Verb Tense
Tense denotes the time of the action indicated
by a verb. The time is not always the same
as that indicated by ...
6 Types

Verb Tenses

Present

Past

Future

Present
Perfect

Past
Perfect

Future
Perfect
Present Tense




Present tense may express
action which is going on at the
present time or which occurs
always, repeate...
Past Tense




Past tense expresses action
completed at a definite time in
the past.
Examples: He wrote the letter
yeste...
Future Tense








Future tense expresses action
which will take place in the
future.
It uses the helping verbs will...
Present Perfect Tense





Present perfect tense expresses action
completed at the present time (perfect
means complete...
Past Perfect Tense






Past perfect tense expresses
action completed before certain
time in the past. (This is the
be...
Future Perfect Tense






Future perfect tense expresses
action which will be completed
before a certain time in the
f...
Verb Forms

Verb Forms

Regular

Irregular
Regular Verbs





Regular verbs form their past
tense and past participle by
adding –ed or –d to their
present tense f...
Regular verbs and their
Principal Parts
Principal
Parts:

Present Present Past
Participle Tense
Tense

Past

call,
calls

...
Irregular Verbs







Irregular verbs can form their
past tense and past participle
forms in various way.
These forms...
Four Principal/Main Parts
Principal
Parts:

Present
Tense

Present

Past
Participle Tense

Past

be, am,
are, is

being

w...
Other Common Irregular
Verbs and their Principal Parts
Principal
Part

Present
Tense

Present
Participle

Past Tense

Past...
Conjugation






A conjugation of a verb is the
correct arrangement of its form
through its tenses, persons, and
numbe...
Conjugation of the verb: to be
Tense

Singular

Plural

Present

I am
You are
He, she, it is

We are
You are
They are

Pas...
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Verb tense

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Transcript of "Verb tense "

  1. 1. Verb Tense Tense denotes the time of the action indicated by a verb. The time is not always the same as that indicated by the name of the tense.
  2. 2. 6 Types Verb Tenses Present Past Future Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect
  3. 3. Present Tense   Present tense may express action which is going on at the present time or which occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually. Examples: He sees the train. He eats cereal for breakfast every day.
  4. 4. Past Tense   Past tense expresses action completed at a definite time in the past. Examples: He wrote the letter yesterday. She lived to be 90 years old.
  5. 5. Future Tense     Future tense expresses action which will take place in the future. It uses the helping verbs will or shall* and the present tense form of the verb). Examples: He will send the letter tomorrow. I shall wait here until you return. * Traditionally, shall is used for 1st person and will for 2nd and 3rd persons.
  6. 6. Present Perfect Tense    Present perfect tense expresses action completed at the present time (perfect means complete) or begun in the past and continuing into the present. This tense uses the helping verbs has and have and the past participle of the verb. Examples:   He has written a letter to his uncle. (completed action) The Waltons have lived here for seven years. (continuing)
  7. 7. Past Perfect Tense    Past perfect tense expresses action completed before certain time in the past. (This is the before-past tense.) It uses the helping verb had and the past participle of the verb. Example: She had written the letter before I saw her.
  8. 8. Future Perfect Tense    Future perfect tense expresses action which will be completed before a certain time in the future. (This is the before-future tense) It uses the helping verbs will have or shall have and the past participle of the verb. Example: He will have finished the paper before next Friday.
  9. 9. Verb Forms Verb Forms Regular Irregular
  10. 10. Regular Verbs    Regular verbs form their past tense and past participle by adding –ed or –d to their present tense form. More than 95% of all English verbs are regular. Regular verbs cause few problems in speaking and writing.
  11. 11. Regular verbs and their Principal Parts Principal Parts: Present Present Past Participle Tense Tense Past call, calls Participle Verb: To call To dust dust, dusts calling called (have) called dusting dusted (have) dusted
  12. 12. Irregular Verbs     Irregular verbs can form their past tense and past participle forms in various way. These forms cause even native speakers innumerable problems. The most irregular verb of all is the verb to be. Another irregular verb that is important for its use with other verbs is the verb to have.
  13. 13. Four Principal/Main Parts Principal Parts: Present Tense Present Past Participle Tense Past be, am, are, is being was, were (have) been having had (have) had Participle Verb: To Be To Have have, has
  14. 14. Other Common Irregular Verbs and their Principal Parts Principal Part Present Tense Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle To see see, sees seeing saw (have) seen To do do, does doing did (have) done To fly fly, flies flew (have) flown To run run, runs running ran (have) run Verb flying
  15. 15. Conjugation    A conjugation of a verb is the correct arrangement of its form through its tenses, persons, and numbers. Person means the speaker, the person spoken to, and the person or thing spoken of. Number means singular or plural.
  16. 16. Conjugation of the verb: to be Tense Singular Plural Present I am You are He, she, it is We are You are They are Past I was You were He was We were You were They were Future I shall be You will be He will be We shall be You will be They will be Present Perfect I have been You have been He has been We have been You have been They have been Past Perfect I had been You had been He had been We had been You had been They had been Future Perfect I shall have been You will have been He will have been We shall have been You will have been They will have been
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