Adverbs and adverbial phrases (AdeS)
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  • 1. Adverbs and adverbial phrases Grammar 4th semester A D E S U D I R M A N , S . P D .
  • 2. Functions • Adverbs often add to the meaning of a verb. •However, they do not always modify a verb. They can modify adjectives, nouns, other adverbs, phrases, and sentences.
  • 3. Types of adverbs and adverbial phrases Adverb of manner; Adverb of place; Adverb of time; Adverb of frequency; Adverb of degree; Sentence adverbs.
  • 4. Position of adverbs •Adverbs of manner, place, and time usually go after an intransitive verb or after a transitive verb + object. •Adverbs of manner, place, and time can sometimes be placed at the beginning of a sentence for emphasis.
  • 5. Position of adverbs •It is also possible to place adverbs of manner and adverbs of indefinite time between the subject and the verb. •If there is more than one kind of adverb in a sentence, the order is usually: manner, place, time.
  • 6. Position of adverbs (cont…) • Adverbs of definite frequency are usually placed at the end of a sentence. • Adverbs of indefinite frequency usually go after an auxiliary or the verb to be and before a full verb.
  • 7. Position of adverbs (cont…) •Put adverb in the beginning of an imperative sentence. •Adverbs of degree usually go before the words they modify.
  • 8. Position of adverbs (cont…) Sentence adverbs can go at the beginning of a sentence, or after the verb to be or an auxiliary.
  • 9. Comparison of adverbs •Only gradable adverbs, that is adverbs that can be modified, can have comparative and superlative forms. •(not) as + adverb + as
  • 10. Comparison of adverbs (cont. . .) •The + comparative adv, the + comparative adv or adj •Comparative adv + and + comparative adv •Superlative advs are not used very often.
  • 11. Assignment 3 •5a, p.22; •6a, p. 24; •6b, p.26. Source : “Grammar Practice for Upper Intermediate Students” (Grammar Module, UNMA 2013)
  • 12. The end Thank you