Presence of middle school students’ participation in
Presence of Middle School Students’Participation in a Virtual GameEnvironment to Access ScienceInquiryArtevia MurphyAEET 780May 16, 2012
The Purpose• To explore the concepts of “presence” and participation among middle school students in a virtual environment
What is “Presence”? What are theFactors of “Presence”?• How an individual’s interactions with a virtual reality are depicted in the virtual environment• 3 Important Factors of Presence ▫ Sensory ▫ Perceptual ▫ Social
Foreshadowing• This research study will demonstrate how middle school students perceived themselves on feeling a part of the VE based on interactions with people and objects within the environment.• The more a person can sense to participate, the more that person will develop “presence”.
SAVE Science• Research project that develops a series of VE game modules• Shows whether middle school students knowledge can be accessed on scientific content• 2 Games ▫ Sheep Trouble ▫ Weather Trouble
Sheep Trouble/Weather Trouble• Sheep Trouble-students must assist the farmer to find proof to support the hypothesis as to why his new flock of sheep are not doing as well as the old flock of sheep• Weather Trouble-students must save the town from a drought and predict when the drought will end
Hypothesis• The more the students felt a part of the story(game) the more likely they are to participate
Participants• 2 different non-urban setting schools• 154 students-sixth and seventh graders ▫ 66 males ▫ 88 females
Pre-Survey/Post-Survey• Focused on students’ prior experience with games and computers• Executed the assessment modules-Sheep Trouble& Weather Trouble• Asked 4 questions on perceptions of presence ▫ What was the problem? ▫ How did you go about the solution? ▫ How was it like being a scientist? ▫ How was it like/different from taking a test?
Results-Post Survey• 55% of students felt some level of “presence”• No significant difference between gender and presence• 7th graders had sensed more presence than the 6th graders
Being There Language• First person- I, We• Second person-You• Third person-He, She, It
Limitations• No control group• Non-urban schools• Used only one race of people
Conclusion• Majority of the students felt a sense of “presence”• More 7th graders felt presence than 6th graders• More males played console games than females
Source• Schifter, C. C., Ketelhut, D. J., & Nelson, B. C. (2012). Presence and Middle School Students Participation in a Virtual Game Environment to Assess Science Inquiry. Educational Technology & Society, 15 (1), 53–63.