From the invasion to Iraq, a multinational, principally American and British coalition, it has occupied the country. The subsequent conflict has had great transcendency: the increase of the civil, political violence separation, the elimination and execution of the ex-president Saddam Husein, and the problems in the development of the balance of power, economic and the use of the reservations of oil of the country. In agreement with the Failed States Index, Iraq has arisen recently as the most unstable second country.
The federal government of Iraq is defined under the current Constitution as an Islamic, democratic, federal parliamentary republic. The federal government is composed of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, as well as numerous independent commissions. Aside from the federal government, there are regions (made of one or more governorates), governorates, and districts within Iraq with jurisdiction over various matters as defined by law.
The United States have left any pretension to simulate the existence of an autonomous government, and also of a government of integration The war against Iraq: decisive Point in the international politics For Peter Schwarz On July 21, 2003 The war in Iraq is one of the decisive points of the international politics; point whose meaning and whose enormous insinuations till now have not been understood very well.
ISTANBUL, 27 ABR. (EUROPA PRESS) The vice-minister of Exteriors of Turkey, Naci Koru, it has affirmed this Thursday that he does not believe that there is an escalation of the tensions between the country and Iraq and has assured that the Iraqi first minister, Nuri al Maliki, will throw the conversations of reconciliation with the rest of formations of the country to put end to the political crisis.
SOLUTIONS Baghdad, April 28 (EFE). - Several Iraqi political leaders met today in Erbil, capital of Iraqi Kurdistan, and agreed that the solution to the current crisis passes to revive the agreement that allowed to form a government in 2010. According to an official statement, the Iraqi President Jalal Talabani met today with the influential Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, the leader of the opposition alliance Iraqiya Al Ayad Allawi, the head of Parliament, Osama al Nuyaifi, Kurdish leader Massoud and Barzani.
SOLUTIONS The note, which quoted the head of cabinet of the President Kurdish-Iraqi, Fuad Hussein, explains that "participants in the meeting discussed the means to ensure an end to the crisis, which is a constant threat to the supreme interests of the country" . And stressed the need for the situation is resolved by the agreement of Erbil, which allowed form an Executive in December 2010 and the initiative of eighteen points presented on Thursday by Al Sadr, which is based on defending the unity of Iraq.
Iraqs economy is dominated by the oil sector, which has traditionally provided about 95% of foreign exchange earnings. In the 1980s financial problems caused by massive expenditures in the eight-year war with Iran and damage to oil export facilities by Iran led the government to implement austerity measures, borrow heavily, and later reschedule foreign debt payments. Iraq suffered economic losses from the war of at least US$100 billion.
Internal Gross output (PBI) (estimated year 2001): 59.000 million dollars. Rate of annual growth (year 2001): 5,7 %. GDP per capita (estimated year 2000): 33 2.500 dollars. Rate of inflation (year 2001): 60 %. Natural resources: oil, natural gas, phosphates, sulphur, agricultural products. Agriculture (less than 6 % of the GDP) Products: wheat, barley, rice, cotton, dates, birds of corral. Industry: (less than 13 % of the GDP) Types: oil, petrochemical, material textiles, cement. Trade (year 2001) Exports: 15.800 billion dollars in crude oil. Principal markets: Russia, France, Switzerland, China. Imports: 11.000 million dollars in agricultural products, medicines and machinery. Principal suppliers: Egypt, Russia, France
Such a conflict, even being limited, might upset deeply the international flow of goods, services and investments, base of the present global economy. These disruptive effects, beside discouraging the production, would debilitate the confidence of the investors and consumers, and, therefore, they would limit the private investment and the expenses in consumption. The uncertainties and disorders that would accompany a military conflict might squash the macroeconomic direct stimulus that the military expenses were generating. Such uncertainties already are visible. From ends of August, the oil prices have increased several dollars for barrel. From June, the North American markets of actions and of the rest of the world have declined 20 per cent (evaluation in dollars).
SOLUTIONSIranian vice-president wishes relations Iran - Iraq narrower Updated to 23/04/2012 - 09:39 TEHERAN, 22 abr (Xinhua) - The first vice- president of Iran Mohammad - Says Rahimi he asked today for narrower relations between Iran and Iraq. The cooperation between both countries in the areas of oil and traffic will help to promote the cooperation in other economic areas, it underlined.
SOLUTIONS In the previous year of the Iranian calendar that he concluded on March 19, the value of the economic bilateral relations between Iran and Iraq promoted to 9.700 million dollars USA, an increase of 50 per cent in comparison with the numbers of the previous year, informed today the official agency of news Iranian IRNA. There is foreseen that the value of the trade between both neighboring countries comes to 12.000 million dollars in the current Iranian year, he added.