English morphology "Inflection" (AdeS)


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English morphology "Inflection" (AdeS)

  1. 1. INFLECTIONS Ade sudirman, S.Pd. English Morphology Course
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Inflection is a particular bound morph expressing an inflectional distinction ( Trask, 1993) Inflection is grammatical marker, such as an affix, that is used as a signal of a grammatical property (Spears, 1991). The inflections can not change the words class of derived bases.
  3. 3. VERB AGREEMENT A noun phrase functioning as a subject usually agrees with its verb in a clause. A phrase is a group of words that has particular meaning. A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a verb. Independent clause is a complete sentence containing the main subject and verb (it is also called as main clause). Dependent clause is uncomplete sentence. It must be connected to a main clause. It is usually started by “conjunctions”.
  4. 4. VERB AGREEMENT Shaneel is an English student. She studies English everyday. Everyone knows her and claims that she is a smart girl. Because, she has a good skill in English courses, especially in morphology course. Shaneel are an English student. She study English everyday. Everyone know her and claim that she are a smart girl. Because, she have a good skill in English courses, especially in morphology course.
  5. 5. PERSON & NUMBER AGREEMENT The child are playing soccer. The box are heavy. The teacher teach us patiently. He have to go to the campus. The student are writing on my expensive brown note book. The children are playing soccer. The boxes are heavy. The teachers teach us patiently. They have to go to the campus. The students are writing on my expensive brown note book.
  6. 6. INTENSIFIERS Intensifier is a lexical category, or a member of this category, whose members typically function as modifiers on an adjective or adverb and express the degree to which the quality expressed by that item is present (Trask, 1993) Very : The white history book is very expensive. Extremely : The boy is exteremly naughty. So : He ran so fast. Too : The Semantics class is too difficult for them. Rather : Coolsum looks rather unhappy.
  7. 7. GENETIVE MARKERS English genetive or possesive markers are –s, of and –s’. Abda’s picture The legs of the chair James’ Chevrolet The teachers’ bags The teacher’s bag Students’ achievement
  8. 8. NOUN PLURAL MARKERS English plural markers can be represented by zero af fix, vowel changes (double –e-) and suf fixes –s, -es, and –en on the nouns. Sheep = sheep Tooth = teeth Book = books Box = boxes Ox = oxen
  9. 9. INFLECTION CHARACTERISTICS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Inflectional morphemes signal grammatical information such as number, tense, possesion, and so on. They are only found in suffixes in English. No change of meaning. Never change the syntactic category of the words or morpheme to them which they are attached. They are always attached to completed words. Infelction morphemes typically follow derivational morphemes. 1. Walk – walked. 2.Boys, Mar y’s, swimming. 3.Toy vs Toys. 4.5. Eat – eating (N-N). 6. Unlikehoodunlikehoods (not *unlikeslihood)
  10. 10. THE END Thank you