Ethiopia
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  • 1. Ethiopia Culture Unleashed
  • 2. Investigation Team
      • Aaron Devendorf
      • Gabriel Manzione
      • Kaitlin Bush
      • Kelly Helmer
    • We Ask The Hard Questions
  • 3. Culture Matters Says Aaron
    • Why does culture matter?
    • The way we speak to and hear one another
    • We can identify with a different group, or prejudge one
    • We must learn tolerance and understanding and strive to know and respect other cultures
    • our and Ethiopian culture matters
  • 4. “ Abyssinia” Kaitlin Elaborates
    • Abyssinia, probably Arabic, meaning “mixed” in terms of population.
    • Now Ethiopia. Linguists believe it comes from the Greek, meaning “sunburned faces,” otherwise known as Etiopik, the descendant of Noah.
    • Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world and the oldest on the continent of Africa.
    • -Ethiopian statehood has been established since some time in the 10th Century BCE, and an Ethiopian Dynasty was created in Egypt in 720 BCE.
  • 5. “ Birthplace of Mankind” Kaitlin Continues
    • Lucy Australopithecus Afarensis, the predecessor of homo sapiens, our species.
    • Ethiopia's Great Rift Valley and other regions  are most probably the birthplace of the human race.
  • 6. “ Ethiopia” Go Kaitlin Go
    • Ethiopia is an extremely diverse country, and there are no “real” Ethiopians, as the country’s population is a large mixture of all Native Africans.
    • 32.1% Oromo, 30.1% Amara, 6.2% Tigraway, 5.9% Somalie, 4.3% Guragie, 3.5% Sidama, 2.4% Welaita, 15.4% other.
    • There are at least two major languages; Amarigna and Oromigna, while English is the primary second language.
  • 7. “ GOVERNMENT” Kaitlin Tells All
    • Formal Country Title: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    • Federal Republic
    • Executive Branch similar to U.S. with Chief of State(elected), Head of Government and cabinet.
  • 8. Government Continued Kaitlin Tells A Little More
    • Legislative Branch: House of Federation – Upper Chamber responsible for interpreting the constitution and federal-regional issues. House of People’s Representatives – Lower Chamber responsible for passing legislation.
    • Judicial Branch: Federal Supreme Court  -  recommended by the Prime Minister and appointed by the House of People’s Representatives.
  • 9. “ Economics” Kaitlin Knows the Deal
    • Agriculture, agriculture, agriculture!
    • Agriculture accounts for about half of Ethiopia’s GDP, 60% of its exports and 80% of its total employment. (coffee, coffee, coffee)
    • Ethiopia is extremely poverty stricken (about 40% of its population below poverty line) and because their economy is so dependent on agriculture, they suffer when weather is not conducive to their crops.
    • The estimate GDP per capita in 2007 was $700.
  • 10. Been Around a While Thoughts by Kelly
    • Ethiopia is 3.2 million years old and is considered the origin of mankind
    • It is the oldest independent country in Africa
  • 11. Diverse and Religious Keep it going Kelly
    • Ethiopia is the size of Texas and is home to 82,544,840 people.
    • There are around seventy-seven known ethnic groups but most of the population is known to be part of the Tigreans, Oromo, or Amara groups.
    • The people of Ethiopia are nomadic or semi-nomadic.
    • There are three main religions in Ethiopia
    • Christian, Muslim, or they hold true to traditional customs 
  • 12. On Holiday Kelly Exclusive
    • January 1 New years Day
    • January 7 Genna the Ethipian Christmas: the birth of Christ
    • January 19 Timkat the Ethiopian Epiphany: baptism of Christ
    • march 2 Adwa Day the Cictory by menelik II over Italy in 1896
    • April 6 Patriot Day Celebrates the end of italian Occupation in 1941
    • May 1 Internatioal Labour Day
    • May Ethiopian Good Friday
    • May Fasika the Ethiopian Easter Sunday
    • May Idd al Fitr the end of the month of fasting for Ramadan
    • August Idd al Adha 
    • August 21 Buhe
    • September 11 Enkutatash
    • September 27 Maskal-Finding of the True Cross
  • 13. Say What (Language) Tell us Kelly
    • There are seventy-seven known ethnic groups in Ethiopia.
    • There are eighty-three recorded languages in Ethiopia.
    • There are roughly eight main spoken languages.
    • The official language is called Amharic and the major foreign language taught is English.
  • 14. What to Wear Fashion by Kelly
    • Clothing depends on climate
    • In Highlands
    • Wear heavy cloth capes and wraparound blankets
    • Wear white cotton cloth
    • Wear trousers, a tight shirt, and a Shamma or a loose wrap.
    • Traditional dress: lions? mane or baboon skin headdress and brandish a hippo
    • In Lowlands
    • Wear brightly colored cotton
  • 15. Kelly Concludes
    • Don’t forget about Ethiopian
    • History
    • Diversity
    • Religion
    • Language
    • Dress
  • 16. TRADITIONAL ETHIOPIAN ARCHITECTURE: THE ROUND HUT/"TUKUL" Gabriel Explains http://www.jrs.net/reports/photoEAf/Building-tukul.JPG http://thebeltonfamily.net/Ethiopia2006/Images/tukul_b.jpg
  • 17. OBELISKS Gabriel Explains Again http://amdesmastertour.com/images/axum_obelisk.jpg
  • 18. Rock Carved Churches Tell it Like it is Gabriel http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.sacred-destinations.com/ethiopia/images
  • 19. In Conclusion
    • How Different are our two cultures
    • Both our nations are incredibly diverse
    • Several different languages spoken by diverse people
    • Many religions and ideologies
    • But material wealth is obviously different and is considered part of American culture
    • In many ways we are the same