As a social being, each child wants to BELONG. His BEHAVIOR indicates the ways and means by which he tries to be significant(Dreikurs, Maintaining Sanity in the Classroom, p. 12).
Respects rights of others. Is tolerant of others. Is interested in others. Co-operates with others. Encourages others. Is courageous. Has a true sense of own worth. Has a feeling of belonging. Has socially acceptable goals. Puts forth genuine effort. Willing to share rather than thinking “How much can I get?” “We” rather than “I”
Goal 1: Attention-Getting – Seeks proof of his approvalor status. Will cease when reprimanded or given attention.Goal 2: Power – Similar to destructive attention getting, butmore intense. Wants to be the boss. Reprimand intensifiesmisbehavior.Goal 3: Revenge – Does things to hurt others. Makes selfhated. Retaliates.Goal 4: Display of Inadequacy – Assumes real orimagined deficiency to safeguard oneself. Showshopelessness.
A cooperative person… is free to be concerned with others as friends, neighbors, and classmates rather than as competitors does not waste energy thinking about winning or losing treats everyone with mutual respect has the courage to be imperfect
Teachers should: Commend effort. Separate the deed from the doer. Build on strengths not weaknesses.How is praise different from Avoid discouragement. encouragement? Work for improvement not perfection.
Using logical consequencesin your classroom:1. Evaluate the goal ofmisbehavior.2. Provide interventions basedon the goal.3. Impose a natural or logicalconsequence when rules arebroken or misbehavior occurs.4. Build community in theclassroom by helping studentsconnect to each other and toyou.
Dreikurs, R., and & Cassel, P. (1990). Discipline without tears, 2nd edition. New York, NY: Dutton. Dreikurs, R., Grunwald, B.B., & Pepper, F.C. (1971). Maintaining sanity in the classroom: Illustrated teaching techniques. New York, NY: Harper & Row, Publishers. Hardin, C. J. (2011). Effective classroom management: Models and strategies for today’s classroom, 3rd edition. Retrieved from http://education.ucsb.edu/webdata/instruction/ed395bf/ Management/LP4_Cognitive_Systems_Mangement/Dreikurs.PDF New World Encyclopedia. (2008). Rudolf Dreikurs. Retrieved from http://www.newworld encyclopedia.org/entry/Rudolf_Dreikurs Wikibooks. (2012). Classroom management theorists and theories/Rudolf Dreikurs. Retrieved from http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Classroom_Management_Theorists _and_Theories/ Rudolf_Dreikurs