Task 1 talking books & guides t ask 1


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Task 1 talking books & guides t ask 1

  1. 1. TASK 1
  2. 2. <ul><li>A sound recording of some spoken material (ie a book, commentary, guide , talk) </li></ul><ul><li>NB: Can be original (ie not necessarily an audio version of a book!) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>First developed in 1932; to help blind adults & visually impaired (ie partially blind) people. </li></ul><ul><li>Give the blind a greater choice of books that are not written in Braille . </li></ul><ul><li>R.N.I.B ( www.rnib.ork.uk ) (UK’s leading charity!) offer support to > 2m sight impaired people. </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Talking Book Service (TBS) <ul><li>The TBS of the R.N.I.B provides an extensive range of audio books (recorded in modern studios , professional narrators & authors to bring audio books to life.) </li></ul><ul><li>TB’s provide entertainment & information for the blind, </li></ul><ul><li>but TB’s also designed for a range of people that are not blind! </li></ul><ul><li>eg visitors from another country, </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Popular tourist attractions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(eg Madame Tussaud’s wax museum) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(eg Open Top Bus Tours (most big cities) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other museums & galleries or </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient buildings - (these guides give visitors a general idea on the culture and history.) </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Audio guides must suit their purpose , so their content might be, eg: </li></ul><ul><li>General info . about a tourist destination, </li></ul><ul><li>Directions to attractions in a city (eg which bus or train to take.) </li></ul><ul><li>Educational for museums or galleries that explain different objects on display. </li></ul><ul><li>Very useful for language study – eg can hear the correct pronunciations.) </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Both informative & educational audio guides must also be entertaining and suitable to all ages. </li></ul><ul><li>This means that the content & use of language should be simple & easy to understand. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Audience: <ul><li>Generally audiobooks are produced for everyone – but producers do need to consider audience eg: age range , gender , ethnicity , culture & language . </li></ul><ul><li>A broad variety of print books are already available as audiobooks (ie genres such as: fiction, non-fiction, comedy, classics, biographies, self-improvement(like memory development), children’s books, thrillers, drama, mystery, poetry and languages.) </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Audiobooks are very useful on long journeys , (eg where reading is not advisable because of sickness.) </li></ul><ul><li>Classic authors recorded include (eg </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Dickens (Oliver Twist, David Copperfield, A Christmas Carol) </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Twain (Tom Sawyer & Huckelberry Finn ), </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Austen ( Sense and Sensibility (1811), </li></ul><ul><li>Pride and Prejudice (1813) . </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Today’s increased emigration opens up a growing market for translating audiobooks into different languages. </li></ul><ul><li>The production quality - depends on the market demand (currently an increase in market demand – due to: easier access, increased variety, best sellers. </li></ul><ul><li>General consumers are starting to realise the advantages of audiobooks. of course the blind or partially blind benefit the most, because they don’t have any other choice. </li></ul><ul><li>People with dyslexia and dyspraxia, find them helpful and entertaining. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>ShelfLife: </li></ul><ul><li>Classic publications have a long shelflife (eg </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peter Pan , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lord of the Rings, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moby Dick, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Canterbury Tales III, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Quality Control </li></ul><ul><li>is problem detection . Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>reviewing all original master recordings for artistic quality ; </li></ul><ul><li>checking all masters for technical quality before duplicating copies; </li></ul><ul><li>checking all cassette/cd copies before they are circulated to consumers. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Quality Assurance </li></ul><ul><li>is problem avoidance . Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>all narrator candidates are required to pass a narration audition. </li></ul><ul><li>Making appropriate reference materials available for all staff involved in original master recording; </li></ul><ul><li>Using good quality tape/CD products for original masters, & cassette/CD copies; </li></ul><ul><li>thorough cleaning of equipment for all mastering & duplicating. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Skill set - for a narrator includes the following &quot; performance tools &quot;: </li></ul><ul><li>Script interpretation/analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>A range of creative delivery styles for portraying characters. </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency and stamina. </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of time goes into preparation for an audiobook performance. This includes: </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>pre-reading the material, (often creating a database of the characters to be voiced) </li></ul><ul><li>going through the manuscript to do &quot; mark ups &quot;, (ie putting accent/emphasis marks in.) </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Voice Acting – requires that the overall performance flows well and is consistent . </li></ul><ul><li>The rhythm of each piece of dialogue , as it unfolds, must match the imagery of the (imaginary) scenes .  At the same time, </li></ul><ul><li>there must be delivery of emotion and characterization without overshadowing the story! </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Emphasis can be applied through </li></ul><ul><li>inflection (or pitch/frequency/Hz,) </li></ul><ul><li>projection (volume - loudness or softness,) </li></ul><ul><li>tone of voice, </li></ul><ul><li>dramatic pause. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>( http://www.waynejune.com/audiobook_production_and_narration.htm#costs ) </li></ul><ul><li>END </li></ul>