Myers briggs mbti normal personality and career development
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Myers briggs mbti normal personality and career development

on

  • 1,226 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,226
Views on SlideShare
825
Embed Views
401

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
43
Comments
0

6 Embeds 401

http://www.psycholawlogy.com 387
http://cloud.feedly.com 5
http://feeds.feedburner.com 4
http://digg.com 3
https://twitter.com 1
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Myers briggs mbti normal personality and career development Myers briggs mbti normal personality and career development Presentation Transcript

  • Personality Type,the MBTI®, andCareer Development 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Introduction to Normal Personality With Implications for Career Development Dan DeFoe, JD, MS 1 Adlitem Solutions
  • Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright2 2012
  • Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright3 2012
  • Agenda• Greeting• “Normal Personality” 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Myers-Briggs (MBTI®)• Career Development & MBTI®• References 4
  • “Normal Personality” Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright5 2012
  • Foundational Concepts – NormalPersonality – “Type”• Jung & Myers• “Normal” – “Gifts Differing” 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Trait vs. Type• Assessment v. Sorting: MBTI® - Steps I, II, III• Type in Organizations 6
  • Normal Personality - The MBTI ®InstrumentDeveloped by Katharine C. Briggs and herdaughter Isabel Briggs Myers. 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightBased on the work of Swiss psychologistC. G. Jung, who presented his psychologicaltype theory in his book Psychological Types(published 1921, translated into English 1923). 7
  • It’s about Preferences…. Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright8 2012
  • Jung’s Theory – Preferences……• Preferences – innate, “inborn predispositions.”• Preferences interact with and are shaped by 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright environmental influences: • Family • Country • Education • and many others 9
  • Jung’s Theory• Four pairs of opposites—e.g right and left hands - use both, but one is our natural preference.• Preference basics do not change—they stay the same over our lifetime, e.g. always a RT hand 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• But, how we use our preferences and often the accuracy with which we can measure the preferences may change.• Confounding variable—environment! 10
  • (MBTI®) Myers-Briggs Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright11 2012
  • Myers-Briggs (MBTI®) "The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® is to make the theory of psychological types described by C. G. Jung (1921/1971) understandable and useful in peoples lives. The essence of the 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright theory is that much seemingly random variation in behavior is actually quite orderly and consistent, being due to basic differences in the way individuals prefer to use their perception and judgment." 12
  • Myers-Briggs (MBTI®)• Perception involves all the ways of becoming aware of things, people, happenings, or ideas.• Judgment involves all the ways of coming to 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright conclusions about what has been perceived.• If people differ systematically in what they perceive and in how they reach conclusions, then it is only reasonable for them to differ correspondingly in their interests, reactions, 13 values, motivations, and skills.
  • Myers-Briggs (MBTI®)The aim of the MBTI instrument is to identify,from self self-report of easily recognizedreactions, the basic preferences of people in 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyrightregard to perception and judgment, so that theeffects of each preference, singly and incombination, can be established by research andput into practical use. 14
  • MBTI® & Jung’s Theory• Four pairs of opposites—like our right and left hands. We all use both sides of each pair, but one is our natural preference.• Jung believed that our preferences do not 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright change—they stay the same over our lifetime.• What changes is how we use our preferences and often the accuracy with which we can measure the preferences.• The confounding variable—environment! 15
  • The Four Preferences of the MBTI instrument Index Preferences Between E–I E Extraversion or I Introversion 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Affects Choices as toWhether to direct perception judgment mainlyon the outer world (E) or mainly on the innerworld of ideas. 16
  • The Four Preferences of the MBTI instrument Index Preferences Between S–N S Sensing perception or N Intuitive perception 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Affects Choices as toWhich kind of perception is preferred when oneneeds or wishes to perceive. 17
