DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGE IN
YEMEN
By
Adnan Qatinah

December 05, 2013
Seoul, Korea
I.

Some facts about Yemen

II. Development Challenges in Yemen
•

High Population Growth Rates

•

Poverty

•

Unemployme...
Some facts about Yemen

Population (2012): 25,517,828

Annual population growth rate (%): 3.0
GDP (2012): $35.65 billion
G...
Some facts about Yemen
• Yemen has seen a number of
economic, political and social changes
over the past five decades. The...
Some facts about Yemen

Regional and International
factors,
and
national
dialogue, which continued
even during the fierces...
II. Economic Challenges in Yemen

o High population growth rates;
o Poverty;
o Unemployment;
o Water scarcity.
Source: http://www.globalresearch.ca/articlePictures/protest-southYemen.jpg
Population in Yemen

Millions

Population
30.0
25.0
20.0

15.0
10.0
5.0
1970

1975

Source: World Bank data (2012).

1980
...
Source: 20 points: Editable-Yemen-Map-showing-population-density-for-PPT-Presentations-Editable-Yemen-PPT-map
Demographic transition
30.0
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
1970

1975

1980

1985

Fertility rate
Source: World Bank data (2012)....
Children per woman

Source: World Bank data (2012).
Demographic pyramid in Yemen

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base
Source: http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/61895000/jpg/_61895314_yemen_shibam_g.jpg
• Around

47

percent

of

Population Below Income Poverty Line in 2012

Yemen

50

population lives under the poverty

45...
Source: http://gulfnews.com/polopoly_fs/1.1169480!/image/494564005.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_475/494564005.jpg
Unemployment in Yemen
Unemployment rate (2012)
40%
35%

35%
30%

30%
25%
20%
15%

13%

10%
10%

9%

9%

9%
5%

5%
0%
Alger...
Source: UN Photo/Ian Steele Children helping an old woman fill her containers with water from a community pump in Yemen.
Water Scarcity in Yemen
• Total Renewable Water Resources: 2,500Mm3

• Total Water Demand:

3,400Mm3

• Deficit:

900Mm3

...
Water Scarcity in Yemen

Sourse: MCM/year; average climate change
III. Lessens learn from Korean experience
• Political and economic stability and growth are coming first
• Strong leadersh...
Global leadership program, G-20 and Peacebuilding - Development Challenges in Yemen
Global leadership program, G-20 and Peacebuilding - Development Challenges in Yemen
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Global leadership program, G-20 and Peacebuilding - Development Challenges in Yemen

  1. 1. DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGE IN YEMEN By Adnan Qatinah December 05, 2013 Seoul, Korea
  2. 2. I. Some facts about Yemen II. Development Challenges in Yemen • High Population Growth Rates • Poverty • Unemployment • Water Scarcity III. Lessens learn from Korean experience
  3. 3. Some facts about Yemen Population (2012): 25,517,828 Annual population growth rate (%): 3.0 GDP (2012): $35.65 billion GDP per capita (2012): $1,200 Area: 527,829 km2 Currency: Yemeni Rial (YER) ($1= 214 YER)
  4. 4. Some facts about Yemen • Yemen has seen a number of economic, political and social changes over the past five decades. The most important of these were the revolution of September 1962 against the Imamate in North Yemen, and that of October 1973 against British colonial rule in South Yemen. • The 1970s and 1980s involved periods of conflict between the North and the South. • Yemeni society is characterized by tribalism, especially in the northern and eastern parts.
  5. 5. Some facts about Yemen Regional and International factors, and national dialogue, which continued even during the fiercest phases of the conflict, led to the unification of Yemen in May 1990 and the creation of the Republic of Yemen.
  6. 6. II. Economic Challenges in Yemen o High population growth rates; o Poverty; o Unemployment; o Water scarcity.
  7. 7. Source: http://www.globalresearch.ca/articlePictures/protest-southYemen.jpg
  8. 8. Population in Yemen Millions Population 30.0 25.0 20.0 15.0 10.0 5.0 1970 1975 Source: World Bank data (2012). 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
  9. 9. Source: 20 points: Editable-Yemen-Map-showing-population-density-for-PPT-Presentations-Editable-Yemen-PPT-map
  10. 10. Demographic transition 30.0 25.0 20.0 15.0 10.0 5.0 1970 1975 1980 1985 Fertility rate Source: World Bank data (2012). 1990 1995 Death rate 2000 2005 2010
  11. 11. Children per woman Source: World Bank data (2012).
  12. 12. Demographic pyramid in Yemen Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base
  13. 13. Source: http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/61895000/jpg/_61895314_yemen_shibam_g.jpg
  14. 14. • Around 47 percent of Population Below Income Poverty Line in 2012 Yemen 50 population lives under the poverty 45 40 line; 35 • Poverty reduction is a priority in 30 % Yemen; • Poverty in Yemen is closely linked to economic growth rates and developments in wealth distribution. 46.6 23.6 25 18.4 20 12.8 15 10 5 17.5 6.8 2.6 2 3.5 2 0 Tunisia Jordan $1.25 a day Sours: Algeria Egypt $2 a day Yemen
  15. 15. Source: http://gulfnews.com/polopoly_fs/1.1169480!/image/494564005.jpg_gen/derivatives/box_475/494564005.jpg
  16. 16. Unemployment in Yemen Unemployment rate (2012) 40% 35% 35% 30% 30% 25% 20% 15% 13% 10% 10% 9% 9% 9% 5% 5% 0% Algeria Egypt Jordan Libya Morocco Syria Tunisia Yemen
  17. 17. Source: UN Photo/Ian Steele Children helping an old woman fill her containers with water from a community pump in Yemen.
  18. 18. Water Scarcity in Yemen • Total Renewable Water Resources: 2,500Mm3 • Total Water Demand: 3,400Mm3 • Deficit: 900Mm3 • Ground water decline level: 1-7m per year. • The annual water share: 125m3 per capita. • Per capita availability of renewable resources is 133 m3; comparable figures are 7,500 (world) 1,250 MENA region. Source: UN Photo/Ian Women carried water in Yemen.
  19. 19. Water Scarcity in Yemen Sourse: MCM/year; average climate change
  20. 20. III. Lessens learn from Korean experience • Political and economic stability and growth are coming first • Strong leadership and institutions • Providing universal primary education • Strengthening vocational education at the secondary level. • Encourage private sector to invest in education • Match between educational development policies and national economic development process • Diversify the economy • Have a good relationship and cooperation with the international community • Redistribute and reduce inequity • Invest more in the infrastructure • ……

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