What You Need to Know About Today's eBook Technology


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PDF of entire package of materials used in the class. This class was sponsored by Meridian Library System and Republican Valley Library System. Presentation was at Lexington Public Library on December 15, 2011.

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What You Need to Know About Today's eBook Technology

  1. 1. What You Need to Know About  Today’s eBook Technology eBooks, eReaders and OverDrive2011-12-14 Page: 1
  2. 2. What is an eBook?• Merriam‐Webster.com definition: a book composed in or converted to  digital format for display on a computer screen or handheld device [First  used in 1988]. [Source: http://www.merriam‐webster.com/dictionary/ebook] • Wikipedia.org definition: An electronic book (variously, e‐book, ebook,  digital book) is a book‐length publication in digital form, consisting of text,  images, or both, and produced on, published through, and readable on  computers or other electronic devices. Sometimes the equivalent of a  conventional printed book, e‐books can also be born digital. The Oxford  Dictionary of English defines the e‐book as “an electronic version of a  printed book,“ but e‐books can and do exist without any printed  equivalent. E‐books are usually read on dedicated e‐book readers.  Personal computers and some mobile phones can also be used to read e‐ books. [First use 1971: US Declaration of Independence typed into a  computer, eventually leading to launch of Project Gutenberg. ][Source:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E‐book]  2011-12-14 Page: 2
  3. 3. What is an eReader?• An e‐book reader, also called an e‐book device or  e‐reader, is a mobile electronic device that is  designed primarily for the purpose of reading  digital e‐books and periodicals. [Source:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ereaders]  Not all eBooks can be read on all eReaders.  Not all eReaders are created equal. 2011-12-14 Page: 3
  4. 4. Common eBook Formats• Kindle (*.azw) – Proprietary to Amazon and Kindle eReaders• DjVu (*.djvu) – Specialized storing of scanned documents (NDOR Maps)• EPUB (*.epub) – Open Standard created by International Digital Publishing Forum• Hypertext (*.htm, *.html) – HyperText Markup Language (Web browser)• MobiPocket (*.mobi, *.prc) – based on the old Open eBook Standard (*.opf) using  XHTML and Java, support native SQL queries for database access• Open eBook (*.opf) – XML based standard that has been superseded by EPUB• Portable Document Format (*.pdf) – Created by Adobe, intended to convert text  exactly to a specific print format, meaning it doesn’t usually zoom well. Most scholarly  journals will be in this format because it takes away the issues of rescaling tables and  graphs, often used in scientific articles.• Plain Text (*.txt) – First eBook format. Size = number of characters in bytes. Based on  American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) standards.• PostScript (*.ps) – Page description language often used in desktop publishing. It is  based in code that tells the printer how to assemble the resulting image for best  printing. 2011-12-14 Page: 4
  5. 5. Digital Rights Management (DRM)Digital rights management (DRM) is a class of access control technologies that are used by hardware manufacturers, publishers, copyright holders and individuals with the intent to limit the use of digital content and devices after sale. DRM is any technology that inhibits uses of digital content that are not desired or intended by the content provider. DRM also includes specific instances of digital works or devicesIn1998 the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) was passed in the United States to impose criminal penalties on those who make available technologies whose primary purpose and function is to circumvent content protection technologies. [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_rights_management] Electronic Frontier Foundation (http://www.eff.org) simply defines it as “DRM technologies attempt to control what you can and cant do with the media and hardware youve purchased. “ 2011-12-14 Page: 5
  6. 6. Digital Rights Management (DRM)The official Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998 is available at http://www.copyright.gov/legislation/dmca.pdf Digital Rights Management (DRM) is a necessary evil. Necessary because it is much easier and quicker to copy a digital file than a physical book.Evil because in many cases it means if I purchase a title on one device through a vendor, I have to re‐purchase the title to use it on another device or through another vendor.OverDrive uses Adobe’s Content Server platform to provide DRM through the free end‐user application Adobe Digital Editions. The exception is Amazon Kindle formatted eBooks which uses Amazon’s proprietary DRM.  2011-12-14 Page: 6
