Conditional sentences (AdeS)

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  • Conditional sentences (AdeS)

    1. 1. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES: VARIATIONS IN TENSES By Ade Sudirman, S.Pd Grammar 4th Semester
    2. 2. Introduction Main clause (MC) : I will marry you; If clause (IC) : if you love me; Conditional sentences (CS) : If you love me, I will marry you. MC : I would come and help you; IC : if I could finish work early; CS : If I could finish work early, I would come and help you.
    3. 3. 1. First conditional (Future possible condition)  The if clause is usually in the simple present. However, we can also use: present continuous, present perfect, present perfect continuous, can and should.  Note : when use if + should, the condition is less likely to be fulfilled.  The main clause usually has the verb in the future with will/shall. However, we can also use: “be going to” future, future continuous, future perfect, imperatives, can/could,
    4. 4. Examples of1st conditional  If I can finish work early, I will come and help you;  If they go there, I will follow them;  If should see him, I will tell him the good news;  If you phone me after 12 o’clock, I might be in bed;  If you need me, call me;  We’re going to buy her a big present if Helen passes all her exams.
    5. 5. Saya akan marah jika kamu tidak datang ke pesta pernikahanku. Jika mereka telah menerima nasihatmu, saya yakin,mereka akan mengubah pola fikir mereka saat ini. Jika dia masih sedang menunggumu, dia akan sangat kecewa.
    6. 6. Need motivation?
    7. 7. I will be angry if you do not come to my wedding party. If they have accepted your advice, I am sure, they will change their mindset this time. If he is still waiting for you, he will be very disappointed.
    8. 8. 2. Second conditional (Present unreal condition) The if clause is usually in the simple past. However, we can also use the past continuous, could, or were. The main clause usually has the modal would + infinitive. However, the modals could, and might are also used and the Note :  This type has a fact in present tense.  The fact and conditional sentence must be in different condition.
    9. 9. Fact : I am not a president. If I were a president, I would be happy. Fact: I study hard. If I did not study hard, I would not pass the exam. Fact: He is glad. If he were not glad, he would not phone you.
    10. 10. What are the facts? If we had more money, we could go out more often. If you were coming with me, I would give you a lift. If I could have the day off, I would come with you.
    11. 11. The facts are: We do not have more money. You are not coming with me. I can not have the day off.
    12. 12. 3. Third conditional (Past unreal condition) The if clause is usually in the past perfect. However, we can also use the past perfect continuous or could + perfect infinitive: The main clause usually has the modal would + perfect infinitive. However, we can also use the modals could and might before the perfect infinitive. Note : This type has a fact in past tense. The fact and conditional sentence must be in different condition.
    13. 13. What are the facts? If we had not had more money, we could not have gone out more often. If you had been glad with me, I would have given you a gift. If the ambulance had come sooner, he might have been saved
    14. 14. The facts are: We had more money. You were not glad with me. The ambulance did not come sooner.
    15. 15. 4. Zero conditional If I stay out late, I always get a taxi home. Each time I stay out late, I get a taxi home. To describe something that is generally true. The use of IF here is very similar to when.
    16. 16. Being proud of ourselves
    17. 17. The end Thank you

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