  • The Four Preferences of the MBTI instrument Index Preferences Between T–F T Thinking judgment or F feeling judgment 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Affects Choices as toWhich kind of judgment to trust when oneneeds or wishes to make a decision. 18
  • The Four Preferences of the MBTI instrument Index Preferences Between J - P J Judgment or P Perception 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Affects Choices as toWhether to deal with the outer world injudgment (J) attitude (using T or F) or in theperceptive (P) attitude (using S or N). 19
  • Jungian Theory Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright20 2012
  • Myers-Briggs (MBTI®) The 16 Types As located on the Type TableISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightISTP ISFP INFP INTPESTP ESFP ENFP ENTPESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ 21
  • Key Type Concepts…..Type• is innate• can be influenced• is observable 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• is not a box• is not an excuse• indicates preferences, not skills 22
  • Type Table ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ ISTP ISFP INFP INTP 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ N= _____ Modal type (most frequent type) ____ ____ ____ ____ E _____ I _____ S _____ N _____ Group Type (most frequent preferences) T _____ F _____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 23 J _____ P _____ RM 2-3
  • Type Distribution of theU.S. National Representative Sample I STJ I SFJ I NFJ I NTJ 11.6% 13.8% 1.5% 2.1% IS TP IS FP IN FP IN TP 5.4% 8.8% 4.4% 3.3% 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright E STP E SFP E NFP E NTP 4.3% 8.5% 8.1% 3.2% ES TJ ES FJ EN FJ EN TJ 8.7% 12.3% 2.5% 1.8%E = 49% I = 51%S = 73% N = 27%T = 40% F = 60%J = 54% P = 46% 24 RM 2-4
  • 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightEnergyExtraversion or Introversion 25
  • Extraversion or Introversion 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright The direction in which we focus our attention and energy 26 Introduction to Type®, p. 9
  • Energy Extraversion Introversion [E] [I]• Energized through • Being energized 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright contact with other through ideas, people or through quiet times, engaging in or solitude activities 27• The outer world • The inner world
  • E–IPeople who prefer Extraversion:• Focus their energy and attention outward• Are interested in the world of people and thingsPeople who prefer Introversion: 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Focus their energy and attention inward• Are interested in the inner world of thoughts and reflections We all use both preferences, but usually not with equal comfort. 28
  • Extraversion or Introversion 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Introduction to Type® and Change, pp. 4–5 29
  • Where People Focus Attention Extraverted Types Introverted Types• External • Inner world environment • Writing• Talking • Reflecting / Mental 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Work through practice• Broad interests • Deep interests• Sociable/expressive • Private/contained• Initiative in • Initiative when relationships important 30
  • Some Key Words Associated with Extraversion Introversion Action Reflection 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Outward Inward People Privacy Interaction Concentration Many Few Expressive Quiet Do-Think-Do Think-Do-Think 31
  • We Have a PreferenceWe all do Extraverted and Introverted things. But we usually do not do them 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright with equal comfort. Most of us have a preference for one over the other. 32
  • 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightInformationSensing or Intuition 33
  • Sensing or Intuition 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright The way we take in information and the kind of information we like and trust Introduction to Type®, p. 9 34
  • How people take in information | S–NPeople who prefer Sensing:• Prefer to take in information using their five senses— sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightPeople who prefer Intuition:• Go beyond what is real or concrete and focus on meaning, associations, and relationships We all use both ways of perceiving, but we typically prefer and trust one more. 35
  • Sensing [S]or Intuition [N] Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright36 2012
  • How Do You Take In Information?SENSING INTUITION Present orientation  Future possibilities What is real  What could be Practical  Theoretical 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Facts  Inspirations Perfecting established  Learning new skills skills  Novelty Utility  Insight-by-insight Step-by-step  The sixth sense, a The five senses hunch 37 Source: Introduction to Type® in Organizations (3rd ed.) by Sandra Krebs Hirsh and Jean M. Kummerow. Mountain View, CA: CPP, Inc., 1998. Reprinted with permission. Using the MBTI ® Tool in Organizations (3rd ed.) © 2001 by CPP, Inc. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this overhead master for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. MBTI is a trademark or registered trademark of the Myers-Briggs Type RM 3-17 Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries.
