What Is Dermatitis?<br />Dermatitis:simply means skin inflammation, but it embraces a range of ailments. In most cases the early stages are characterized by red, itchy skin, although acute attacks may result in crusty scales or blisters that ooze fluid. Since many things can irritate the skin, a doctor will try to narrow the diagnosis to a specific category of dermatitis, even though treatment is similar for most types of skin irritation and inflammation.<br />
The categories of dermatitis<br /><ul><li>Contact dermatitis-typically causes the skin to develop a pink or red rash, which usually itches.
Nummular dermatitis-consists of distinctive coin-shaped red plaques that are most commonly seen on the legs, hands, arms, and torso.
Atopic dermatitis, or eczema- causes the skin to itch, scale, swell, and sometimes blister
Seborrheic dermatitis-consists of greasy, yellowish, or reddish scaling on the scalp and other hairy areas, as well as on the face or genitals, and in skin creases along the nose, under the breasts, and elsewhere
Stasis dermatitis-is caused by poor circulation and can happen in people with varicose veins, congestive heart failure, or other conditions.</li></li></ul><li>MELAN/O<br />Meaning: Black<br />
What is melanoma?<br />Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It begins in cells in the skin called melanocytes. To understand melanoma, it is helpful to know about the skin and about melanocytes -- what they do, how they grow, and what happens when they become cancerous.<br />
What are risk factors for melanoma?<br />No one knows the exact causes of melanoma. Doctors can seldom explain why one person gets melanoma and another does not.<br />However, research has shown that people with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop melanoma. A risk factor is anything that increases a person's chance of developing a disease. Still, many who do get this disease have no known risk factors.<br /> Studies have found the following risk factors for melanoma:<br />
Methods of treatment<br />People with melanoma may have surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, or radiation therapy. Patients may have a combination of treatments.<br />