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English morphology "Derivation" (AdeS)
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English morphology "Derivation" (AdeS)

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  • 1. Derivations English Morphology Ade Sudirman, S.Pd.
  • 2. Introduction  Derivational morphology is a branch of morphology dealing with wordformation. (Trask.1993)  The process of obtaining new words by adding affixes to existing words or stem occurs. Affixes are bound morphemes which can only attach to word or stem. The process changes the new semantically and grammatically.
  • 3. 1. Noun Markers Noun is a word that names a person, place, thing or idea (Spears:1991). Exp:  Bobby;  London;  Board;  Freedom.
  • 4. Noun Markers (cont....)  Cy = democracy  Ion = proclamation  Ty = celebrity  Ship = citizenship  Al = proposal  Er = teacher  Or = actor  Ce = confidence  Ing = smiling  ate = directorate  logy = ideology  -0 = wish  Ist = dentist
  • 5. Noun Markers (cont....) In English word-formation, a noun derives from a noun, a verb and an adjective but not an adverb. If a noun form is from an identical word class, the meaning may change but its grammatical category remains the same. (Noun is derived from Noun) Company = companion; Independence = independency; Philosophy = philosopher; Friend = friendship.
  • 6. Noun Markers (cont....)
  • 7. 2. Verb Markers A verb is a word conveying action or a state of being; the core of the predicate and in modern linguistics, the core of the sentence (Spears: 1991). -en = widen, blacken; (adj/suffix) -ize = harmonize, modernize; (adj/suffix) en- = endanger, enjoy; (N/prefix) -0 = glue, tie.(zero marking) -en = fasten (adv/suffix)
  • 8. 3. Adjective Marker Adjective is a member of a group of words that are used to modify, supplement, add to, or restrict the meaning of nouns or nominal (Spears: 1991). -ic = alcoholic, organic; (N/suffix) -ous = dangerous; (N/suffix) -ing = boring; (N/suffix) -ed = educated; (V/suffix) -ive = protective; (V/suffix) -al = instrumental; (N/suffix) -ial = influential; (adj/suffix) -0 = black, sad.( adj/-)
  • 9. 4. Adverb Marker Spears (1991) argues that an adverb is a word or phrase that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb and sentence. -ly = smoothly; Very = very rarely; -0 = fast, late.
  • 10. Find out four markers of word-formation and their examples !!
  • 11. The end Thank you