  • Information – S or N Sensing [S] Intuition [N]Paying attention to Paying attention towhat you perceive what might bethrough the five described as the 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyrightsenses: seeing, sixth sense—thehearing, touching, unseen world ofsmelling, and tasting meanings, inferences, hunches, insights, and connections 38
  • We Have a Preference We all use Sensing and Intuition when making our observations about the world. But we usually do not use them 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright with equal trust. Most of us have a preference for one over the other. 39
  • Decisions Thinking or Feeling Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright40 2012
  • Thinking or Feeling 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright The way we make decisions Introduction to Type®, p. 10 41
  • T–FPeople who prefer Thinking:• Make their decisions based on impersonal, objective logic 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightPeople who prefer Feeling:• Make their decisions with a person-centered, values-based process Both processes are rational and we use both often, but usually not equally easily. 42
  • Thinking or Feeling Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright43 2012
  • Decisions Thinking FeelingMaking decisions Making decisionsbased on impartial based on values- 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyrightcriteria—cause- based, person-effect reasoning, centered criteria,constant principles seeking harmonyor truths, and logic 44
  • Some Key Words Associated with Thinking Feeling 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Head Heart Distant Personal Things People Objective Subjective Critique Praise Analyze Understand Firm but fair Merciful 45
  • How Do You Make Decisions? Thinking Feeling [T] [F]• Logical system • Values system• Head • Heart• Objective • Subjective 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Justice • Mercy• Critique • Compliment• Principles • Harmony• Reason • Empathy• Firm but fair • Compassionate 46
  • How People Make DecisionsThinking Types [T] Feeling [F]• Analytical • Empathetic• Cause & Effect • Guided by values• Logical • Impact to people? 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Objective standard • Harmony• Reasonable • Compassionate• “Tough- • “Tender- minded….” hearted…”• Fair + Equal • Fair + Individual 47
  • Some Key Words Associated with Thinking Feeling Head Heart 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Distant Personal Things People Objective Subjective Critique Praise Analyze Understand Firm but fair Merciful 48
  • We Have a Preference We all use Thinking and Feeling when making decisions. But we usually do not use them 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright with equal ease. Most of us have a preference for one over the other. 49
  • 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightOuter WorldJudging or Perceiving 50
  • Judging or Perceiving 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Our attitude toward the external world and how we orient ourselves to it 51 Introduction to Type®, p. 10
  • J–PPeople who prefer Judging:• Want the external world to be organized and orderly• Look at the world and see decisions that need to be madePeople who prefer Perceiving: 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Seek to experience the world, not organize it• Look at the world and see options that need to be explored We all use both attitudes, but usually not with equal comfort. 52
  • Judging or Perceiving Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright53 2012
  • Approach to Life Judging Perceiving [J] [P] 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightWant to live an Want to live aordered life, with spontaneous lifegoals and structure, with flexibility,making decisions so staying open to newyou can move on information and 54 possibilities
  • How Do You Approach Life? JUDGING PERCEIVING  Decide about  Attend to, gather information information  Regulate  Flow 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright  Control  Adapt  Settled  Tentative  Run one’s life  Let life happen  Set goals  Seek options  Closing off  Opening up  Organized  Flexible 55Source: Introduction to Type® in Organizations (3rd ed.) by Sandra Krebs Hirsh and Jean M. Kummerow, Mountain View, CA: CPP, Inc., 1998.Reprinted with permission.Using the MBTI ® Tool in Organizations (3rd ed.) © 2001 by CPP, Inc. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this overhead master for workshop use.Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. MBTI is a trademark or registered trademark of the Myers-Briggs Type RM 3-23Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries.