  7. 7. What is OverDrive?OverDrive is a global distributor of digital eBooks, audiobooks, music and video for libraries, schools, and retail. [Source: http://www.overdrive.com] Search OverDrive for Title, Library or Bookstore availability at http://search.overdrive.comOverDrive Device Resource Center (DRC) is maintained by OverDrive at http://overdrive.com/resources/drc/Nebraska OverDrive Collection athttp://nebraska.lib.overdrive.comNebraska OverDrive Information at http://nlc.nebraska.gov/overdrive/overdriveinfo.aspx 2011-12-14 Page: 7
  8. 8. What do you really need to know to help a patron?1.You need to know exactly what they are  having problems with…reference interview.2.You need to know what device they have,  even down to the model sometimes.3.Where to get support…is it an OverDrive  problem or is it a Device problem or is it a  User problem or is it some COMBINATION.4.Where to find a users manual or users guide if  you need help figuring out the device. 2011-12-14 Page: 8
  9. 9. Where to Go for Help• OverDrive : http://tinyurl.com/NEOverDriveHelp – Email: support@overdrive.com (not for patrons, for us) – List: NEBRASKAOVERDRIVE@nlc.state.ne.us (each other)• Kindle : http://tinyurl.com/7g5ly6o – Kindle Forum: http://tinyurl.com/6pmku36• Nook : http://tinyurl.com/cr7ylsg – Unbound Blog: http://tinyurl.com/nook‐unbound• Sony : http://tinyurl.com/sony‐help 2011-12-14 Page: 9
  10. 10. Where to Go for Help• Pandigital: http://pandigital.net/?pageid=124• Coby: http://cobyusa.com/?p=doc• Kobo: http://www.kobobooks.com/help• BeBook: http://mybebook.com/support/• iPad: http://www.apple.com/support/ipad/• Motorola: http://tinyurl.com/xoom‐help• Samsung: http://www.samsung.com/us/support/ 2011-12-14 Page: 10
  11. 11. Demo – the Magic 7 Steps1. Find an ebook on OverDrive2. Checkout the ebook on OverDrive3. Transfer the ebook to Amazon or Adobe Digital  Editions (ADE) to satisfy DRM requirements4. Transfer the ebook to your device5. Early Check In6. Delete from your DRM library (Amazon or ADE)7. Delete from your device 2011-12-14 Page: 11
  12. 12. Sara Aden, MLSAssistant Library Director / Computer Systems ManagerNorth Platte Public Libraryadensj@ci.north‐platte.ne.usRepublican Valley Library System – Denise Harders, Directorhttp://libraries.ne.gov/rvlsMeridian Library System – Sharon Osenga, Directorhttp://libraries.ne.gov/mls 2011-12-14 Page: 12
  13. 13. Helping Patrons Make Decisions about Technology Play Games andI want an eReader to... Tablet Store Data eInk or anti-glare Read Books In the Sun Technology In Bed without a Light Backlit Read Magazines Color Display Borrow Books from the Just about anything Library will work but check: http://www.overdrive.com/ resources/drc/ Default.aspx?type=ebook 2011-12-14 Page: 13
  14. 14. An Incomplete List of eReaders by TechnologyTablets (closer to PC than eReader ability to download apps)Acer IconiaAmazon FireApple iPad & iPad 2Asus Memo PadAugen GentouchBarnes & Noble Color & TableBlackberry PlaybookHP TouchPadKobo VoxMotorola XoomPandigital Novel Color MultimediaSamsung GalaxySony TabletViewsonic ViewpadeInk eReader (monochrome good for reading in the sun, requires light to read in dark)Amazon Kindle Keyboard/TouchBarnes & Noble Nook Simple TouchKobo Touch/Wi-FiPandigital Novel Personal eReaderSony ReaderColor Displays are usually tablets allowing more functionality** See the Incomplete Tablet List above **Works with OverdriveCheck: http://www.overdrive.com/resources/drc/Default.aspx?type=ebookMost tablets and eReader devices can work with Overdrive, but it requires either an Amazonaccount (if Kindle), or Acrobat Digital Editions compatibility with PC connectionAdobe’s Acrobat Digital Editions compatible device list athttp://blogs.adobe.com/digitalpublishing/supported-devicesDevice NotesThis technology is an infant and will continuously change for a while.The biggest revolution to affect our library is the availability of Amazon formatted ebooks onOverdrive.Soon some technologies will fall away from the edevice scene, most notably non-touchdevices and non-color devices. 2011-12-14 Page: 14
  15. 15. Keeping Up with the e-RevolutionToolsOpen eLibrary at http://openelibrary.org/ Do you have hundreds of documents and ebooks on your computer? Tired of searching your folders for that specific manual? Want to catalog your entire home library? eLibrary is the perfect solution for your, and it’s open source and free. It automatically scans your document folders and downloads the book’s cover image and info from the web, and displays them in a friendly user interface. The book’s info is downloaded using the ISBN, which you can enter manually, or let the application guess it. Guessing is done by either searching the book on google, amazon or scanning the text for the ISBN (scan is currently only for PDF), thus allowing you to quickly load books into the app. Besides digital