Cultural seminar romania transylvania

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  • 1. Transylvania
  • 2. Transylvania –multicultural region • The nam of the region com from e es the Latin Trans Silva ( the land beyond the forests) • The main form of relief is the plateau, surrounded by the Carpathian m ountains with hills, depressions and crossed by numberless rivers. • The population in the area is over 3 m illion inhabitants who live in cities, towns or villages, each having its own specific architecture.
  • 3. Transylvania – multicultural region Ethnic Transylvania is a mosaic of Romanians, Hungarians, Saxons, Serbs,Gypsies and Jews - each of these populations m anifested their cultural identitiesin the structure of villages, architecture in towns and the way of life.
  • 4. Transylvania- short history• First there were the Dacians who reached a high level of material and spiritual culture• Conquered by the Roman Empire in 107• The Magyar tribes first entered the region in the 8th century when they settled the Pannonian plain.• In the 12th and 13th centuries, the areas in the south and northeast were settled by German colonists called (then and now) Saxons, with the purpose of securing the borders.• The Hungarian Kingdom the Ottoman and Austrian Em , pires occupied this land one after the other.• In 1918 that Transylvania joins Romania, which reunites for the first tim in e what Rom anians consider its natural borders.
  • 5. Ethnic TransylvaniaHungarians, Saxons, Romanians, Swabs, Jews, Roma, etc .
  • 6. The Szekely population
  • 7. The Szekely writing
  • 8. The Szekely gates
  • 9. Traditional Szekely gate
  • 10. Traditional Szekely gate
  • 11. Traditional Szekely gate
  • 12. Traditional SzekelyKurtoskalacs
  • 13. Szekely dishes
  • 14. The Saxon land
  • 15. Fortified churches
  • 16. Biertan - Fortified Church
  • 17. Biertan - Fortified Church
  • 18. BiertanChurchTower
  • 19. PrejmerFortified church
  • 20. HarmanFortified Church
  • 21. Brasov
  • 22. The Bran Castle
  • 23. The Bran Castle
  • 24. SIGHISOARA citadel
  • 25. SIGHISOARA
  • 26. THE MEDIEVAL FESTIVAL
  • 27. SIBIU
  • 28. SIBIU
  • 29. SIBIU
  • 30. SIBIU- the Capital of Culture
  • 31. • Rimetea Around Cluj UNESCO Heritage
  • 32. Turda - Salt mine
  • 33. Apuseni mountains• Rural civilisation• Picturesque landscapes• Natural protected areas• Caves and conserved areas