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English holiday homework

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  • 1. WRITTEN BY – Aditya 7A
  • 2. SUMMARY OF THE LESSON
  • 3.  IN the old, old days, there lived an honest man with his wife, who had a favourite dog, which they used to feed with fish and titbits from their own kitchen.
  • 4. One day, as the old folks went out to work in their garden, the dog went with them, and began playing about. All of a sudden, the dog stopped short, and began to bark, "Bow, wow, wow!" wagging his tail violently.
  • 5. The old people thought that there must be something nice to eat under the ground, so they brought a spade and began digging, when, lo and behold! the place was full of gold pieces and silver, and all sorts of precious things, which had been buried there
  • 6. So they gathered the treasure together, and, after giving alms to the poor, bought themselves ricefields and corn-fields, and became wealthy people.
  • 7. Now, in the next house there dwelt a covetous and stingy old man and woman, who, when they heard what had happened, came and borrowed the dog, and, having taken him home, prepared a great feast for him, and said—
  • 8. "If you please, Mr. Dog, we should be much obliged to you if you would show us a place with plenty of money in it."
  • 9. The dog, however, who up to that time had received nothing but cuffs and kicks from his hosts, would not eat any of the dainties which they set before him; so the old people began to get cross, and, putting a rope round the dog's neck, led him out into the garden.
  • 10. But it was all in vain; let them lead him where they might, not a sound would the dog utter: he had no "bow-wow" for them.
  • 11. At last, however, the dog stopped at a certain spot, and began to sniff; so, thinking that this must surely be the lucky place, they dug, and found nothing but a quantity of dirt and nasty offal, over which they had to hold their noses. Furious at being disappointed, the wicked old couple seized the dog, and killed him.
  • 12. When the good old man saw that the dog, whom he had lent, did not come home, he went next door to ask what had become of him; and the wicked old man answered that he had killed the dog, and buried him at the root of a pine-tree.
  • 13. So the good old fellow, with, a heavy heart, went to the spot, and, having set out a tray with delicate food, burnt incense, and adorned the grave with flowers, as he shed tears over his lost pet.
  • 14. But there was more good luck in store yet for the old people—the reward of their honesty and virtue. How do you think that happened, my children? It is very wrong to be cruel to dogs and cats.
  • 15. That night, when the good old man was fast asleep in bed, the dog appeared to him, and, after thanking him for all his kindness, said— "Cause the pine-tree, under which, I am buried, to be cut down and made into a mortar, and use it, thinking of it as if it were myself."
  • 16. The old man did as the dog had told him to do, and made a mortar out of the wood of the pinetree; but when he ground his rice in it, each grain of rice was turned into some rich treasure.
  • 17. When the wicked old couple saw this, they came to borrow the mortar; but no sooner did they try to use it, than all their rice was turned into filth; so, in a fit of rage, they broke up the mortar and burnt it.
  • 18. But the good old man, little suspecting that his precious mortar had been broken and burnt, wondered why his neighbours did not bring it back to him.
  • 19. One night the dog appeared to him again in a dream, and told him what had happened, adding that if he would take the ashes of the burnt mortar and sprinkle them on withered trees, the trees would revive, and suddenly put out flowers.
  • 20. After saying this the dream vanished, and the old man, who heard for the first time of the loss of his mortar, ran off weeping to the neighbours' house, and begged them, at any rate, to give him back the ashes of his treasure.
  • 21. Having obtained these, he returned home, and made a trial of their virtues upon a withered cherry-tree, which, upon being touched by the ashes, immediately began to sprout and blossom.
  • 22. A certain prince, hearing of this, and thinking it a mighty strange thing, sent for the old fellow, who showed his power by causing all the withered plum and cherry-trees to shoot out and put forth flowers. So the prince gave him a rich reward of pieces of silk and cloth and other presents, and sent him home rejoicing.
  • 23. So soon as the neighbours heard of this they collected all the ashes that remained, and, having put them in a basket, the wicked old man went out into the castle town, and gave out that he was the old man who had the power of reviving dead trees, and causing them to flower.
