it's a judgment call because what seems like common knowledge to one person isn't to another. Here are good rules of thumb: • If you can find the same information in multiple places, stated in relatively the same way, it's common knowledge. • Generally, it is said that you should find the information in at least three to five sources. • If most people are aware of this fact, or if it's general reference, it's common knowledge
  7. 7. When in doubt,
  8. 8. How do you cite?
  9. 9. Citation Styles Why are there different citation styles? Which styles are most common? What are the differences between them?
  10. 10. Citation Styles Citation styles provide consistent directions for formatting your papers and the information about your sources.
  11. 11. MLA • Modern Language Association • Used for humanities – English, Writing, Literature, History APA • American Psychological Association • Used for social sciences – Business, Education, Health Sciences, Psychology, Sociology Two Most Popular Citation Styles:
  12. 12. So what are the differences between MLA and APA? See the examples on the handout provided.
  13. 13. Main Differences • Order of citation information • Capitalization • Punctuation • Required Information
  14. 14. Similarities Each style has a manual or handbook with directions and examples to follow Each style requires in-text AND bibliography citation for every source
  15. 15. In-Text Citation In-text citation acknowledges the source at the point of use (source pg#). If you are using the exact words from a source (direct quoting), these words should be placed in quotation marks.
  16. 16. Summarizing & Paraphrasing Summarize: takes a broad overview of the source material and highlights only the most critical main points Paraphrase: includes important supporting details that pertain directly to the topic of your paper
  17. 17. Let’s practice … Go to the In-Text Citation page of the LibGuide.
  18. 18. Good Tips to Remember • You want the text/resource to be familiar and fresh in your mind • If you are looking directly at the text, you are going to be likely to borrow their exact wording. Set it aside when trying to summarize and paraphrase • Summarizing and paraphrasing still gives you the ability to select what to highlight or include about your text. If five people summarize the same thing, it will be different every time • Anytime you are writing a direct quotation down, put it immediately into quotation marks so you remember that it was taken word for word
  19. 19. Works Cited/ References The Works Cited or Reference page acknowledges all sources that were used within the paper.
  20. 20. Let’s practice … First, look at the reverse side of the handout provided. Then go to the Works Cited page of the LibGuide.
  21. 21. Bring it all together: Why do we cite?
  22. 22. Cite because … The original author/creator deserves credit for his/her work People are more likely to believe what you are saying if you support your claims with research and credible sources Success in college (and real life) requires it
  23. 23. Let’s talk about:
  24. 24. Plagiarism is … Dictionary: an act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorization and the representation of that author's work as one's own, as by not crediting the original author. Source: Plagairism. (n.d.). In Dictionary.com. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/plagiarism
  25. 25. On college campuses … Academic Integrity Policy • Campus definition • Normally includes info on cheating and self-plagiarism • Consequences
  26. 26. Bottom line: To avoid plagiarizing, you must change both the sentence structure and the words of the original text.
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