ENGLISH I (Bahasa Inggris Teknik) Goals General Instructional Objective: Students are able to communicate their ideas or opinions by using simple principles of English sentences in their daily live activities communicatively Specific Instructional Objectives: -Students are able to understand the simple principles of English sentences -Students are able to produce or apply the formulas on expressing their ideas or opinions-Students are able to create more creative sentences based on the formulas -Students are able to share communicative sentences to one another correctly and communicatively
TENSESThere are eight Tenses that we are going to learn for talking about science and technology cases; and they are divided into three major tenses:1. Present Tenses2. Past Tenses3. Future Tenses
Present Tenses• Simple PresentSubject + Verb 1 (+es/s) + (Object/Adverbs/Adjective)Examples: You eat an apple everyday She goes to schoolSubject + do/does + not + Verb 1 + (Object/Adverbs)Examples: You do not eat an apple everyday She does not go to schoolDo/Does + Subject + Verb 1 + (Object/Adverbs)?Examples: Do you eat an apple everyday? Does she go to school?
Present Tenses• Present ContinuousSubject + is, am, are + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti is studying English now I am playing in the yard They are writing a poemSubject + is, am, are + not + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti is not studying English now I am not playing in the yard They are not writing a poemIs, Am, Are + Subject + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)?Examples: Is Siti studying English now? Am I playing in the yard? Are they writing a poem?
Present Tenses• Present PerfectSubject + have/has + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: We have done the homework for 2 hours He has played cards since 9 P. MSubject + have/has + not + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: We have not done the homework for 2 hours He has not played cards since 9 P. MHave/Has + Subject + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)?Examples: Have we done the homework for 2 hours? Has he played cards since 9 P. M?
Usage• Simple PresentIt is used for expressing daily activities or habitual actions; or general truthsExamples: I take a bath at 6 in the morning The sun rises at the east• Present ContinuousIt is used for expressing the action that is happening now, at this time or at present.Example: We are studying English• Present PerfectIt is used for expressing an action that has happened in the past but still happening now. Examples: You and I have eaten for half an hour
AssignmentTelling about:• Daily activities (in a day)• Something is going on today• Things I have done for my future
Past Tenses• Simple PastSubject + Verb 2 + (Object/Adverbs/Adjective)Examples: You ate an apple yesterday She went to schoolSubject + did + not + Verb 1 + (Object/Adverbs)Examples: You did not eat an apple yesterday She did not go to schoolDid + Subject + Verb 1 + (Object/Adverbs)?Examples: Did you eat an apple everyday? Did she go to school?
Past Tenses• Past ContinuousSubject + was/were + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti was studying when he came I was playing cards at this time yesterday They were writing while she was sleepingSubject + was/were + not + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti was not studying when he came I was not playing at this time yesterday They were not writing while she was sleepingWas/Were + Subject + Verb-ing + (Obj/Adv/Adj)?Examples: Was Siti studying when he came? Were they writing while she was sleeping?
Past Tenses• Past PerfectSubject + had + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti had studied English last year I had played cards before went to schoolSubject + had + not + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)Examples: Siti had not studied English I had not played yesterdayHad + Subject + Verb 3 + (Obj/Adv/Adj)?Examples: Had Siti studied English before went abroad? Had they written a letter last night?
Usage• Simple PastIt is used for expressing an action that happened in the pastExample: I did my homework last night• Past Continuous1. It is used for expressing an action that was happening in the pastExample: I was doing my homework when he came2. It is used for expressing an action that was happening on a specific point of time in the pastExample: We were singing at 10 o’clock yesterday
Usage• Past Continuous3. It is used for expressing two actions that were happening at the same time in the pastExample: He was reading while she was sleeping• Past PerfectIt is used for expressing an action that had happened and completely done in the pastExample: I had done my homework last night
AssignmentWriting about:• Past time experiences• My sweetest memory• My nightmare
Future Tenses • Simple Future Subject + will/shall + Verb 1 + (Obj/Adv/Adj) Examples: They will go to the market tomorrow She shall go to the doctor next week • Future of Intention Subject + to be + going to + Verb 1 + (Obj/Adv/Adj) Examples: We are going to do our homework tonight John is going to fix the radio later
Usage• Simple FutureIt is used for expressing an action that will happen in the future, but it is not really going to be happened according to the meaning of:Dina has lots of money. She will buy a new house. She will buy some new clothes. She will buy a new car. She will go to Bali, etc.I will fly to Australia two months laterSapto has a very bad stomached. His friend says that he shall go to the doctor, or he shall take some medicinesWill shows: telling plan and something that has been scheduled. Shall shows: giving advice or suggestion.
Usage• Future of IntentionIt is used for showing our intention on doing something, orExample: What ever will be, I am going to do my homework tonight.Showing certainty of something that is going to be happened and no one can prevent it.Examples: He is going to sneeze Those cars are going to crash!
Assignment• Make a group of three members• Each member should give a problem, and they should give a kind of suggestion to solve the problem; or• Each member should express his/her plan on doing some things,• Finally, they will retell what the member will/shall do to each other.
References• Basic Grammar• Grammar and Composition• Grammar in Action