Introduction Training is vital for the growth of organizations. Training in business parlance is perceived as learning that is provided in order to improve performance. Training in organization should be a planned process rather than an accidental one.
Training, Development andEducation Training is a process of learning a sequence of programmed behavior. It is application of knowledge. It imparts people an awareness of the rules and procedures to guide their behavior. It strives to improve their performance on the current job or prepare them for an intended job.
Contd.. Development is a related process. It covers not only those activities that improve job performance but also those which bring about growth of personality; help individuals in the progress towards maturity and actualization of their potential capacities so that they build up as not only good employees but better men and women.
Contd.. Education is understanding and interpretation of knowledge. It imparts qualities of mind and character, understanding of basic principles and develop the capacities of analysis, synthesis and objectivity.
Training Vs development Short term process Long term process It refers only to It refers to instruction in philosophical and technical and theoretical mechanical educational operations. concepts. It is designed for It involves non managers. managerial personnel.
Need for training To raise the productivity To improve quality in work To assist a company in fulfilling its future To improve health and safety Out datedness prevention To improve organizational climate Personal growth
Objectives To impart new entrant the basic knowledge and skill they need for an intelligent performance of definite task. To assist employees to function more effectively in their present positions by exposing them to the latest concepts, information and techniques and developing the skills they will need in their particular fields.
To broaden the minds of senior managers by providing them opportunities for an inter change of experiences within and outside with a view to correct the narrowness of the outlook that may arise from specialization. To build up of a second line of competent officers and prepare them to occupy more responsible positions. To impart customer education for the purpose of meeting the training needs of corporations which deals mainly with public.
Importance Of Training and Development• Optimum Utilization of Human Resources – Training and Development helps in optimizing the utilization of human resource that further helps the employee to achieve the organizational goals as well as their individual goals.• Development of Human Resources – Training and Development helps to provide an opportunity and broad structure for the development of human resources’ technical and behavioral skills in an organization. It also helps the employees in attaining personal growth.
Contd.. Development of skills of employees – Training and Development helps in increasing the job knowledge and skills of employees at each level. It helps to expand the horizons of human intellect and an overall personality of the employees. Productivity – Training and Development helps in increasing the productivity of the employees that helps the organization further to achieve its long- term goal. Team spirit – Training and Development helps in inculcating the sense of team work, team spirit, and inter-team collaborations. It helps in inculcating the zeal to learn within the employees.
Contd.. Organization Culture – Training and Development helps to develop and improve the organizational health culture and effectiveness. It helps in creating the learning culture within the organization. Organization Climate – Training and Development helps building the positive perception and feeling about the organization. The employees get these feelings from leaders, subordinates, and peers. Quality – Training and Development helps in improving upon the quality of work and work-life.
Training Process Needs Assessment Deriving Instructional Objectives Designing Training and Development Programme Implementation of the Training Programme Evaluation of the Programme Closed Loop system
Effectiveness of trainingprogram Reaction Learning Behavior Result
An effective training program will lead to the following :1. Increased efficiency of the worker2. Reduction in cost and wastage3. Reduction in labor turnover4. Increase in discipline5. Proper care of tools and equipments6. Personality development and professional development of the employee.
Advantages to the company Increased efficiency of the employee Reduced supervision Less amount of wastage Reduced turnover Helps new employee in the organization Better labor management relations
Advantage to the employee Self Confidence Increased motivation levels High rewards Group efforts Promtion