Chapter 1 Concept of Civilization

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Chapter 1 Concept of Civilization

  1. 1. CONCEPT OF CIVILIZATION UTT1022 ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION AND ASIAN CIVILIZATION (TITAS) ADIBAH SULAIMAN @ MOHAMAD Centre of Core Studies, USIM Room No.: A3 066 (FEM) Phone No. : 06-7988 6366 Email: GOALS/ FB1
  2. 2. SUBTOPICS Definition Of Civilization Study Of Civilization vsThe History Of Civilization Why Is Civilization Studied The Features Of Civilization Relationship • Religion • Culture • Nation2
  3. 3. THE DEFINITION OF CIVILIZATION 3
  4. 4. • Umran • Hadharah • Madaniyyah • Tamadun • Civilization • Peradaban TAMADUN’s terminology 4
  5. 5. DEFINITION CURRENT HIGH ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCEAND TECHNOLOGY ARABIC LANGUAGE TAMADDUN - MADDANA TO BUILD, TO CIVILIZE, & TO HUMANIZE HADHARAH TO SETTLE DOWN BADAWAH : NOMADISM & BADIYAH: BEDOUINS 5
  6. 6. IBN KHALDUN • CIVILIZATION • HADHARAH • UMRAN ROSENTHAL • CIVILIZATION • SEDENTARINESS • URBANIZATION 6 NATURE OF CIVILIZATION
  7. 7. TAMADUN purpose The same purpose with CIVILIZATION communal living conditions that increase a person to move forward Pioneer of the term JURJI ZAYDAN 7
  8. 8. THAQAFAH SOCIO-CULTURALACHIEVEMENTS FARIDWAJDI & MUHAMMAD‘ABDUH (MADANIYYAH) THE MATERIAL PROGRESS CITYAS CENTER OF CIVILIZATION MALEK BENNABI (TAMADUN) A PROGRESS INVARIOUS FIELDS ACHIEVINGAN IDEAL LIFE SYIRAZI (TAMADUN) THE PROBLEM OF POWER, GREATNESS, PROSPERITY and PROGRESS STUDY OFTHE HISTORY OF KNOWLEDGE, CIVILIZATION, PROGRESS, INDUSTRY & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 8
  9. 9. MALAY LANGUAGE TAMADUN (CIVILIZATION) • A high level of thinking with the standard of culture and with a smart level of thinking PERADABAN (CIVILIZATION) • the progress level in physical and spiritual lives SYED MUHAMMAD NAQUIBAL-ATTAS • to achieve the level of ethical values refinement and noble culture • noble personal and courtesy 9
  10. 10. TAMIL LANGUAGE NAKARIKAM NAKAR = 1. CITY 2.A SYMBOLIC MANIFESTATION OF GODTHE CREATOR (SIVA) IKAM = DEVELOPING CITY CHINESE LANGUAGE WENG MING MING = BRIGHT, LIGHT & LUMINOUS TRADITION,WISE THOUGHT, CLEAR UNDERSTANDING & TALK NICELY CIVILIZATION 10
  11. 11. CIVILIZATION JURJI ZAYDAN CIVITAS CIVIS DEVELOPING AND CIVILIZING DARCY RIBERIO SPIRITUALAND MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT OF DEVELOPING CITY WILL DEORAND PROGRESS / NEW CREATION FOR FUN & MAKE LIFE MORE EASY 11
  12. 12. TAMADUN (civilization) ACHIEVEMENT & EXCELLENCE INALLASPECTS OF HUMAN LIFE Material element system of value & ethic Spirituality element 12
  13. 13. STUDY OF CIVILIZATION VS THE HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION Civilization studies related to all disciplines Civilization studies are contemporary without being tied solely to the historiography Civilization studies evolve with changing and human achievements Civilization studies is alive & relevant as long as humans and life of the world exist 13
  14. 14. Components of Civilization History Religion Philosophy Sociology Anthropology Culture Science & Technology Art & Literature 14
  15. 15. STUDY OF CIVILIZATION THE HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION Nature Feature Concept Theory Time Experience 15
  16. 16. To differ between civilized and uncivilized society To recognize the characteristic of civilized society To recognize specific terms in civilization WHY IS CIVILIZATION STUDIED? 16
  17. 17. FEATURES OF CIVILIZATION 17
  18. 18. Strong religion System of organized state The city life The system of high writing The expertise in the art THE BASIC FEATURES OF TAMADUN (IBN KHALDUN) 18
  19. 19. DARCY RIBERIO The discovery of agriculture equipment Job specialization The growth of city New invention of irrigation technology New invention of metal technology Livestock Trade revolution The discovery of new technology Revolution of industry THE BASIC FEATURES OF TAMADUN 19
  20. 20. Features City Improving the quality of life System of organization & planned social institution Homogeneous language & system of writing System of law & value Improved design Development of creativity 20
  21. 21. The Relation Between Tamadun and Faith/Religion The civilized life The noble courtesy and high moral Faith / Religion Building of system, way of life & worldview 21
  22. 22. The Relation Between Tamadun and Faith/Religion There is civilization which collects various religion as the worldview of human The civilization of the West The civilization of Islam The civilization of India The Civilization of China There is civilization which separates the religion from life The contemporary civilization of the West The civilizations have emerged because of the religion & belief systems of society The civilization of China The civilization of Egypt The civilization of India 22
  23. 23. The Effect of Religion To Civilization Religion affects civilization Religion has relation with civilization E.g..: Islamic Civilization Civilization affects religion (Religion= civilization) Both are separated E.g..:Western Civilization 1 2 23
  24. 24. The Relation Between Civilization and Culture Civilization is the manifestation of society of its high culture • Human procedures to act on their environment • The behavior that is studied by human which is generally considered as tradition Culture 24
  25. 25. The Relation Between Civilization and Culture High cultural society refinement and perfection of moral character High & noble cultural society Civilized life The form of culture that inherited by society / nation Customs, dress, behavior, values, etc. 25
  26. 26. The Difference Between Civilization and Culture Civilization Culture Permanent element, e.g.: Caste system of India. Temporary element, e.g.:The wearing of songkok among Malay males. Beyond limits of either countries or territories, e.g.:The concept of religion Often associated with country or region, e.g.: Muslim dress 26
  27. 27. The Relation Between Civilization and Nation The difference between civilization and nation: Civilization can exceed the limits of national / geography e.g.: Islamic Civilization e.g.:Western Civilization Nation has relation with history, tradition & geography area of ​​particular culture e.g.:TheArabs have their own customs and culture e.g.:The Malay civilization with their own traditions 27

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