books, eLibrary has organizing and tagging features which are useful for managing your work & research documents, manuals and your real home library.News & How ToThe eBook Reader Blog at http://blog.the-ebook-reader.com/The Digital Reader at http://www.the-digital-reader.com/Internet Public Library (IPL) eBook Resources at http://www.ipl.org/div/ereader/Librarian in Black at http://librarianinblack.net/librarianinblack/ !!Explicit!!Video Tutorials search “ereader” or your specific device at http://youtube.comDevice & Software SupportBarnes & Noble NOOK Support at http://www.barnesandnoble.com/u/NOOK-Support/379003184Amazon Kindle Support at http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html/?nodeId=200127470Pandigital Support requires device registration but specs can be found through http://pandigital.net/?PageID=373Sony Digital eReader Support at http://esupport.sony.com/US/perl/select-system.pl?PRODTYPE=74Sony Tablet Support at http://esupport.sony.com/US/perl/select-system.pl?PRODTYPE=110OverDrive Adobe Digital Edition support at http://tinyurl.com/NEOverDriveADEHelpOverDrive eReader Device List at http://www.overdrive.com/resources/drc/Default.aspx?type=ebookAdobe Digital Editions FAQs at http://www.adobe.com/products/digitaleditions/faq/Adobe Digital Editions Help at http://www.adobe.com/products/digitaleditions/help/Adobe Digital Editions Support Center at http://www.adobe.com/support/digitaleditions/Adobe Digital Editions eReader Device List at http://blogs.adobe.com/digitalpublishing/supported-devicesFree & Nearly Free eBooksNook Daily Find at http://www.barnesandnoble.com/u/ebook-nook-daily-find-bargain-deal/379003102/Nook Free Fridays via The Nook Blog at http://bookclubs.barnesandnoble.com/t5/The-NOOK-Blog/bg-p/UnboundAmazon offers Kindle Daily Deals at http://tinyurl.com/kindledailydealAmazon Listmania! Totally Free Kindle Books at http://www.amazon.com/Totally-Free-kindle-Books/lm/R27UG52OAM3TFXAmazon’s Limited Time Offers at http://www.amazon.com/s/?node=2279458011Nebraska Libraries and OverDrive InformationNLC’s OverDrive information page at http://nlc.nebraska.gov/overdrive/overdriveinfo.aspxSubscribe to NLC’s Nebraska OverDrive List [NEBRASKAOVERDRIVE@nlc.state.ne.us] 2011-12-14 Page: 15
  16. 16. Using Nebraska OverDrive with an Amazon Kindle Device1. Go to Nebraska OverDrive at http://nebraska.lib.overdrive.com2. Use Advanced Search to find Kindle eBooks that are available. 2011-12-14 Page: 16
  17. 17. 3. Add an available title you want to your cart. Be sure to get theKindle formatted version.4. Proceed to Checkout and Select yourlibrary. 2011-12-14 Page: 17
  18. 18. 5. Sign in with your Library Information. Library barcode 14 digits, nospaces from the back of your card and your Library PIN. If you don’tknow your Library PIN, it could be your 4 digit year of birth. If youhave additional trouble signing in, please contact the Library atlibrary@ci.north-platte.ne.us or 308-535-8036 for help. 123456789012346. Choose your loan period and Confirm Check Out. 2011-12-14 Page: 18
  19. 19. 7. Choose Get for Kindle.8. You are redirected to an Amazon page showing the title you arechecking. Click Get Library Book.9. Sign in with your AmazonAccount Information. email@somewhere.com 2011-12-14 Page: 19
  20. 20. 10. Choose where you want the item delivered and continue11. Turn Wi-Fi on for your device and receive the item during synch ordownload the item to a computer, connect your device to the computerwith a USB cable and download the item to your computer thentransfer it to the device. You can now enjoy the title on your device for the remaining loan period. 2011-12-14 Page: 20
  21. 21. Amazon Kindle Frequently Asked QuestionsQ: Checking in items early. How?1. Log on to your Amazon account in a browser2. Choose Manage Your Kindle3. In Your Kindle Library, find the title you wish to return4. Under Actions, choose Return This Book5. Under Actions, choose Delete from Library if you no longer want it in Your Kindle Library.6. On your Kindle keyboard, when you synch up, you will receive notification of titles expired and you can delete those notifications by using the multi-directional button  and selecting Remove from Device. On the Kindle Fire, synching just removes the title from your device automatically. 2011-12-14 Page: 21
  22. 22. Amazon Kindle Frequently Asked QuestionsQ: I put a gift card in my Kindle account and I can’t seem to download anything, even free things. Why? I don’t have a credit card / dont want Amazon to have my credit card information.A: Amazon requires a valid payment method and 1-Click ordering for all, even free or $0.00, Kindle transactions. Gift cards are not considered valid payment methods. Purchase a pre-paid Visa card from a store. To verify valid payment method:1. Login to Amazon with your account information2. Under Account, select Manage Payment Options verify there is a payment method there.3. Under Manage Your Kindle, Kindle Payment Settings, verify there is a valid billing method in place there. 9999 12/2011 Jane Doe Jane Doe 123 Somewhere ST North Platte NE 69101 United States Phone: 308-123-4567 9999 2011-12-14 Page: 22
