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History theme 5 jesuit relations

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  • 1. Theme 5: The Jesuit Relations By Amanda Garibay History 140
  • 2. The Main Themes From The Introduction
    • The society of Jesus in Europe and Abroad
    • Iroquoians and Algonquians
    • The colonization of new France
    • The Canadian missions
    • The Jesuit relations and their readers
    • Confronting the other: The problem of cultural and historical differences
  • 3. Main Themes In Detail
    • Founded by the Spanish ex-soldier Ignatius of Loyola in 1534, the Society of Jesus was firmly and powerfully established in Catholic Europe by the time it began sending missionaries to Canada.
    • By about 1670, there were Iroquois settlements in Canada that were closely aligned with the French, as well as the five original Iroquois tribes, still occupying their New York homeland and unconnected with the French.
    • Commercial penetration led to the formation of military diplomatic alliances that helped extend French influence over vast regions, in the process of French colonization.
    • European writings about the New World generally divide into two distinct genres, each with its own roots in classical literature, adding an other set of religious genre types.
    • Civilization and religion were singular as far as Europeans of that period were concerned.
    • For the seventeenth-century Europeans, there was also a parallel religious dichotomy that opposed Christians and “pagans”
  • 4. Writings On The Natural Environment
    • General Themes:
    • Montagnais explanations of a solar eclipse
    • The Moral qualities of animals
    • Earthquake, comets, and other prophetic signs
    • Nature as a storehouse of resources
  • 5. Writings On The Natural Environment
    • What we learn of the lives of the aboriginal peoples of Canada:
    • Makheabichtichiou believe in the people of the world will all die, except for two persons, a man and a women.
    • The industrious beaver was a figure of endless fascination, and so too were creatures that displayed aggressive qualities valued in men as properly masculine.
    • In 1663 nature went insane: Various strange apparitions appeared in the sky, and then a violent earthquake struck, with aftershocks occurring over a sixth month period. It was very frightening for the aboriginals.
    • Universal earthquakes in Canada and its effects feared aboriginal peoples of Canada.
    • Canada transformed due to the King who extended protection in 1666, giving peace to the lives of the aboriginal peoples of Canada
  • 6. Diplomacy and War
    • General Themes:
    • Peace negations at three rivers (1645)
    • Iroquois attacks on the Algonquians (1647)
    • The Huron's annihilated (1649)
  • 7. Diplomacy and War
    • What we learn of the lives of the aboriginal people of Canada:
    • Canada emerges as the strongest power of the region.
    • Treaty of peace between the French, Iroquois, and other nations takes place first.
    • The Canadian mission field was used to serve during times of diplomacy and war.
  • 8. Disease and Medicine
    • General Themes:
    • Huron medical practices
    • The influenza epidemic of 1637
    • Smallpox among the Huron's, 1639
    • A medical Duel: Father Allouez and the Potawotamis
  • 9. Disease and Medicine
    • What we learn of the lives of the aboriginal people of Canada:
    • Huron medical practices taken from Jean de Brebeuf’s relations of 1639, practiced cure of diseases with: Lacrosse, gambling, and satisfying the Souls desires.
    • In fall of 1636, the Huron villages where Jesuits resided were struck with a “fever”, most likely a strain of influenza originating in New England. The disease spread slowly affecting the aboriginal people of Canada.
    • Other plagues such as: small pox and Ossossane effected the aboriginal people of Canada.
  • 10. Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlands
    • General Themes:
    • Paul le jeune winters with mestigoit’s band, 1633-1634
    • Montagnais People
    • How Montagnais settled disputes and discipline children
  • 11. Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlands
    • What we learn of the lives of the aboriginal people of Canada:
    • The Montagnais and Algonquians were people of great knowledge of landscape and amazing technical sophistication.
    • These peoples excelled above and all in the technology of transportations.
    • Their spiritual beliefs and practices were naturally interested in the Jesuits.
    • The Indians had great hunting skills and beliefs toward beavers.
    • When beavers were hunted, the bones were thrown back into the water.
    • They believe in never getting angry.
    • When wrong is done, one must be punished, that is the rules of the people.