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Learning and e learning
 

Learning and e learning

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    Learning and e learning Learning and e learning Presentation Transcript

    •  Learning is the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, practice, or study, or by being taught. E-learning is Internet-enabled learning http://www.cisco.com
    • TheoryConstructive AlignmentConstructivist Theory
    • Presentation on Learning Theory andPedagogical Design in e-Learning Theory. Prepared by: Azada Maqsoodi 08 February, 2013
    • Learning Theory and Pedagogical Design1. The Associationist Perspective2. The Cognitive Perspective3. The Situative Perspective
    • Learning Theory and Pedagogical Design Certain Traditions in Educational theory derived from different IdeasTheory as set of compatible explanation Competing Ideas for the same Phe Theory Theory Theory Theory Phenomena Phenomena Phenomena Phenomena
    • Learning Theory and Pedagogical DesignThe approach of Greeno et al. (1996) which identified 3 Clusters or Broad Perspectives;1. The Associationist Perspective2. The Cognitive Perspective3. The Situative Perspective
    • The Associationist Perspective The associationist approach models learning as the gradual building of patterns of associations and skill components. The learning happened through connecting elementary mental and behavoural units by different activities/feedback. Associationist theory requires subject matter to be analyzed (developed by Gagne “1985”) Analyzed; 1. Discriminations 2. Classification 3. Response sequences SeparatingLearning tasks are arranged based on their complexity as per the task analysis, with simpler components as prerequisites. Showing connecting
    • The Associationist Perspective The Associationist Theory Neural Network Theory (Hinton 1992) It models knowledge states as patterns of activation in a network of elementary units. This approach is not applied to educational issues, although it is very significant. It suggests as analysis of knowledge, rather than in term of task components Connecting Basic Ideas
    • The Associationist Perspective The Associationist TheoryNeural Network Theory (Hinton 1992)
    • Thanks a lot from your closeattention to my presentation.
    • Cognitive Perspective  Perception, thinking,GENERAL language & reasoning became seen as output of individual’sSHIFT IN attention, memory & concept formation processes.1960S  Gave rise to new approaches to pedagogy.
    • Sub-area of cognitive researchHighlighted as  Knowledge acquisition wasparticularly viewed as the outcome of an interaction between newinfluential e.g experiences & the structuresschema theory, for understanding that haveinformation been already taken.processing etc.,
    • PIAGET’SASSUMTION  Vygotsky’s emphasis (1978)  Duffy & Cunningham (1996)
    • BUILDING EXPERTISEActivities of constructing:1. Interaction with material systems & concepts in the domain.2. Interactions in which learners discuss their developing, understanding with competence.
    • SITUATIVE PERSPECTIVE Subjected to social & cultural influences Shifts onto patterns of successful practice.
    • Barab & Duffy (2000) distinguishes asSocio-psychological viewConcept of a community of practice
    • Lave & Wenger (1991) It is not just the meaning  CMC – Computer to be attached to an Meditated activity….. Communication. ………. Relationship to the community itself
    • Social -anthropologicalSituatednessrelationship
    • Overt activityInclude Blended Element
    • Focus on different perspective Learning as iterativeProceeds from Novice to Expert Pedagogy based
    • Three perspectives as cycle
    • Application of the New Learning Current landscape e-learning another kind of model suggest itself Start with social – motivation- community and peers-situative perspective Gradually, personal ownership of the learning activities become necessary for the derivation of meaning and construction of understanding
    • The TESEP Project Scottish e-learning transformation project Effective –learning through application of a pedagogy Raising awareness and skill level in internet- based learning