The nature of world order 1


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The nature of world order 1

  1. 1. World Order<br />The Nature of World Order<br />
  2. 2. The need for World Order<br />The activities and relationships between the world’s states, that occur within a legal, political and economic framework<br />“new world order” coined at the end of the Cold War<br />Video:<br />
  3. 3. World Order implies a certain level of peace and security.<br />International Law plays a vital role in securing these outcomes<br />International Trade is heavily involved in creating a World Order especially as the world is more globalised than ever before<br />
  4. 4. 1. Interdependence and global threats<br />Smaller nation states rely upon major countries for sources of income, resources and skills <br />Our globalised world is a complex web of economic, political and cultural ties. The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) has shown this connection<br />Cuban Missile Crisis:<br /><br /><br />
  5. 5. 2. Benefits of Interdependence<br />The developed world (1/6th) benefits from other countries rely upon their resources and skills<br />This notion has lead to an increase in peaceful cooperation<br />Due to interest in international trade, nation-states agree to binding treaties that will benefit their own economies <br />
  6. 6. Development of World Order Overtime<br />Founded upon two principles:<br />1. State Sovereignty – a nation’s states legal power that occurs within its own state<br />2. Multilateralism – cooperation between multiple states so that members benefit from the outcome. Some State Sovereignty may need to be sacrificed<br />
  7. 7. Treaty of Westphalia 1648<br />2 October 1648<br />Ended the Thirty Years War within the Holy Roman empire and the Eighty years war between Spain and the Dutch Republic<br />This treaty begun peace agreements and the notion of state sovereignty<br />Video:<br /><br />
  8. 8. Multilateralism occurred due to nation states wanting to survive<br />“The Concert of Europe” 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars. Used to maintain peace and security in Europe<br />The Hague peace conferences of 1899 and 1907 beginning of global legislature to limit warfare. Also developed a court of arbitration to settle international disputes<br />
  9. 9. WW1 and the League of Nations <br />Multilateralism vanished during this time period 1914-18<br />League of Nations created in 1919 under the influence of Woodrow Wilson (USA). International would be guaranteed under collective security<br />Serious flaws were in its framework and a lack of political will<br />During the 1930’s its effectiveness became weak due to the movement of certain countries – Italy, Japan and Germany<br />It remained a legal entity until 1945<br />
  10. 10. Creation of the United Nations<br />The Eight point plan known as the Atlantic Charter, developed by Franklin D Roosevelt and Winston Churchill in 1941<br />United Nations was first used on 1st January 1942 – 26 nations pledged to fight a common purpose against the axis powers <br />UN Charter was signed by 50 nations in 1945 and then the UN became a legal entity<br />The League of Nations had ended and a second try at multilateral cooperation had begun <br />Video:<br />