Task 1   talking books & guides t ask 1
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Task 1 talking books & guides t ask 1






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    Task 1   talking books & guides t ask 1 Task 1 talking books & guides t ask 1 Presentation Transcript

    • TASK 1
      • A sound recording of some spoken material (ie a book, commentary, guide , talk)
      • NB: Can be original (ie not necessarily an audio version of a book!)
      • First developed in 1932; to help blind adults & visually impaired (ie partially blind) people.
      • Give the blind a greater choice of books that are not written in Braille .
      • R.N.I.B ( www.rnib.ork.uk ) (UK’s leading charity!) offer support to > 2m sight impaired people.
    • The Talking Book Service (TBS)
      • The TBS of the R.N.I.B provides an extensive range of audio books (recorded in modern studios , professional narrators & authors to bring audio books to life.)
      • TB’s provide entertainment & information for the blind,
      • but TB’s also designed for a range of people that are not blind!
      • eg visitors from another country,
      • Popular tourist attractions
        • (eg Madame Tussaud’s wax museum)
        • (eg Open Top Bus Tours (most big cities)
      • Other museums & galleries or
      • Ancient buildings - (these guides give visitors a general idea on the culture and history.)
      • Audio guides must suit their purpose , so their content might be, eg:
      • General info . about a tourist destination,
      • Directions to attractions in a city (eg which bus or train to take.)
      • Educational for museums or galleries that explain different objects on display.
      • Very useful for language study – eg can hear the correct pronunciations.)
      • Both informative & educational audio guides must also be entertaining and suitable to all ages.
      • This means that the content & use of language should be simple & easy to understand.
    • Audience:
      • Generally audiobooks are produced for everyone – but producers do need to consider audience eg: age range , gender , ethnicity , culture & language .
      • A broad variety of print books are already available as audiobooks (ie genres such as: fiction, non-fiction, comedy, classics, biographies, self-improvement(like memory development), children’s books, thrillers, drama, mystery, poetry and languages.)
      • Audiobooks are very useful on long journeys , (eg where reading is not advisable because of sickness.)
      • Classic authors recorded include (eg
      • Charles Dickens (Oliver Twist, David Copperfield, A Christmas Carol)
      • Mark Twain (Tom Sawyer & Huckelberry Finn ),
      • Jane Austen ( Sense and Sensibility (1811),
      • Pride and Prejudice (1813) .
      • Today’s increased emigration opens up a growing market for translating audiobooks into different languages.
      • The production quality - depends on the market demand (currently an increase in market demand – due to: easier access, increased variety, best sellers.
      • General consumers are starting to realise the advantages of audiobooks. of course the blind or partially blind benefit the most, because they don’t have any other choice.
      • People with dyslexia and dyspraxia, find them helpful and entertaining.
      • ShelfLife:
      • Classic publications have a long shelflife (eg
          • Peter Pan ,
          • Lord of the Rings,
          • Moby Dick,
          • The Canterbury Tales III, etc.)
      • Quality Control
      • is problem detection . Examples:
      • reviewing all original master recordings for artistic quality ;
      • checking all masters for technical quality before duplicating copies;
      • checking all cassette/cd copies before they are circulated to consumers.
      • Quality Assurance
      • is problem avoidance . Examples:
      • all narrator candidates are required to pass a narration audition.
      • Making appropriate reference materials available for all staff involved in original master recording;
      • Using good quality tape/CD products for original masters, & cassette/CD copies;
      • thorough cleaning of equipment for all mastering & duplicating.
      • Skill set - for a narrator includes the following " performance tools ":
      • Script interpretation/analysis.
      • A range of creative delivery styles for portraying characters.
      • Consistency and stamina.
      • A lot of time goes into preparation for an audiobook performance. This includes:
      • pre-reading the material, (often creating a database of the characters to be voiced)
      • going through the manuscript to do " mark ups ", (ie putting accent/emphasis marks in.)
      • Voice Acting – requires that the overall performance flows well and is consistent .
      • The rhythm of each piece of dialogue , as it unfolds, must match the imagery of the (imaginary) scenes .  At the same time,
      • there must be delivery of emotion and characterization without overshadowing the story!
      • Emphasis can be applied through
      • inflection (or pitch/frequency/Hz,)
      • projection (volume - loudness or softness,)
      • tone of voice,
      • dramatic pause.
      • ( http://www.waynejune.com/audiobook_production_and_narration.htm#costs )
      • END