  • 24. He had not to wait long before he was called into the prince's palace, and ordered to exhibit his power. But when he climbed up into a withered tree, and began to scatter the ashes, not a bud nor a flower appeared; but the ashes all flew into the prince's eyes and mouth, blinding and choking him.
  • 25. When the prince's retainers saw this, they seized the old man, and beat him almost to death, so that he crawled off home in a very sorry plight. When he and his wife found out what a trap they had fallen into, they stormed and scolded and put themselves into a passion; but that did no good at all.
  • 26. The good old man and woman, so soon as they heard of their neighbours' distress, sent for them, and, after reproving them for their greed and cruelty, gave them a share of their own riches, which, by repeated strokes of luck, had now increased to a goodly sum. So the wicked old people mended their ways, and led good and virtuous lives ever after.
  • 27. 1 Who was living in the daimios with a dog as pet ? (a) A boy (b) An old couple (c) A young couple
  • 28. When the old couple become rich what did the do? (a) gave the dog better food (b) invited their neighbours to a feast (c) went to world tour
  • 29. 3 Who comes in the dream of the old couple (a) a dog (b) his own pet (c) a cat
  • 30. 4 Who rewarded the old man ? (a) daimios (b) a queen (c) his neighbour (d) daimios
  • 31. 5 Who punished the neighbours ? (a) the dog (b) the old couple (c) daimios
  • 32. ANS 1 - (b) an old couple ANS 2 - (a) gave the dog better food ANS 3 - (b) his own pet ANS 4 - (a) daimios ANS 5 - (c) daimios
  • 33. Textbook Questions (Working with the text Question 1. The old farmer is a kind person. What evidence of his kindness do you find in the first two paragraphs? Answer. The old farmer is a kind person. Having no children. he made a little dog named Muko, his baby. The couple used to feed him with tidbits of fish from their own chopsticks and all the boiled Rice he wanted. They treated him nicely. The farmer was patient and kind to everything that had life and often turned up a sod on purpose to give food to the birds. Question 2. What did the dog do to lead the farmer to the hidden gold? Answer. The dog took the old man to a place and began starching it. The old man thought there might be a buried bone or bit of fish, thus struck his hoe in the earth and found the hidden gold.
  • 34. Question 3. (i) How did the spirit of the dog help the farmer first? (ii) How did it help him next? Answer. (i) the spirit of the dog appeared to the farmer in a dream and asked him to cut down the pine three over his gave and to make a mortar for rice pastry and a mill for bean sauce from it. (ii) Once again the spirit of the dog spoke to the farmer and told him how the wicked neighbours had burnt the mill made from the pine tree. He asked him to take the ashes of the mill, to sprinkle them on the withered trees, and that they would bloom again. Question 4. Why did the daimio reward the farmer but punish the neighbor for the same act? Answer. The farmer had the magical ashes which on sprinkling on the withered cherry tree bloomed it. On seeing the act the daimio became very happy and rewarded the farmer but his neighbour didn't have magic in the ashes on a withered cherry tree but the ashes went into the eyes and nose of the diamino got angry and punished the neighbour for his act.
  • 35. Working with the Language Question 1.Read the following conversation. RAVI : what are you doing? MRIDU : I'm reading a book. RAVI : Who wrote it? MRIDU : Ruskin Bond. RAVI : Where did you find? MRIDU : In the library. Notice that 'what', 'who', 'where', are question words. Question that require information begin with question words. Some other question words are 'when', 'why', 'where', 'which', and 'how'. Remember that
  • 36. Read the following paragraph and frame questions on the italicized phrases. Anil is in the school. I am in school too. Anil is sitting in the left row. He is reading book. Anil's friend is sitting in the second row. He is sharpeninghis pencil. The teacher is writing in the blackboard. Children are writing in their copybooks. Some children are looking out of the window. Answer. (i) Where is Anil? (ii) Where is Anil sitting? (iii) What is he doing? (iv) Where is Anil's friend sitting? (v) What is his friend doing? (vi) Who is writing in the black board? (vii) What are some children doing.