  23. 23. Using OverDrive with Nook or other non-Kindle eReaderThe Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998 has requiredmost ebooks to be protected by technology measures collectivelyknown as Digital Rights Management (DRM). DRM tells you want youcan and cannot do with a file based on copyright holder’s direction.OverDrive uses Adobe Content Management Server to preserve DRMon items purchased for use by library patrons. Because of this feature,Adobe Digital Editions (ADE) is required for any title downloadedthrough OverDrive. ADE is free software provided by Adobe, but itmust be installed on a computer.1. Go to Nebraska OverDrive at http://nebraska.lib.overdrive.com2. Use Advanced Search to find eBooks that are available. 2011-12-14 Page: 23
  24. 24. 3. Add an available title you want to your cart. IMPORTANT: You doNOT want the Kindle format.    4. Proceed to Checkout andSelect your library. 2011-12-14 Page: 24
  25. 25. 5. Sign in with your Library Information. Library barcode (14 digits, nospaces) from the back of your card and your Library PIN. If you don’tknow your Library PIN, it could be your 4 digit year of birth. If youhave additional trouble signing in, please contact the Library atlibrary@ci.north-platte.ne.us or 308-535-8036 for help. 123456789012346. Choose your loan period and Confirm Check Out 2011-12-14 Page: 25
  26. 26. 7. If you have already downloaded and installed ADE on your computerproceed here, otherwise see the ADE install tips page at the end of thisdocument. You only install ADE once. Choose Download.8. ADE starts up and the ebook is downloaded to ADE and opened forreading within ADE. LEFT: Firefox asks to open in ADE BELOW: IE allows you to save or open, choose Open 2011-12-14 Page: 26
  27. 27. 9. The book downloads and opens in ADE. You can read your book onyour computer.10. To transfer the book to your eReader device, connect your deviceto the computer via the included USB cable. Wait for your computer toload the device. 2011-12-14 Page: 27
  28. 28. 11. When your device drivers load, you will see your eReader in ADE.12. Click the book cover in the library and drag it on top of your device. 2011-12-14 Page: 28
  29. 29. 13. Properly remove your device from your system. You can now enjoy the title on your device for the remaining loan period. 2011-12-14 Page: 29
  30. 30. Nook and non-Kindle Device FAQsQ: Checking in items early. How?1. Open ADE on the same computer where you downloaded the title2. In the library, on the title there is a small arrow in the upper left corner of the book cover. Click the book cover arrow.3. Choose Return Borrowed Item from the drop menu4. If the item is expired this is also the way to delete the item from ADE only choose Delete Item from the cover arrow menu.5. You can use ADE to delete the title from your device by clicking the device and then finding the title you wish to delete and then using the cover arrow menu to delete the item. 2011-12-14 Page: 30
  31. 31. Nook and non-Kindle Device FAQsQ: How do I install ADE?1. Go to http://www.adobe.com/products/digitaleditions/#fp2. Launch the installer. Requires Administrator or program installation credentials to install software onto the computer.3. ADE opens and your are shown a Setup Assistant screen. 2011-12-14 Page: 31
  32. 32. Nook and non-Kindle Device FAQsQ: How do I install ADE? (continued)4. ADE wants to Authorize the Computer which requires an Adobe ID. If you already have one you can enter it here, otherwise get an Adobe ID Online.5. If you mess up or for some reason want to do this again, SHIFT + CTRL + D will de-authorize the computer. email@somewhere.com 2011-12-14 Page: 32
  33. 33. Nook and non-Kindle Device FAQsQ: I think I got the title downloaded but I can’t find it on my device. Where did it go?1. This is dependent on how your device works with ADE. On a Nook device the titles are not under Books but are under My Files or My Documents. 2011-12-14 Page: 33
  34. 34. Nook and non-Kindle Device FAQsQ: How do I get everything off my device that’s expired?1. Delete it from your device by finding it and going to item options and choosing delete.2. Delete it from your device by opening ADE, connecting your device to your computer, clicking on your device and using the cover arrow menu to delete the item from your device.3. Delete it from your device by connecting your device to your computer and then using My Computer to find the device drive and the file and choosing delete. [Also known as using Windows or Mac Explorer for file management.]4. Choose 1, 2, or 3 above and answer appropriately to any prompts you may receive. 2011-12-14 Page: 34