FATHER AND GRANDFATHER: VINTNERS (wine
CHAUCER: from CHAUSSEUR: SHOEMAKER.
When 16: Page to the COUNTESS OF ULSTER. She
was the daughter –in-law of Edward III.
EDWARD III invaded FRANCE: Chaucer travelled
1360: CAPTURED IN FRANCE.
EDWARD III paid 16 pounds as ransom.
1366: CHAUCER marries PHILIPPA DE ROET.
A) “LADY-IN-WAITING” TO Edward III´s queen ;
B) JOHN DE GAUNT ´s wife sister.
They had 3 or 4 children.
Philippa received a pension for COURT
EMPLOYMENT.. She died 1387.
CHAUCER´S TRAVELS AND ACTIVITIES:
He studied LAW in the INNER TEMPLE, an INN OF
VALET DE CHAMBRE of EDWARD III (member of
the Court) in 1367 (he was 24).
1368 he TRAVELLED TO MILAN and met other
important writers, such as: JEAN FROSSART and
1373: TRAVELLED TO PICARDY, GENOA AND
FLORENCE. He met BOCACCIO.
1378 he was SENT AS ENVOY (espy) to MILAN.
1374: COMPTROLLER OF THE CUSTOMS for the
PORT OF LONDON.
1380: COMMISSIONER OF PEACE SENT TO
KENT. (French invasion was a possibility).
1389: CLERK OF THE KING´S WORKS (foreman
organising the buildings projects. He conducted
repairs on Westminster Palace, and continue
building the wharf at the Tower of London). 2
shillings a day, a good salary.
1390: KEEPER OF THE LODGE at the KING´S
PARK in FECKENHAM, honorary appointment.
1390: DEPUTY FORESTER in the royal forest of
North Petherton, Somerset.
1394: He is granted an annual pension of 20 pounds by
1399: The new king renews his pension.
1399: He takes a lease on a residence within the close
of WESTMINSTER ABBEY.
Believed to have died of unknown causes October
Buried in Westminster Abbey in London, now in the
area known as POET´S CORNER.
CHAUCER´S MAJOR WORKS:
FIRST MAJOR WORK: THE BOOK OF THE
DUCHESS: ELEGY for BLANCHE OF
LANCASTER, commissioned by her husband JOHN
TDE GAUNT. 1374.
THE HOUSE OF FAME.
ANELIDA AND ARCITE.
PROLIFIC PERIOD: When he held the job of
COMPTROLLER of CUSTOMS for LONDON. (13741386)
PARLEMENT OF FOULES/ THE LEGEND OF
TRANSLATION OF ROMAN DE LA ROSE (THE
ROMAUNT OF THE ROSE).
TREATISE ON THE ASTROLABE.
THE EQUATORIE OF THE PLANETS (although
some authors state it does not come from Chaucer).
SHORT POEMS AND BALADS:
Against Women Unconstant.
PEOPLE CREATED A MYTH: THE PROTESTANT
CHAUCER, THE LOLLARD CHAUCER.
BUT PROTESTANTISM DID NOT EXIST AT THAT
SPURIOUS: THE PILGRIM´S TALE. (XVI CENT).
THE PLOUGHMAN´S TALE (a Lollard satire).
The testament of Love.
REFRAIMED MANUSCRIPTS: Many
manuscripts belonged to other poets and they made
“additions” to the original works.
• RHYME ROYAL/
• SOURCE OF THE