  • 37. Question 2. Write the appropriate question words in the blank spaces in the follwing dialogue. Neha : ____ did you get this book? Sheela : Yesterday morning. Neha : ____ is your sister crying? Sheela : Because she has lost her doll. Neha : ____ room is this, yours or hers? Sheela : It's our. Neha : ____ do you go to school? Sheela : We walk to school. It is near by. Answer. Neha : when did you get this book? Sheela : Yesterday morning. Neha : why is your sister crying? Sheela : Because she has lost her doll. Neha : who's room is this, yours or hers? Sheela : It's our. Neha : How do you go to school?
  • 38. uestion 3. Fill in the blanks with the words given in the ox. ow what when where which ) My fried lost his Chemistry book. Now he doesn't now ____ to do and ____ to look for it. i) There are so many toys in the shops. Neena can't ecide ____ one to buy. ii) You don't know the way to my school. Ask the oliceman ____ to get there. v) You should decide soon ____ to start building your ouse. v) Do you know ____ to ride a biycycle? I don't emember ____ and ____ I learnt it. vi) "You should know ____ to talk and ____ to keep our mouth shut," the teacher advised Anil.
  • 39. Question 6. Encircle the correct answer. Nina was looking for {(a)/the} job. After many interviews she got {a/(the)} job she was looking for. A : Would you like {a/an/the} apple or {a/an/the} banana? B : I'd like {a/an/the} apple please. A : Take {a/an/the} red one in {a/an/the} fruit bowl.You may take {a/an/the} orange also, if you like. B : Which one? A : {A/An/The} one beside {a/an/the} banana. Answer. A : Would you like {a/(an)/the} apple or {(a)/an/the} banana? B : I'd like {a/(an)/the} apple please. A : Take {a/an/(the)} red one in {a/an/(the)} fruit bowl.You may take {a/(an)/the} orange also, if you like. B : Which one? A : {A/An/(The)} one beside {a/an/(the)} banana.
  • 40. Answer. (i) My fried lost his Chemistry book. Now he doesn't know what to do andwhere to look for it. (ii) There are so many toys in the shops. Neena can't decide which one to buy. (iii) You don't know the way to my school. Ask the policeman how to get there. (iv) You should decide soon when to start building your house. (v) Do you know how to ride a biycycle? I don't remember when andwhere I learnt it. (vi) "You should know how to talk and when to keep your mouth shut," the teacher advised Anil.
  • 41. and use them in place of the italicised words in the sentences given below. patient proper possible senstive competent (i) The project appears very difficult at first sight but it can be completed if we work very hard. (ii) He lacks competence. That why he can't keep any job for more than a year. (iii) "Don't lose patience. Your letter will come one day", the postman told me. (iv) That's not a proper remark to make under the circumstances. (v) He appears to be without sensitivity. In fact, He is very emotional.
  • 42. Answer. (i) The project appears impossible at first sight but it can be completed if we work very hard. (ii) He is incompetent. That's why he can't keep any for more than a year. (iii) "Don't be impatient. Your letter will come one day", the postman told me. (iv) That's an improper remark to make under the circumstances. (v) He appears to be insensitive. In fact, He is very emotional.
  • 43. Question 5. Read the following sentences: It was a cols morning and stars still glowed in the sky. An old man was walking along the road. The words in italics are articles. "A" and "an" are indefinite articles and "the" is the definite article. "A" is used before a singular countable noun. "An" is used before a word that begins with a vowel. (i) a boy (i) an actor (ii) a mango (ii) an apple (iii) a university (iii) an hour Use a,an or the in the blanks There was once _____ play which became very successful. _____ famous actor was acting in it. In _____ play his role was that of _____ aristocrat who had been imprisoned in _____ castle for twenty years. In _____ last act of _____ play someone would come on _____ stage with _____ letter which he would hand over to _____ prisoner. Even though _____ aristocrat was not expected
  • 44. Answer. There was once a play which became very successful. A famous actor was acting in it. In the play his role was that of an aristocrat who had been imprisoned in a castle for twenty years. In the last act of the play someone would come on the stage with a letter which he would hand over to the prisoner. Even though the aristocrat was not expected to readthe letter at each performance, he always insisted that the letter be written out from beginning to end.
  • 45. MADE BY – Aditya 7A