Cultural seminar romania transylvania

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Cultural seminar romania transylvania

  1. 1. Transylvania
  2. 2. Transylvania –multicultural region • The nam of the region com from e es the Latin Trans Silva ( the land beyond the forests) • The main form of relief is the plateau, surrounded by the Carpathian m ountains with hills, depressions and crossed by numberless rivers. • The population in the area is over 3 m illion inhabitants who live in cities, towns or villages, each having its own specific architecture.
  3. 3. Transylvania – multicultural region Ethnic Transylvania is a mosaic of Romanians, Hungarians, Saxons, Serbs,Gypsies and Jews - each of these populations m anifested their cultural identitiesin the structure of villages, architecture in towns and the way of life.
  4. 4. Transylvania- short history• First there were the Dacians who reached a high level of material and spiritual culture• Conquered by the Roman Empire in 107• The Magyar tribes first entered the region in the 8th century when they settled the Pannonian plain.• In the 12th and 13th centuries, the areas in the south and northeast were settled by German colonists called (then and now) Saxons, with the purpose of securing the borders.• The Hungarian Kingdom the Ottoman and Austrian Em , pires occupied this land one after the other.• In 1918 that Transylvania joins Romania, which reunites for the first tim in e what Rom anians consider its natural borders.
  5. 5. Ethnic TransylvaniaHungarians, Saxons, Romanians, Swabs, Jews, Roma, etc .
  6. 6. The Szekely population
  7. 7. The Szekely writing
  8. 8. The Szekely gates
  9. 9. Traditional Szekely gate
  10. 10. Traditional Szekely gate
  11. 11. Traditional Szekely gate
  12. 12. Traditional SzekelyKurtoskalacs
  13. 13. Szekely dishes
  14. 14. The Saxon land
  15. 15. Fortified churches
  16. 16. Biertan - Fortified Church
  17. 17. Biertan - Fortified Church
  18. 18. BiertanChurchTower
  19. 19. PrejmerFortified church
  20. 20. HarmanFortified Church
  21. 21. Brasov
  22. 22. The Bran Castle
  23. 23. The Bran Castle
  24. 24. SIGHISOARA citadel
  25. 25. SIGHISOARA
  26. 26. THE MEDIEVAL FESTIVAL
  27. 27. SIBIU
  28. 28. SIBIU
  29. 29. SIBIU
  30. 30. SIBIU- the Capital of Culture
  31. 31. • Rimetea Around Cluj UNESCO Heritage
  32. 32. Turda - Salt mine
  33. 33. Apuseni mountains• Rural civilisation• Picturesque landscapes• Natural protected areas• Caves and conserved areas

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