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Jorum: Increasing Access to Institutional e-Learning

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Outline purpose of JORUM project

Outline purpose of JORUM project

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  • 02/15/99 1 Geography Dept Seminar 1998

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  • 1. JORUM: Increasing Access to Institutional e-Learning Adrian Stevenson Digital Resources for the Humanities Conference Tuesday 7th September 2004
  • 2. What does JORUM mean?
    • J ISC O nline R epository for [Learning and Teaching] M aterials
      • Noun: 1. A large drinking bowl. 2. The amount that such a bowl contains
    • Currently research project, started October 2002
    • Paving the way for service to all F/HEIs from August 2005
    • EU Procurement process for repository software now completed and contract awarded to Intrallect
  • 3. JISC’s Exchange for Learning Programme
    • X4L is exploring the re-use and re-purposing of existing content, not just from JISC, but also other sources such as NLN, and NGfL
    • 22 L&T content-producing projects from FE and HE
    • 3 infrastructure projects, JORUM, Reload and TOIA
    • X4L at: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm?name=programme_x4l
    • JORUM at: http://www.jorum.ac.uk
  • 4. More about JORUM
    • Project partners are JISC, EDINA, MIMAS, CETIS, Xtensis e-Learning Ltd and Intrallect Ltd
    • JORUM has two “Areas”:
      • Area A: Pave the way for the JISC’s long-term repository service
      • Area B: Provide test-bed repository systems for content-producing projects in X4L (intraLibrary and Xtensis)
    • Will provide long-term retention for nationally funded project outputs
    • Promotes the sharing, re-use and re-purposing of expensive content
  • 5. What does a L&T repository do?
    • Offers similar facilities to a library i.e. search, browse, locate , preview and borrow
    • Offers additional facilities e.g. upload, and may allow the structuring of content into content packages
    • Supports all file formats for L&T and delivers content packaged learning objects that can be played in a VLE, or used as resources by tutors
    • Hosts any digital resource that can be used to support teaching and learning
    • Provides “virtual objects” that reference materials (on and offline) held elsewhere
  • 6. Potential sources of content
  • 7. What materials will JORUM hold?
    • Simple materials
      • Excel spreadsheet with data for lab exercise
      • Word document with lesson plan, or schedule of work
      • Images
    • More complex materials
      • 2D & 3D animations illustrating complex concepts e.g. chemical, geological etc
      • Learning objects, containing a number of materials organised into overall learning objectives such as a modules or courses
    • Virtual objects
      • Files that contain a reference to materials not held in the repository
  • 8. Facilitating Re-use - Interoperability
    • Efficient re-use depends on the agreement to use common standards to achieve interoperability
    • The JISC Information Environment requires the implementation of standards and specifications from the IMS Global Learning Consortium, IEEE and Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL)
    • Most relevant to JORUM are:
      • IEEE Learning Object Metadata (LOM)
      • IMS Content Packaging
      • IMS Digital Repositories Interoperability
    • Dewey and UK Educational Level schemes used to classify content for browsing
    • Subject specific schemes also used such as MeSH for medical materials
  • 9. IEEE Learning Object Metadata
    • Based on Dublin Core – title, description, keywords etc.
    • Contains learning specific elements:
      • Learning resource type e.g. exercise, questionnaire, self assessment, graph, exam
      • Level of difficulty e.g. easy, difficult
      • Level of interactivity e.g. low, medium, high
    • JORUM uses metadata subsets or ‘application profiles’ based on the IEEE LOM to meet community specific needs:
      • UK LOM Core
      • X4L profile
      • RDN/LTSN profile
  • 10. IMS Content Packaging Specification
    • IMS Content Packaging facilitates re-usability by specifying a standardised way to package learning content
    • Consists of a zip file containing an XML ‘manifest’ file and the learning resource files or references to the resource files
    • The manifest file contains:
      • the metadata
      • the structure or ‘organisation’ of the learning materials
      • the location of the materials, often within the zip file itself
    • Packages can be imported and exported from the JORUM repository and used as required:
      • Materials can be imported into a VLE
      • The package can be disaggregated and the individual parts (e.g. images) can be re-used as part of other learning objects
      • The free Reload tool can be used to create and package content (www.reload.ac.uk)
  • 11. Disseminating Content
    • IMS Digital Repositories Specification provides recommendations for the interoperation of common repository functions
      • Searching is the main function via OAI and Z39.50 protocols
      • JORUM repository metadata ‘harvestable’ using Open Archives Initiative protocol (OAI-PMH)
      • XQuery and SOAP – enables request and delivery of content
    • IMS DRI facilitates dissemination
      • HE Academy L & T Portal may have a channel or ‘portlet’ for searching JORUM
      • Any harvestable repository can disseminate it’s content through any portal service that decides to harvest it’s metadata
    • Rich Site Summary (RSS)
      • Content disseminated via RSS channels or news feeds
      • E.g. Top 10 downloaded objects, top 10 rated objects etc.
    • Outreach Officers
  • 12. Browsing JORUM for materials
  • 13. Preview materials
  • 14. Export materials
  • 15. Add materials - intraLibrary
  • 16. Add materials - Xtensis
  • 17. Add Metadata
  • 18. Issues: Metadata assignment
    • Effective discovery, relevance and use of materials requires quality metadata
    • Quality assurance mechanism needed
    • Recent research indicates that tutors will not be able/willing to provide metadata in enough quantity and of a high enough quality
    • The addition and quality assurance of metadata will be handled by the repository workflow mechanism
      • Cataloguers, information specialists and technical evaluators will complete and quality assure the metadata
  • 19. Issues: Licensing
    • JORUM Project currently looking at a Creative Commons style licensing model
    • Licence requires someone at institution to state that they have authority to agree to licence i.e. to sign on behalf of their institution
      • It is unlikely that a content author i.e. tutor would have this authority
    • Licence asks for warranty that resources will not break any UK law or offend any third party rights holders
    • Licence requires indemnification of host institution if third party rights holders object or law is broken
      • Only someone with authority to sign on behalf of their institution can give these guarantees
    • Many complex legal and technical problems have to be solved
  • 20. Contacts
      • Project Manager - EDINA
      • [email_address]
      • 01744 623079
      • Project Leader - MIMAS
      • [email_address]
      • 0161 275 6725
      • Software Development and Support - MIMAS
      • [email_address]
      • 0161 275 7044