A Presentation on MACINTOSH [MAC OS]BY:TRY APPLE’S MAC FOR A CHANGE
CONTENTS History of Mac. Introduction to Mac. Decline of Mac. Revival of Mac. Features of the latest MAC Advantages of Macintosh Disadvantages of Macintosh Conclusion
HISTORY OF MAC The Macintosh project began in the late 1970s with Jeff Ruskin, an Apple employeewho envisioned an easy-to-use, low-cost computer for the average consumer. Hewanted to name the computer after his favorite type of apple, the McIntosh. Steve Jobs requested a release of the name so that Apple could use it, but was denied,forcing Apple to eventually buy the rights to use the name. The development of Macbegan in 1979. The development team of Mac included Ruskin, Atkinson and Smith, George Crow,Chris Espinosa, Joanna Hoffman, Bruce Horn, Susan Kare, Andy Herzfeld,Guy Kawasaki, Daniel Kottke and Jerry Manock Smiths first Macintosh board was built to Ruskins design specifications: it had 64kilobytes (kB) of RAM, 25MB Hard drive used the Motorola 6809E microprocessor,and was capable of supporting a 256×256-pixel black-and-white bitmap display. By December 1980 Apple succeeded in increasing speed from 5Mhz to 8Mhz andRAM (Random access memory) from 128 KB to 256 KB and made sure that theyincreased the pixel quality from 384×256 CRT display. Then finally the pixel capacity was increased to512x342 monochrome display whichperformed exceeding their expectations.
INTRODUCTION TO APPLE’S MAC The Macintosh marketed as Mac, is a line of personal computers (PCs)designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It is targeted mainly atthe home, education, and creative professional markets, and includes thedescendants of the original iMac. Production of the Mac is based on a vertical integration model. Apple facilitates all aspects of its hardware and creates its own operatingsystem that is pre-installed on all Mac computers Apple exclusively produces Mac hardware, choosing internal systems,designs, and depending on the investment made they decide the prices. So far the costliest laptop released by apple’s is Macbook Pro Air. Apple manufactures device with all self financed components except forgraphic cards where it uses some third party components such as graphicsubsystems of NVIDIA, Geforce , INTEL and also AMD Sempron.
DECILNE OF MAC The Apple’s Mac ruled the world ofcomputers till 1990, carried the fame allover the world though they were pricedvery high. IN 1990 Microsoft released a newOperating platform which is very lessexpensive when compared to apple’s Mac,and also the Operating system released byapple was not as user friendly asMicrosofts Windows 3.0. Then apple released exclusively a range ofMacs in October 1990 to stay In market,and invested a lot on advertising theirproducts. But Microsofts series of windowscompletely dominated and took over themarket in early 1990’s. As a result there was a kind of tug of warbetween Apple and Microsoft.
REVIVAL OF MAC In 1998, Apple introduced its new iMac which, like the original128K Mac, was an all-in-one computer. Its translucent plasticcase, originally Bondi blue and later various additional colors,is considered an industrial design landmark of the late 1990s. This device also provided a CD ROM reader for installingsoftware replacing the floppy drive. The only problem was the device was incapable of writingmedia to other CD ROM’S as this was explained by apple as tostop piracy of the software. The iMac proved to be phenomenally successful, with 800,000 unitssold in 139 days ,by which the annual profit reachedtoUS$309 million, Apples first profitable year since MichaelSpindler took over as CEO in 1995 . By September more than 140000 pre orders were placed whichproved to be huge success and by end of October, the product provedto be a huge hit in the worldwide market, and regained the controlover the market. Thus the Mac revived and survived and continued to rule the market.
Features of the today’s MACMAC The current Mac product family uses Intel x86-64processors. All current Mac models ship with at least 2 GBof RAM as standard. Current Mac computers use ATI Radeon or NVIDIAGeforce graphics cards as well as Intel graphics built intothe main CPU. All current Macs (except for the Macbook Air, Mac Mini,and Macbook Pro with Retina Display) ship with anoptical media drive that includes a dual-function DVD/CDburner. Apple refers to this as a SuperDrive. Macbook Pro, iMac, Macbook Air, and Mac Minicomputers now also feature the "Thunderbolt" port,which Apple says can transfer data at speeds up to 10gigabits per second. Starting with the then-new iMac G5, released in October2005, Apple started to include built-in iSight cameras onappropriate models, and a media center interfacecalled Front Row that can be operated by an AppleRemote or keyboard for accessing media stored on thecomputer.
ADVANTAGES OF MACINTOSH The specifications of the Mac definitely prove how fast it is, and there is noneed to check the speed using some software. Almost all the Macbooks are now provided with a camera which can be usedfor video calling or for Skype. The USB ports are available which support speeds up to 10giga bits persecond and as a result the data transfer takes place within seconds. Each and every Macbook is provided is WIFI certified and net can accessed toperfection. Apple uses HyperCard and MultiFinder by which multitasking comes intoexistence. Mac OS continued to evolve up to version 9.2.2, including the addition of a nanokernel and support for Multiprocessing Services 2.0 in Mac OS 8.6. Initially MAC was developed in the Pascal programming language, it wassubstantially rewritten in C++ for System 7. From its beginnings on an 8 MHzmachine with 128 KB of RAM, it had grown to support Apples latest 1 GHz G4-equipped Macs.
DISADVANTAGES of MACINTOSH THE Mac OS is quite popular in the western nations and not very muchpopular in the Asian countries and only 27% of the people use Mac. Microsoft’s windows supports a wide range of formats for playing videos,music but in case of Apple’s Mac doesn’t support as many as Windowsdoes. The Mac OS is so expensive even now that a common man cannotafford it. In the world nearly 62% of the people use Microsoft’s windows andremaining 38% use Mac OS, as a result the exchange of data becomesdifficult as the two Operating systems have different format ofexecutable files. If the Mac OS is met with some software malfunctioning, it is difficult totroubleshoot as it is not very user friendly. The Mac Os requires professional users for its full fledged use.
CONCLUSION MACINTOSH OR MAC IS AN OPERATINGSYSTEM WHICH IS TO BE OPERATED BYA PROFESSIONAL USER IF NOT THEAMATEUR’S REPORT PROBLEMS. THERE IS A NEED TO PROVIDE STUDYON HOW TO USE MAC OS; AS IT CANMAKE AN AMATEUR TRANSFORM IN TOA PROFESSIONAL. THE BASE FOR THE MAC OS IS C++ , IF APERSON IS FAMILIAR WITH THEKNOWLEDGE OF C++,THEN HE/SHE CANCREATE APPS FOR MAC OS AS THEYALWAYS FALL SHORT OF APPS ANDRESOURCES. SO THE FUTURE OF THE COMPUTERSCIENCE ENGINEERING STUDENTS LIESIN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE APPS OFMACINTOSH, IF HE IS INTRESTED INMAC OS.