Ethiopia
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Ethiopia

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    Ethiopia Ethiopia Presentation Transcript

    • Ethiopia Culture Unleashed
    • Investigation Team
        • Aaron Devendorf
        • Gabriel Manzione
        • Kaitlin Bush
        • Kelly Helmer
      • We Ask The Hard Questions
    • Culture Matters Says Aaron
      • Why does culture matter?
      • The way we speak to and hear one another
      • We can identify with a different group, or prejudge one
      • We must learn tolerance and understanding and strive to know and respect other cultures
      • our and Ethiopian culture matters
    • “ Abyssinia” Kaitlin Elaborates
      • Abyssinia, probably Arabic, meaning “mixed” in terms of population.
      • Now Ethiopia. Linguists believe it comes from the Greek, meaning “sunburned faces,” otherwise known as Etiopik, the descendant of Noah.
      • Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world and the oldest on the continent of Africa.
      • -Ethiopian statehood has been established since some time in the 10th Century BCE, and an Ethiopian Dynasty was created in Egypt in 720 BCE.
    • “ Birthplace of Mankind” Kaitlin Continues
      • Lucy Australopithecus Afarensis, the predecessor of homo sapiens, our species.
      • Ethiopia's Great Rift Valley and other regions  are most probably the birthplace of the human race.
    • “ Ethiopia” Go Kaitlin Go
      • Ethiopia is an extremely diverse country, and there are no “real” Ethiopians, as the country’s population is a large mixture of all Native Africans.
      • 32.1% Oromo, 30.1% Amara, 6.2% Tigraway, 5.9% Somalie, 4.3% Guragie, 3.5% Sidama, 2.4% Welaita, 15.4% other.
      • There are at least two major languages; Amarigna and Oromigna, while English is the primary second language.
    • “ GOVERNMENT” Kaitlin Tells All
      • Formal Country Title: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
      • Federal Republic
      • Executive Branch similar to U.S. with Chief of State(elected), Head of Government and cabinet.
    • Government Continued Kaitlin Tells A Little More
      • Legislative Branch: House of Federation – Upper Chamber responsible for interpreting the constitution and federal-regional issues. House of People’s Representatives – Lower Chamber responsible for passing legislation.
      • Judicial Branch: Federal Supreme Court  -  recommended by the Prime Minister and appointed by the House of People’s Representatives.
    • “ Economics” Kaitlin Knows the Deal
      • Agriculture, agriculture, agriculture!
      • Agriculture accounts for about half of Ethiopia’s GDP, 60% of its exports and 80% of its total employment. (coffee, coffee, coffee)
      • Ethiopia is extremely poverty stricken (about 40% of its population below poverty line) and because their economy is so dependent on agriculture, they suffer when weather is not conducive to their crops.
      • The estimate GDP per capita in 2007 was $700.
    • Been Around a While Thoughts by Kelly
      • Ethiopia is 3.2 million years old and is considered the origin of mankind
      • It is the oldest independent country in Africa
    • Diverse and Religious Keep it going Kelly
      • Ethiopia is the size of Texas and is home to 82,544,840 people.
      • There are around seventy-seven known ethnic groups but most of the population is known to be part of the Tigreans, Oromo, or Amara groups.
      • The people of Ethiopia are nomadic or semi-nomadic.
      • There are three main religions in Ethiopia
      • Christian, Muslim, or they hold true to traditional customs 
    • On Holiday Kelly Exclusive
      • January 1 New years Day
      • January 7 Genna the Ethipian Christmas: the birth of Christ
      • January 19 Timkat the Ethiopian Epiphany: baptism of Christ
      • march 2 Adwa Day the Cictory by menelik II over Italy in 1896
      • April 6 Patriot Day Celebrates the end of italian Occupation in 1941
      • May 1 Internatioal Labour Day
      • May Ethiopian Good Friday
      • May Fasika the Ethiopian Easter Sunday
      • May Idd al Fitr the end of the month of fasting for Ramadan
      • August Idd al Adha 
      • August 21 Buhe
      • September 11 Enkutatash
      • September 27 Maskal-Finding of the True Cross
    • Say What (Language) Tell us Kelly
      • There are seventy-seven known ethnic groups in Ethiopia.
      • There are eighty-three recorded languages in Ethiopia.
      • There are roughly eight main spoken languages.
      • The official language is called Amharic and the major foreign language taught is English.
    • What to Wear Fashion by Kelly
      • Clothing depends on climate
      • In Highlands
      • Wear heavy cloth capes and wraparound blankets
      • Wear white cotton cloth
      • Wear trousers, a tight shirt, and a Shamma or a loose wrap.
      • Traditional dress: lions? mane or baboon skin headdress and brandish a hippo
      • In Lowlands
      • Wear brightly colored cotton
    • Kelly Concludes
      • Don’t forget about Ethiopian
      • History
      • Diversity
      • Religion
      • Language
      • Dress
    • TRADITIONAL ETHIOPIAN ARCHITECTURE: THE ROUND HUT/"TUKUL" Gabriel Explains http://www.jrs.net/reports/photoEAf/Building-tukul.JPG http://thebeltonfamily.net/Ethiopia2006/Images/tukul_b.jpg
    • OBELISKS Gabriel Explains Again http://amdesmastertour.com/images/axum_obelisk.jpg
    • Rock Carved Churches Tell it Like it is Gabriel http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.sacred-destinations.com/ethiopia/images
    • In Conclusion
      • How Different are our two cultures
      • Both our nations are incredibly diverse
      • Several different languages spoken by diverse people
      • Many religions and ideologies
      • But material wealth is obviously different and is considered part of American culture
      • In many ways we are the same