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grid computing
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grid computing

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  • I want to thank Chris for the kind remarks, and all of you for your interest. So what is this about? Let me have a couple of tries, to narrow it down.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Grid Computing UITS IT Seminar Series June 2001
    • 2. Beyond the Net, lies the Grid. <ul><li>The Net allows users everywhere to share information. </li></ul><ul><li>The Grid will allow users to share raw computing power. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s under construction. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 3. What is a Grid? <ul><li>persistent networked environments integrating geographically distributed supercomputers , large databases , and high end instruments </li></ul><ul><li>coordinated resource sharing and problem solving in dynamic virtual organizations </li></ul>
    • 4. Grid computing is related to but not identical with <ul><li>Parallel computing </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed computing </li></ul><ul><li>Pervasive computing </li></ul>
    • 5. Who is building them? <ul><li>Demonstration – SC98 </li></ul><ul><li>TransPac link from Internet2 to APAN </li></ul><ul><li>NASA, DOE, DOD, NSF </li></ul>
    • 6. It’s for real. <ul><li>Used to construct: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>collaborative engineering systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>real-time instrument control systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>problem solving environments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to perform record-setting scientific simulations. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 7. You don’t have to be a computer scientist…
    • 8. The bandwagon
    • 9. Student Technology Centers <ul><li>Nearly 1000 new computers </li></ul><ul><li>Fast ethernet connections </li></ul><ul><li>SETI@Home screensaver accumulated CPU-hours at the rate of 552 processors on a 24x7 basis </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges: resource management, security, migration </li></ul><ul><li>Testbed project – Condor </li></ul>
    • 10. The goal is to create … <ul><li>A scalable, seamless extension of your access point </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>through pervasive networks </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>to a set of resources </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tied together by a set of ubiquitous common distributed services . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 11. A scalable, seamless extension of your access point through pervasive networks ...
    • 12. A scalable, seamless extension of your access point through pervasive networks to a set of resources … <ul><li>Parallel computing is harder </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There’s more to think about. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The technology is less mature. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>It need not even help </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moving bits is slower than crunching them. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formula for success: communication/computation &lt;&lt; 1 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 13. A scalable, seamless extension of your access point through pervasive networks to a set of resources tied together by common services.
    • 14. To Do: <ul><li>Building the middleware, protocols, interoperable communications libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Building resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Building social infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic exchange mechanisms </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 15. Building on the Internet, the WWW <ul><li>Uniform naming </li></ul><ul><li>A seamless, scalable information service </li></ul><ul><li>A powerful new meta-data language: XML </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SOAP - simple object access protocol - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uses XML for message encoding, HTTP for protocol. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>XML-RPC may become standard mechanism for Grid Services. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 16. Why bother? Because you have to. <ul><li>Big calculations – more processors, more memory </li></ul>
    • 17. Other reasons: <ul><li>Share resources </li></ul><ul><li>Share ideas </li></ul>
    • 18. Who is building the Grid at IU? <ul><li>Computer Science and Engineering departments </li></ul><ul><li>Other departments </li></ul><ul><li>UITS </li></ul>
    • 19. IUB CS Department Extreme Computing Group <ul><ul><li>Current Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science Portals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common Component Architecture Toolkit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SoapRMI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The CoGBox </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Collaborations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Globus Project, Argonne National Lab </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GRADS, the Grid Application Development Software Project </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GriPhyN, the Grid Physics Network </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 20. IUPUI CS Department <ul><li>Software development for large-scale decentralized heterogeneous distributed systems </li></ul><ul><li>SIFTR – adaptive information agents </li></ul>
    • 21. Workshop at Indiana University June 14-15, 2000 Developing a GriPhyN testbed for ATLAS <ul><li>Data Grids – Linking Instruments, Storage, and Analysis </li></ul>
    • 22. IUB Chemistry – Crystallography <ul><li>Reciprocal Net </li></ul><ul><li>XPort - A Grid-based Collaboratory for Real-time Data Acquisition, Reduction and Visualization for Macromolecular X-Ray Crystallography Using the LBL Advanced Light Source </li></ul>
    • 23. IUPUI Mechanical Engineering - CFD Lab Dynamic Load Balancing
    • 24. StarLab Project <ul><li>Specialized instruments, Data Grids </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GRAPE computers – Tokyo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AMNH Planetarium – New York </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HPSS – Indianapolis (NOCs!) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 25. What is The Grid? <ul><li>The Grid : Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure, ed. Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman, Morgan Kaufmann 1999. </li></ul>
    • 26. If you really want to know … <ul><li>B649 </li></ul><ul><li>Topics in Systems: </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed Computing </li></ul><ul><li>EE 563 </li></ul><ul><li>Programming </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel Machines </li></ul><ul><li>CSCI 537 </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Distributed Computing </li></ul>
    • 27. Useful links: <ul><li>High Performance Computing Support </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. indiana . edu /~ rac / hpc / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Class Web Pages </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://dpis.engr.iupui.edu/Courses/ee595. htm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.cs.indiana.edu/classes/b649/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Laboratories </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. iumsc . indiana . edu / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. engr . iupui . edu / cfdlab / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. indiana . edu /~ uits / hpnap / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Indiana Pervasive Computing Research (IPCRES) Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. indiana . edu /~ ovpit / ipcres / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Grid Computing Info Centre (GRID Infoware) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. gridcomputing .com/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>EnterTheGrid </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. hoise .com/ enterthegrid / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>NASA’s Information Power Grid </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. nas . nasa , gov /About/IPG/ ipg .html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>GriPhyN / ATLAS in NY Times </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.nytimes.com/2000/09/28/technology/28NEXT.html </li></ul></ul></ul>

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