  • Some Key Words Associated with Judging Perceiving 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Organized Flexible Decision Information Control Experience Now Later Closure Options Deliberate Spontaneous Plan Wait 56
  • We Have a Preference We all use Judging and Perceiving as part of our lifestyle. But we usually do not use them 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright with equal comfort. Most of us have a preference for one over the other. 57
  • Personality Type When combined, your preferences indicate your personality type. 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright 58
  • Exercise . . . [ S / N] Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright59 2012
  • Type Application - 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - CopyrightCareer Development 60
  • Career & Type Waterfront…..•Occupational Choice 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright•Occupational Satisfaction 61
  • Factors, Factors … &Choice / Satisfaction• “Type” not “magic bullet”• Physical & mental• Interests 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Values• Family• Geography• Market 62• Skills
  • Factors, Factors…&Choice / Satisfaction (cont) • Job • Organization • Pay 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright • Benefits • Supervision • Leadership • Co-workers 63 • Advancement
  • Ethical Caveat “To expect the MBTI instrument or any other instrument to provide all of the answers to a career search is 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright improbable and unrealistic. It can be only part of the puzzle in finding one’s life’s work.”MBTI Manual, 3d Ed., page 286 64
  • Basic Questions• Who Am I?• What Do I Want To Do? 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• How Can I Increase My Job Satisfaction? 65• How Do I Get There From Here?
  • Who Am I? • Direction of Energy • Gathering Information 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright • Making Decisions • Dealing With Outer World 66
  • My Preferences at WorkDirection of Energy [E / I]• Like to talk • I want to think over each step about my career of career options on my 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright search? own?• I will best • I will make discover what I decision after want by talking solitary over with reflection? 67 others?
  • My Preferences at Work -Gathering Information [S / N]• Most interested • More interested in the facts in job’s about job – potential – not 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright salary, benefits, current reality? location? • Want to get on• Want it now? a good career path? 68
  • My Preferences at Work -Making Decisions [T / F]• Must be made • My choice will by logical reflect what or analysis? who is most 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• I will rationally important now? consider all the • Must consider alternatives to how decision make “right” affects me and choice? significant 69 others?
  • My Preferences at Work -Outside World [J / P]• Plan to achieve • I wonder where goal in “x” I’ll be in “x” months….. months….. 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• My career goal • My career goal is “endpoint” is the starting on a carefully point on a charted time flexible time line…. line…… 70
  • What Do I Want To Do?• Do I want to work as part of a group or team? [E]• Work alone or one-on-one? [I] 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright ***• Use concrete facts or hard date? [S]• Develop new possibilities? [N] 71
  • What Do I Want To Do? (cont)• Use logical, objective analysis? [T]• Use subjective, person-centered values? [F] 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright ***• Create organization and structure? [J]• Be spontaneous and adaptable? [P] 72
  • How Can I Increase My JobSatisfaction?• Remember, exact fit is “rare”• Degrees of fit….• Some aspects, leverage preferences…. 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Other aspects, work “against the grain” needed….• Prepare for expected differences/challenges….• Alter your job…. 73• Adapt to your job…
  • Alter Job .....Reality Rules….• Create niche, leverage most productive use of preferences 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Take on tasks most consistent with preferences• Affinity groups 74
  • Adapt to Job• Current reality rules “rule”…..• Can’t become another “type”, but expand choices within span of control 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Work on understanding / communication• Understand exactly what is required …. Adapt• Find other opportunities to express preferences 75
  • Getting There From Here…..•Goals discussed, set•Gather information – 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Assessment & generating and researching Options•Making decisions & Take action 76
  • Goal Setting…..• Long term• Short term• Goals established – Sensing / 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Intuition• Goals worked out – Judging / Perceiving 77
  • Goals Established… [ S / N ]• List steps and explain • Explain model & how sequentially parts interact and• Practical examples mesh• Show concrete • Metaphors and 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright applications & analogies immediate results • Show possibilities and potential of the process 78
