BY: KEVIN STARR
Set 1 - Chapters 7 – 9
Power Point Slides
By Amanda Garibay
Time Period from 1920-1963
Great Expectations: Creating the Infrastructure of a Mega-State
The mega-state began with water, the sine qua non of any civilization. For California to
become inhabitable and productive in its entirety would require a statewide water
system of heroic magnitude. In 1878 the Drainage Act was passed. From then on
William Hammond Hall was responsible for all of the studies that laid out a
comprehensive program for the development of California through water projects.
The first forty years of statehood saw
California organize its political and social
economical structures and lay the foundations
of its built environment.
The second forty years as a state-(twentieth
century), the public works infrastructure of
California was established. Some activity
beginning in the 1890’s
The dams, aqueducts, reservoirs, power plants,
industrial sites, bridges, roadways ,public
buildings, and stadiums created during this
second phase served the growing population
of the state. They also foretold and
empowered the mega-state to come
1920: Legislature expands the scope of anti-Japanese legislation. The California
Institute of Technology is named. Donald Douglas opens an aviation company in
1924: Immigration Act prohibits Japanese from emigrating to the Untied States.
Los Angeles Basin is producing 230 Million barrels of crude oil and 300 million cubic feet
of natural gas.
1927: T. Claude Ryan builds Spirit of St. Louis in San Diego. Mexican
field workers organize the Mutual Aid Society and submit demands to growers.
1928: Phillo T. Farnsworth makes the first television transmission from San Francisco
1929: Western Airlines announces service to New York via Kansas City. The jazz singer
introduces sound in film.
Making It Happen: Labor Through the Great Depression and Beyond
The Great Depression of the 1930’s witnessed the continuing creation of a
statewide infrastructure as the state and federal governments sponsored
ambitious programs of public works that completed California. The resulting
social strife was compounded by the structural instability of the agricultural
workforce; a militant labor movement in the San Francisco Bay Area; A
labor-resistant oligarchy, especially in Southern California and the working
Making It Happen
by their stooped
labor played a
crucial role in
They had a right
to a decent and
dignified life in
the state they
had helped to
create, to sustain,
and to enrich.
Making It Happen
Thanks to the
Boulder Dam was
and 1935 on the
at the Nevada-
This was the most
up to that time in
War And Peace: Garrison State and Suburban Growth
Act of war governed by the military. California remains
closely connected to the military through the rest of the nineteenth
1854 The navy maintained an important ship repair facility on Mare
Island in San Francisco Bay.
Starting in 1891 the fourth Cavalry had responsibility for patrolling the
Yosemite Valley, resulting in California's need for military to increase.
1898 The Spanish-American War formally established the United
States as an Asia-Pacific power.
The point of these dates being brought up are to inform of the past that soon later on resulted
with the wars and peace of the second world war on September 1, 1939
War and Peace
The attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of
December 7, 1941took all the force from the
America First movement, already reeling form the
anti-Semitic direction it had taken in certain
speeches by former Californian Charles
This California-Japanese war, as Carey
McWilliams described it, was part of a larger
“Yellow Peril” movement that brought with it a
virulent “White California” crusade led by former
San Francisco mayor James Duval Phelan.
Between 1940 and 1950 the state population grew from
6.9 million to 10.6 million, a gain of 53 percent. Between
July 1945 to July 1947, more than a million people
migrated to California, which created a housing shortage
of monumental proportions.
War and Peace
Such massive development demanded anchorage
in time, place, and theme. Disneyland helped to do
this. IN the rise of Southern California, hotels,
resorts, and expositions played a founding role.