Introduction Robotics is the branch of technology Deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufactureApplication of robots and computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
History The first actual robot was a paint spraying mechanism and was invented in 1938.The book Isaac Asimov wrote in 1942 in which he presented the Three Laws of Robotics was called Runaround.
The Three Laws First Law A robot may not injure a humanbeing, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
The Three Laws cont.. Second LawA robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
The Three Laws cont.. Third LawA robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Types & Uses Of Robots1. Mobile Robots *Known as Automated Guided Vehicles *Used for the work of material transportation in large workplaces
Types & Uses Of Robots cont..2. Industrial Robots *Have more accuracy, speed, reliability as well as endurance * Have potential to replace humans in performing difficult tasks
Types & Uses Of Robots cont..3. Telerobots *They function at places, which are not safe or inaccessible for humans *Used for exploration of space *Used for construction of spaceships, maintenance of satellites
Types & Uses Of Robots cont..4. Robots in agriculture *Used to pick apples, gather harvest, plant seeds and transplant seedlings
Types & Uses Of Robots cont..5. Service Robots * Used for military purposes *Perform underwater tasks *Clean harmful materials *Used in house cleaning *Caring of elders *For entertainment
Advantages1. Quality * improve product quality *applications are performed with precision and high repeatability every time2. Production *increase in production * have the ability to work at a constant speed without pausing for breaks
Advantages cont..3. Safety * increase workplace safety *perform dangerous applications in safe way4. Savings *offer untiring performance which saves valuable time *less material is wasted
Disadvantages1. Expenses * initial investment is expensive *regular maintenance is expensive2. Expertise *trained employees required3. Safety *presence of robot can cause safety problems in some critical situation