  • Goals Worked Out … [ J / P ]• Specify and clarify • Follow through in results to be open-ended manner accomplished • Plans loose• Create plan – • Deadlines approached 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright organize and last minute – rush at accomplish activities end• Deadlines, start early, pace activities 79
  • Assessment + Options [S / N]• Realistic, practical, • Many, and from a link w/ experience broad range of work• Focus on realities areas• Relevant facts and • Brainstorming 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright details about work • Focus on future 80
  • Decisions . . . [T / F]• Weigh pros and cons • Weigh options –• Check whether personal, subjective option is reasonable beliefs, values• Remain objective • Assess impact on 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Analyze logical others consequences • Consider who will• Look at principles support decision involved • Consider likes, dislikes 81
  • Taking Action … [J / P]• Facilitate strategy of • Facilitate strategy of decide, act, and then trying things out and correct or adjust gathering information course before deciding 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright 82
  • Career Development –Getting There… Recap• Each client unique• Process individualized• Process generally involves 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright • Assessment • Generate and research options • Goal setting • Decide • Act 83• Time spent and emphasis varies by client
  • Conclusion Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright84 2012
  • Constructive Use of Differences ®Isabel Myers’ goal for type and the MBTIinstrument:• Becoming aware of differences• Acknowledging the value of differences 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Practicing new behaviours, seeking out others with differences• Incorporating different perspectives into our own processes 85
  • About the MBTI Instrument ®• An indicator—not a test• Looks only at normal behavior• Forced-choice questions 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Takes about 20–40 minutes to complete• No right or wrong answers—answer as you see fit• Results are confidential• Ownership of data 86
  • About the MBTI Instrument (cont.) ®• There are no good or bad types—all types have some natural strengths and some possible pitfalls or blind spots.• The instrument gives practical results 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright you can use: • In teamwork • In communication • In decision making 87
  • MBTI® Benefits to Organizations• Reliable, valid, cost-effective, easy to use• Logical model of consistent human behavior• Reduce conflict….objective, rational framework 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright• Emphasizes value of diversity• Identify assets/blind spots: persons/teams• Understand organizational character• Clarify fit – people & jobs 88• Ethical guidelines support use
  • MBTI® Benefits to Organizations • Leadership development • Team building 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright • Career development • Communication • Conflict management 89
  • Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright90 2012
  • Going on . . . . “Whatever the circumstances of your life, whatever your personal ties, work, responsibilities, the 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright understanding of type can make your perceptions clearer, your judgments sounder, and your life closer to your heart’s desire.” Isabel Briggs Myers 91
  • References– Myers-Briggs & MBTI®Dunning, Donna (2005). Type and career development: Facilitating personal and professional development. Mountain View CA: CPP, Inc.Hammer, A.L. (1993). Introduction to Type and Careers. Mountain View CA: CPP, Inc.Kummerow, J.M., Barger, N.J., Kirby, L.K. (1997). WorkTypes: Understand your work personality – how it helps you and holds you back, and what you can do to understand it. 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright New York: Business Plus.Myers, I.B., (1980). Gifts differing. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologist’s Press.Pearman, R., Albritton, S. (2010). I’m not crazy, I’m just not you: the real meaning of the 16 personality types: secrets to how we can be so alike when we’re so different (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Nicholas Brealy.Quenk, N. (2002). Was that really me? How everyday stress brings out our hidden personality. Boston: Davies-Black 92 Publishing.
  • Web References – MBTI® www.aptinternational.org - Assoc. for Psychological Type Intl. http://www.annholm.net/ Ann Holm, MS ACC, Master MBTI 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright www.capt.org – Center for Applications of Psychological Type www.cpp.com – CPP, Inc. f/k/a Consulting Psychologist Press www.myersbriggs.org – Myers Briggs 93 Foundation
  • Thank you very much. Thoughts? 2012 Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright Questions? Feelings? 94
  • Thank You• This is a brief introduction and overview of “Normal Personality” as defined by Carl Jung and Myers-Briggs and the MBTI® Type Indicator.• Please check out the references noted above and also the web sites if you have interest. Dan DeFoe JD MS - Copyright 2012 Thank you very much.Dan DeFoe, JD MSwww.adlitemsolutions.comBlog – www.psycholawlogy.comdan@adlitemsolutions.com 95Certified Administrator MBTI® Steps I,II,III