Dictionary Of Landforms Shaped By Water and water processes
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Dictionary Of Landforms Shaped By Water and water processes

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Dictionary and image list of the landforms shaped by water processes. Let me know if I left any out.

Dictionary and image list of the landforms shaped by water processes. Let me know if I left any out.

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  • 1. Geography Dictionary Landforms shaped by Water and Water processes
  • 2. Ait – a small island (England)
  • 3.   Alluvial fan  is a fan-shaped deposit formed where a fast flowing stream flattens, slows, and spreads typically at the exit of a canyon onto a flatter plain
  • 4. Anabranch -  is a section of a river or stream that diverts from the main channel or stem of the watercourse and rejoins the main stem downstream
  • 5. Arch – A natural rock arch is formed normally from erosion from water or wind
  • 6. Arroyo - also called a  wash , is usually a dry creek bed or gulch that temporarily fills with water after a heavy rain
  • 7. Atoll - a ring (or partial ring) of coral that forms a ring around a lagoon. 
  • 8. Barrier Island - a long narrow sandy island (wider than a reef) running parallel to the shore
  • 9. Bay - a body of water that is partly enclosed by land
  • 10. Beach - a nearly level stretch of pebbles and sand beside a sea, lake, etc., often washed by high water; sandy shore; strand
  • 11. Bight - a slight bend or curve in a coast
  • 12. Billabong - a branch of a river made by water flowing from the main stream only when the water level is high
  • 13. Blowhole –An opening in a sea cliff, on the upland side away from shore; columns of sea spray are thrown up through the opening
  • 14. Bog - an area of wet, spongy ground.
  • 15. Braided River - s one of a number of channel types and has a channel that consists of a network of small channels separated by small and often temporary  islands
  • 16. Canyon - a deep valley with very steep sides - often carved from the Earth by a river. 
  • 17. Cape - a pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, ocean, lake, or river.
  • 18. Cave - a large hole in the ground or in the side of a hill or mountain.
  • 19. Channel - a body of water that connects two larger bodies of water (like the English Channel). A channel is also a part of a river or harbour that is deep enough to let ships sail through.
  • 20. Cove - a small, horseshoe-shaped body of water along the coast; the water is surrounded by land formed of soft rock.
  • 21. Delta - an area of land shaped like a triangle where a river deposits mud, sand, or pebbles as it enters the sea. A delta is often (but not always) shaped like a triangle.
  • 22.   D rainage Basin  is an extent of land where water from rain and melting snow or ice drains downhill into a body of water
  • 23. Estuary - an estuary is the wide part of a river where it joins a sea.
  • 24. Fjord - A fjord is a long, narrow sea inlet that is bordered by steep cliffs
  • 25. Floodplain - is flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a stream or river that experiences occasional or periodic flooding
  • 26. Geyser - A geyser is a natural hot spring that occasionally sprays water and steam above the ground.
  • 27. Gorge - A narrow valley with steep walls. Often has a stream or river running through it.
  • 28. Gulf - a part of the ocean (or sea) that is partly surrounded by land (it is usually larger than a bay).
  • 29. Gully  - is a landform created by running water eroding sharply into soil, typically on a hillside
  • 30.   inlet  - is a narrow body of water between islands or leading inland from a larger body of water
  • 31. Island - a piece of land that is surrounded by water.
  • 32. Isthmus - is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas
  • 33. Lagoon - a shallow body of water that is located alongside a coast.
  • 34. Lake -  body of liquid on the surface of a world that is localised to the bottom of basin
  • 35. levee ,  embankment or  floodbank  is a natural or artificial slope or wall to regulate water levels
  • 36. Marsh - a type of freshwater, brackish water or saltwater wetland that is found along rivers, pond, lakes and coasts. Marsh plants grow up out of the water.
  • 37. A  meander  in general is a bend in a river flow
  • 38. Oasis - is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source
  • 39. Oxbow Lake (billabong) - is a U-shaped body of water formed when a wide meander from the main stem of a river is cut off to create a lake
  • 40. Peninsula - a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
  • 41. Pond - a small body of water surrounded by land. A pond is smaller than a lake.
  • 42. Rapid -  is a section of a river where the river bed has a relatively steep gradient causing an increase in water velocity and turbulence
  • 43. Riffs – small rippled waves in a stream or river
  • 44.   Ria -  is a landform often referred to as a drowned river valley
  • 45. River - a large, flowing body of water that usually empties into a sea or ocean.
  • 46. Spit - is a deposition landform found off coasts. At one end, spits connect to land, while at the far end they exist in open water
  • 47. Spring - is any natural occurrence where water flows on to the surface of the earth from below the surface. Thus it is where the aquifer surface meets the ground surface.
  • 48. Stack  - is a geological landform consisting of a steep and often vertical column
  • 49. Strait - a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.
  • 50. Stream - a flowing body of water with a current, confined within a bed and stream banks. A stream may be referred to as a  branch ,  brook ,  beck ,  burn ,  creek ,  kill ,  lick ,  rill ,  river   syke , bayou ,  rivulet , or  run
  • 51. Swamp - a type of freshwater wetland that has spongy, muddly land and a lot of water. Many trees and shrubs grow in swamps.
  • 52. Tombolo - an island is attached to the mainland by a narrow piece of land such as a spit or bar
  • 53. Tributary - a stream or river that flows into a larger river.
  • 54. Wadi - is the Arabic term traditionally referring to a valley. Sometimes called a dry riverbed
  • 55. Waterfall -  is a place where flowing water rapidly drops in elevation as it flows over a steep region or a cliff
  • 56. Watershed - A ridge of high land dividing two areas that are drained by different river systems
  • 57. Wetland - A wetland is an area of land that is often wet; the soil in wetlands are often low in oxygen. Wetland plants are adapted to life in wet soil. There are many types of wetlands, including: swamp, slough, fen, bog, marsh, moor, muskeg, peatland, bottomland, delmarva, mire, wet meadow, riparian, etc.