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The nature of world order 1

The nature of world order 1






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    The nature of world order 1 The nature of world order 1 Presentation Transcript

    • World Order
      The Nature of World Order
    • The need for World Order
      The activities and relationships between the world’s states, that occur within a legal, political and economic framework
      “new world order” coined at the end of the Cold War
    • World Order implies a certain level of peace and security.
      International Law plays a vital role in securing these outcomes
      International Trade is heavily involved in creating a World Order especially as the world is more globalised than ever before
    • 1. Interdependence and global threats
      Smaller nation states rely upon major countries for sources of income, resources and skills
      Our globalised world is a complex web of economic, political and cultural ties. The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) has shown this connection
      Cuban Missile Crisis:
    • 2. Benefits of Interdependence
      The developed world (1/6th) benefits from other countries rely upon their resources and skills
      This notion has lead to an increase in peaceful cooperation
      Due to interest in international trade, nation-states agree to binding treaties that will benefit their own economies
    • Development of World Order Overtime
      Founded upon two principles:
      1. State Sovereignty – a nation’s states legal power that occurs within its own state
      2. Multilateralism – cooperation between multiple states so that members benefit from the outcome. Some State Sovereignty may need to be sacrificed
    • Treaty of Westphalia 1648
      2 October 1648
      Ended the Thirty Years War within the Holy Roman empire and the Eighty years war between Spain and the Dutch Republic
      This treaty begun peace agreements and the notion of state sovereignty
    • Multilateralism occurred due to nation states wanting to survive
      “The Concert of Europe” 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars. Used to maintain peace and security in Europe
      The Hague peace conferences of 1899 and 1907 beginning of global legislature to limit warfare. Also developed a court of arbitration to settle international disputes
    • WW1 and the League of Nations
      Multilateralism vanished during this time period 1914-18
      League of Nations created in 1919 under the influence of Woodrow Wilson (USA). International would be guaranteed under collective security
      Serious flaws were in its framework and a lack of political will
      During the 1930’s its effectiveness became weak due to the movement of certain countries – Italy, Japan and Germany
      It remained a legal entity until 1945
    • Creation of the United Nations
      The Eight point plan known as the Atlantic Charter, developed by Franklin D Roosevelt and Winston Churchill in 1941
      United Nations was first used on 1st January 1942 – 26 nations pledged to fight a common purpose against the axis powers
      UN Charter was signed by 50 nations in 1945 and then the UN became a legal entity
      The League of Nations had ended and a second try at multilateral cooperation had begun
      Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=juvHlXU0Yj8