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grammar ppt grammar ppt Presentation Transcript

  • ENGLISH I (Bahasa Inggris Teknik) Goals General Instructional Objective: Students are able to communicate their ideas or opinions by using simple principles of English sentences in their daily live activities communicatively Specific Instructional Objectives: -Students are able to understand the simple principles of English sentences -Students are able to produce or apply the formulas on expressing their ideas or opinions-Students are able to create more creative sentences based on the formulas -Students are able to share communicative sentences to one another correctly and communicatively
  • TENSESThere are eight Tenses that we are going to learn for talking about science and technology cases; and they are divided into three major tenses:1. Present Tenses2. Past Tenses3. Future Tenses
  • Present Tenses• Simple PresentSubject + Verb 1 (+es/s) + (Object/Adverbs/Adjective)Examples: You eat an apple everyday She goes to schoolSubject + do/does + not + Verb 1 + (Object/Adverbs)Examples: You do not eat an apple everyday She does not go to schoolDo/Does + Subject + Verb 1 + (Object/Adverbs)?Examples: Do you eat an apple everyday? Does she go to school?
  • Present Tenses• Present ContinuousSubject + is, am, are + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti is studying English now I am playing in the yard They are writing a poemSubject + is, am, are + not + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti is not studying English now I am not playing in the yard They are not writing a poemIs, Am, Are + Subject + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)?Examples: Is Siti studying English now? Am I playing in the yard? Are they writing a poem?
  • Present Tenses• Present PerfectSubject + have/has + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: We have done the homework for 2 hours He has played cards since 9 P. MSubject + have/has + not + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: We have not done the homework for 2 hours He has not played cards since 9 P. MHave/Has + Subject + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)?Examples: Have we done the homework for 2 hours? Has he played cards since 9 P. M?
  • Usage• Simple PresentIt is used for expressing daily activities or habitual actions; or general truthsExamples: I take a bath at 6 in the morning The sun rises at the east• Present ContinuousIt is used for expressing the action that is happening now, at this time or at present.Example: We are studying English• Present PerfectIt is used for expressing an action that has happened in the past but still happening now. Examples: You and I have eaten for half an hour
  • AssignmentTelling about:• Daily activities (in a day)• Something is going on today• Things I have done for my future
  • Past Tenses• Simple PastSubject + Verb 2 + (Object/Adverbs/Adjective)Examples: You ate an apple yesterday She went to schoolSubject + did + not + Verb 1 + (Object/Adverbs)Examples: You did not eat an apple yesterday She did not go to schoolDid + Subject + Verb 1 + (Object/Adverbs)?Examples: Did you eat an apple everyday? Did she go to school?
  • Past Tenses• Past ContinuousSubject + was/were + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti was studying when he came I was playing cards at this time yesterday They were writing while she was sleepingSubject + was/were + not + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti was not studying when he came I was not playing at this time yesterday They were not writing while she was sleepingWas/Were + Subject + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)?Examples: Was Siti studying when he came? Were they writing while she was sleeping?
  • Past Tenses• Past PerfectSubject + had + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti had studied English last year I had played cards before went to schoolSubject + had + not + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti had not studied English I had not played yesterdayHad + Subject + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)?Examples: Had Siti studied English before went abroad? Had they written a letter last night?
  • Usage• Simple PastIt is used for expressing an action that happened in the pastExample: I did my homework last night• Past Continuous1. It is used for expressing an action that was happening in the pastExample: I was doing my homework when he came2. It is used for expressing an action that was happening on a specific point of time in the pastExample: We were singing at 10 o’clock yesterday
  • Usage• Past Continuous3. It is used for expressing two actions that were happening at the same time in the pastExample: He was reading while she was sleeping• Past PerfectIt is used for expressing an action that had happened and completely done in the pastExample: I had done my homework last night
  • AssignmentWriting about:• Past time experiences• My sweetest memory• My nightmare
  • Future Tenses • Simple Future Subject + will/shall + Verb 1 + (Obj/Adv/Adj) Examples: They will go to the market tomorrow She shall go to the doctor next week • Future of Intention Subject + to be + going to + Verb 1 + (Obj/Adv/Adj) Examples: We are going to do our homework tonight John is going to fix the radio later
  • Usage• Simple FutureIt is used for expressing an action that will happen in the future, but it is not really going to be happened according to the meaning of:Dina has lots of money. She will buy a new house. She will buy some new clothes. She will buy a new car. She will go to Bali, etc.I will fly to Australia two months laterSapto has a very bad stomached. His friend says that he shall go to the doctor, or he shall take some medicinesWill shows: telling plan and something that has been scheduled. Shall shows: giving advice or suggestion.
  • Usage• Future of IntentionIt is used for showing our intention on doing something, orExample: What ever will be, I am going to do my homework tonight.Showing certainty of something that is going to be happened and no one can prevent it.Examples: He is going to sneeze Those cars are going to crash!
  • Assignment• Make a group of three members• Each member should give a problem, and they should give a kind of suggestion to solve the problem; or• Each member should express his/her plan on doing some things,• Finally, they will retell what the member will/shall do to each other.
  • References• Basic Grammar• Grammar and Composition• Grammar in Action