Green Pressure Financial Institutions Green company Green Projects Stake Holders Regulator Non Green Company/Projects X What is “Green” ? How to evaluate the outcome of “Green” ? Measurement of CO2 reduction
Financial Institutions Investors Investment Projects Affluent society Mission of Financial Institutions Mission of Financial institutions Financial Institutions should support economic growth to realize affluent society under environment constraint. Balancing economy and environment is crucial
“ Emission” or “Reduction”? Reductions Emission from invested projects Emission from invested projects Emission from Existent facilities
JBIC “ GREEN” Future carbon market Finance J-MRV Commercially viable BAT (best available technology) Deployment Possibility ・ Industries ・ Carbon Players ・ Host Government Dialogue Share GHG emission reduction projects GHG emission reductions JBIC will review the followings 1. Climate change policy of the host country 2. Technology to be used 3. Reduction amount by J-MRV J-MRV ・ Scaling up low carbon investment ・“ simple, practical and internationally acceptable” guideline ・ Following investor’s decision making process (MRV: Measurement, reporting and verification) Reduction amount Ownership New Financial Program (GREEN) and J-MRV (Global action for reconciling economic growth and environmental preservation)
Procedure of J-MRV and GREEN Project JBIC Request for Finance (with emission data ) Financial consideration External Expert Advisory Committee Loan Agreement Disburse Project construction Emission monitoring After investment Monitoring External Expert Advisory Committee ・ Project completion ・ 1 year after completion Calculation of Reductions Calculation of Reductions Third party opinion Third party opinion Procedure of GREEN and J-MRV
・ Scaling up low carbon investment ・“ simple, practical and internationally acceptable” guideline ・ Following investor’s decision making process Baseline amounts = Emissions in the case without investment Option of Baseline a/ Actual emissions before investment, b/ Emissions from similar installations in operation in the country or in the region c/ Emissions from similar installations recently invested in the country or in the region Reduction amounts = Baseline emissions - Emissions from projects Taking into account of ・ investment climate such as economy, energy, technology, regulation. ・ availability and reliability of data Sampling and theoretical value may be applicable http://www.jbic.go.jp/en/about/news/2010/0730-01/100730_mrv_guideline.pdf J-MRV
Energy Efficiency (Renovation) Reductions Before Investment After Investment Taking into account of the capacity increase of the facility by the investment In case of new facility, CO2 emission amount of new facility will be compared with the national average of the same type of facility CO2 emission amount J-MRV Methodology
Renewable Energy Reductions National Total Invested Facility Renewable energy is Zero emission energy, in principle. Average CO2 emission (CO2 emission factor) J-MRV Methodology
Fossil Fuel Energy Reductions National Total Invested Facility National energy security, economic is cosidered Average CO2 emission (CO2 emission factor) In Principle Reductions Availability of low carbon energy is limited Average CO2 emission of the same fuel National Average Investment J-MRV Methodology (under preparation)
Higher Energy Efficiency Appliance Reductions National Average New Alliance Theoretical value and estimated value is acceptable Availability of data is considered Average CO2 emission An unit Reductions National Total Estimated National Total emission By the appliance National Average After Investment Estimated National Total emission By the appliance Estimation of program Total J-MRV Methodology (under preparation)
“ EXIT” of MRV We can clearly introduce our contribution for climate change to the stakeholders under low carbon pressure. Carbon is cost and banks have responsibility to curve emission increase. Credit Rating including carbon is considered. CDM or Bilateral Credit Scheme will generate additional cash flow. Demonstration Purpose Carbon Market Risk Mitigation
Bilateral Scheme : F/S Support Program Project types Project site METI Advanced Coal Fired Power Indonesia, Viet Nam, India Geothermal Power Indonesia×2, Philippine Transmission Improvement Viet Nam Energy Intensity Industry ( Steel, Cement) Philippine, India, Lao, Indonesia, Malaysia Energy management of industry Indonesia, Thailand, China, Malaysia New Air-Conditioning Systems (Office, Hotel, etc.) Maldives CHP Thailand DSM (Home Appliances) Mexico, Viet Nam REDD+ Peru, Indonesia, Lao, Brazil Eco Drive, Eco House Thailand , China, Asia CCS Indonesia Nuclear Power Viet Nam Efficient use of Fertilizer Malaysia, Indonesia MOE Waste Management Thailand Peat Fire Management Indonesia Modal Shift Lao
F/S Project Construction Project Operation Finance (GREEN, LIFE) Standardized MRV J-MRV Bilateral Agreement “ Demand” International acceptance Management Capacity F/S Support Program Project Cycle Bilateral Scheme : “ J-MRV and GREEN” and F/S Support Program
Public Sector (Improvement of investment climate) Private Sector (Driving force) Financial Sector (Push last one mile) Capacity of Our Planet Change of Lifestyle Better investment climate, More investment Use of Technology Public Private Financial Partnership
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