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News Values

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An overview of th vakues that most 'newsworthy' stories can be said to contain.

An overview of th vakues that most 'newsworthy' stories can be said to contain.

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News Values News Values Presentation Transcript

  • News Values
  • Currency Conflict Bizarreness Proximity Prominence Timeliness Impact News Values
  • Impact
    • The number of people whose lives will be influenced in some way by the subject of the story. For instance, the Asian Tsunami had more impact than a local flood.
  • Timeliness
    • Recent events have higher news value than earlier happenings. Of particular value are stories brought to the public ahead of the competition. These are known as scoops.
  • Prominence
    • For the same occurrence, people in the public eye have higher news value than obscure people. For example, Tom Cruise jumps on a couch because he’s got a new girlfriend and everybody’s interested. A big name basketballer has AIDS, everyone knows a child in Africa has AIDS, nobody cares
  • Proximity
    • Stories about events and situations in one's home community are more newsworthy than events that take place far away. For instance:
    • if 100 people drown in a flood in a faraway country, the story has about the same news value as a story describing how 10 people drowned in Guangzhou. In turn, that 10 person story has about the same news value as a story concerning 1 drowning victim within Hong Kong.
  • Bizarreness
    • The wierdness of an event can make it newsworthy. ‘Dog bites man’ usually is not news, but ‘man bites dog’ is more bizarre.
  • Conflict
    • Strife is newsworthy. The old newspaper adage ‘if it bleeds it leads’ rules. I you think I’m being cynical – what has led news broadcasts for the last 4 years?
  • Currency
    • More value is attributed to stories pertaining to issues or topics that are in the spotlight of public concern rather than to issues or topics about which people care less. Stories come and stories go. For example:
    • In 1997, the death of Princess Diana, the Hong Kong handover, Pathfinder on Mars, cloning, McVeigh and the Oklahoma City bombing, and Big Tobacco money.
    • In 1999, JFK Jr. died in a plane crash, the Clinton impeachment trial, Microsoft monopoly, war over Kosovo, Columbine school shooting, and The Millennium, followed In the 2000s by 9/11 and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
    ?