Dictionary Of Landforms Shaped By Water and water processes

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Dictionary and image list of the landforms shaped by water processes. Let me know if I left any out.

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Dictionary Of Landforms Shaped By Water and water processes

  1. 1. Geography Dictionary Landforms shaped by Water and Water processes
  2. 2. Ait – a small island (England)
  3. 3.   Alluvial fan  is a fan-shaped deposit formed where a fast flowing stream flattens, slows, and spreads typically at the exit of a canyon onto a flatter plain
  4. 4. Anabranch -  is a section of a river or stream that diverts from the main channel or stem of the watercourse and rejoins the main stem downstream
  5. 5. Arch – A natural rock arch is formed normally from erosion from water or wind
  6. 6. Arroyo - also called a  wash , is usually a dry creek bed or gulch that temporarily fills with water after a heavy rain
  7. 7. Atoll - a ring (or partial ring) of coral that forms a ring around a lagoon. 
  8. 8. Barrier Island - a long narrow sandy island (wider than a reef) running parallel to the shore
  9. 9. Bay - a body of water that is partly enclosed by land
  10. 10. Beach - a nearly level stretch of pebbles and sand beside a sea, lake, etc., often washed by high water; sandy shore; strand
  11. 11. Bight - a slight bend or curve in a coast
  12. 12. Billabong - a branch of a river made by water flowing from the main stream only when the water level is high
  13. 13. Blowhole –An opening in a sea cliff, on the upland side away from shore; columns of sea spray are thrown up through the opening
  14. 14. Bog - an area of wet, spongy ground.
  15. 15. Braided River - s one of a number of channel types and has a channel that consists of a network of small channels separated by small and often temporary  islands
  16. 16. Canyon - a deep valley with very steep sides - often carved from the Earth by a river. 
  17. 17. Cape - a pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, ocean, lake, or river.
  18. 18. Cave - a large hole in the ground or in the side of a hill or mountain.
  19. 19. Channel - a body of water that connects two larger bodies of water (like the English Channel). A channel is also a part of a river or harbour that is deep enough to let ships sail through.
  20. 20. Cove - a small, horseshoe-shaped body of water along the coast; the water is surrounded by land formed of soft rock.
  21. 21. Delta - an area of land shaped like a triangle where a river deposits mud, sand, or pebbles as it enters the sea. A delta is often (but not always) shaped like a triangle.
  22. 22.   D rainage Basin  is an extent of land where water from rain and melting snow or ice drains downhill into a body of water
  23. 23. Estuary - an estuary is the wide part of a river where it joins a sea.
  24. 24. Fjord - A fjord is a long, narrow sea inlet that is bordered by steep cliffs
  25. 25. Floodplain - is flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a stream or river that experiences occasional or periodic flooding
  26. 26. Geyser - A geyser is a natural hot spring that occasionally sprays water and steam above the ground.
  27. 27. Gorge - A narrow valley with steep walls. Often has a stream or river running through it.
  28. 28. Gulf - a part of the ocean (or sea) that is partly surrounded by land (it is usually larger than a bay).
  29. 29. Gully  - is a landform created by running water eroding sharply into soil, typically on a hillside
  30. 30.   inlet  - is a narrow body of water between islands or leading inland from a larger body of water
  31. 31. Island - a piece of land that is surrounded by water.
  32. 32. Isthmus - is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas
  33. 33. Lagoon - a shallow body of water that is located alongside a coast.
  34. 34. Lake -  body of liquid on the surface of a world that is localised to the bottom of basin
  35. 35. levee ,  embankment or  floodbank  is a natural or artificial slope or wall to regulate water levels
  36. 36. Marsh - a type of freshwater, brackish water or saltwater wetland that is found along rivers, pond, lakes and coasts. Marsh plants grow up out of the water.
  37. 37. A  meander  in general is a bend in a river flow
  38. 38. Oasis - is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source
  39. 39. Oxbow Lake (billabong) - is a U-shaped body of water formed when a wide meander from the main stem of a river is cut off to create a lake
  40. 40. Peninsula - a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
  41. 41. Pond - a small body of water surrounded by land. A pond is smaller than a lake.
  42. 42. Rapid -  is a section of a river where the river bed has a relatively steep gradient causing an increase in water velocity and turbulence
  43. 43. Riffs – small rippled waves in a stream or river
  44. 44.   Ria -  is a landform often referred to as a drowned river valley
  45. 45. River - a large, flowing body of water that usually empties into a sea or ocean.
  46. 46. Spit - is a deposition landform found off coasts. At one end, spits connect to land, while at the far end they exist in open water
  47. 47. Spring - is any natural occurrence where water flows on to the surface of the earth from below the surface. Thus it is where the aquifer surface meets the ground surface.
  48. 48. Stack  - is a geological landform consisting of a steep and often vertical column
  49. 49. Strait - a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.
  50. 50. Stream - a flowing body of water with a current, confined within a bed and stream banks. A stream may be referred to as a  branch ,  brook ,  beck ,  burn ,  creek ,  kill ,  lick ,  rill ,  river   syke , bayou ,  rivulet , or  run
  51. 51. Swamp - a type of freshwater wetland that has spongy, muddly land and a lot of water. Many trees and shrubs grow in swamps.
  52. 52. Tombolo - an island is attached to the mainland by a narrow piece of land such as a spit or bar
  53. 53. Tributary - a stream or river that flows into a larger river.
  54. 54. Wadi - is the Arabic term traditionally referring to a valley. Sometimes called a dry riverbed
  55. 55. Waterfall -  is a place where flowing water rapidly drops in elevation as it flows over a steep region or a cliff
  56. 56. Watershed - A ridge of high land dividing two areas that are drained by different river systems
  57. 57. Wetland - A wetland is an area of land that is often wet; the soil in wetlands are often low in oxygen. Wetland plants are adapted to life in wet soil. There are many types of wetlands, including: swamp, slough, fen, bog, marsh, moor, muskeg, peatland, bottomland, delmarva, mire, wet meadow, riparian, etc.

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