ADVERBS: PART OF SPEECH
 Grammar

studies:Part of speech: Adverbs,
Adjectives, Nouns, Verbs, Pronouns, (her,
him, herself...
Definition of Adverb:
Part of Speech
that describes verbs, adjectives,
other adverbs or sentences.
--one word (e.g. “caref...
FORMATION OF ADVERBS:
 Here

we refer mainly to One-word adverbs.
 Adjectives + -ly.
 Adjectives ending in –l: we add –...
ADVERBS VS. ADJECTIVES
 Some

words seem to be adverbs but they
are adjectives: cowardly, elderly, friendly,
lively, lone...
ADVERBS VS. ADJECTIVES
 Some

words are both adverbs and
adjectives:

 Right-

Wrong.
 Hourly- Dayly- Monthly- Weekly.
...
CLASSES OF ADVERBS:
 MANNER
 TIME

AND FREQUENCY.
 DEGREE
 PLACE AND DIRECTION
 FOCUS ADVERBS
 COMMENT AND VIEWPOINT...
ADVERBS OF MANNER:
They express how the action is
performed.
Ex:
 Angrily, Emphatically.
 By bus, by train.
 Some are e...
ADVERBS OF TIME AND FREQUENCY
 Adverbs

of Time: Tomorrow –
Yesterday Adverbs of Frequency: They state how
often somethi...
ADVERBS OF DEGREE
 They

describe how the action is done:
whether it is done totally or partially.
E.g.:
 Almost; fully;...
ADVERBS OF PLACE AND DIRECTION
They are mainly prepositional phrases and
adverbials.
E.g.:
 Under the table.
 Next to th...
FOCUS ADVERBS
They draw attention to the most important part
of what we are talking about.
 E.g.: especially, mainly, par...
COMMENT ADVERBS
 Comment

adverbs are used to make a
comment on what we or others are saying.
 Ex:--how likely we think ...
VIEWPOINT ADVERBS



V.P. make clear what viewpoint we are speaking from
They identify what features of something are be...
POSITION OF ADVERBS:
 There

are three main positions for adverbs
which modify a verb:
 END
 FRONT and
 MID Position.
END POSITION:
The adverb is placed after the verb, either
immediately after the verb, or later in the
clause:
 They

play...
FRONT AND MID POSITION:
 FRONT

POSITION: The adverb is placed
before the subject. Ex: Sometimes I feel like
going home.
...
END POSITION:
 The

adverb goes after the VERB + THE
OBJECT.
 Ex: We considered the problem briefly.
 If

the object is...
 If

there is a verb followed by an ing-form, we
avoid putting the adverb in the middle, so it
goes after the ing form.

...
FRONT POSITION:
 Most

types of adverb commonly go in front
position in a clause. In particular:
 --Connecting adverbs: ...
… CONNECTING ADVERBS/ FRONT
POSITION:
 --Time

and place adverbs: Add more
information about a previous reference to a
ti...
MID POSITION:
 --Degree

adverbs:
 We almost missed the train.
 I greatly admire your work.
 --Adverbs

which indicate...
MID POSITION ADVERBS:
 Adverbs

of frequency when it is only 1 word:
 I often get there late.
 I regularly take a bus t...
MANY ADVERBS ALTOGETHER
 Usually

if there are adverbs of manner, place
and time, the order is: Manner- place-time.
Ex: W...
THANK YOU,
TEACHER…
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

GRAMMAR I. ADVERBS

1,109

Published on

This ppt was displayed as part of a coloquio for GRAMMAR I. It happened in 2010, and the topic is: Adverbs.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,109
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
96
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • NNNN
  • GRAMMAR I. ADVERBS

    1. 1. ADVERBS: PART OF SPEECH  Grammar studies:Part of speech: Adverbs, Adjectives, Nouns, Verbs, Pronouns, (her, him, herself) Conjunctions, (or, whereas) Prepositions and Determiners. (articles, demonstrative adjectives, quantifiers)  Grammar also studies: grammatical structures and word formation. (grammatical structures: passive voice, verb tenses, etc). W.Formation: Suffixes and Prefixes.
    2. 2. Definition of Adverb: Part of Speech that describes verbs, adjectives, other adverbs or sentences. --one word (e.g. “carefully”) -- or a phrase (in the morning).
    3. 3. FORMATION OF ADVERBS:  Here we refer mainly to One-word adverbs.  Adjectives + -ly.  Adjectives ending in –l: we add –ly. (e.g.: carefully). Adjectives ending in –le: we drop the –e and add -y: e.g.: gently. Adjectives ending in ic: they take –ally: dramatically. With exceptions:Publicly.
    4. 4. ADVERBS VS. ADJECTIVES  Some words seem to be adverbs but they are adjectives: cowardly, elderly, friendly, lively, lonely, likely.  Some adverbs are used without –ly in everyday speech: Slow. Quick. Loud. Cheap.  Some adverbs are different whereas with or without –ly: Deep/Deeply. Hard/ Hardly. Pretty/ Prettily. High/highly. Near/nearly
    5. 5. ADVERBS VS. ADJECTIVES  Some words are both adverbs and adjectives:  Right- Wrong.  Hourly- Dayly- Monthly- Weekly.  Fast- Deep Early- Late.
    6. 6. CLASSES OF ADVERBS:  MANNER  TIME AND FREQUENCY.  DEGREE  PLACE AND DIRECTION  FOCUS ADVERBS  COMMENT AND VIEWPOINT ADVERBS
    7. 7. ADVERBS OF MANNER: They express how the action is performed. Ex:  Angrily, Emphatically.  By bus, by train.  Some are expressions or more-than-one-word adverbials: Ex:  In a quiet, threatening voice, …  In amazement 
    8. 8. ADVERBS OF TIME AND FREQUENCY  Adverbs of Time: Tomorrow – Yesterday Adverbs of Frequency: They state how often something happens. (once a day, regularly).  They can be:  Adverbs of Time – definite time-:  Tomorrow- Yesterday.  Adverbs of Time: indefinite time: some day. One day.
    9. 9. ADVERBS OF DEGREE  They describe how the action is done: whether it is done totally or partially. E.g.:  Almost; fully; completely.  Hardly;  Rather; quite; nearly. Scarcely  Expressions: “quite hardly”. “Almost completely”.
    10. 10. ADVERBS OF PLACE AND DIRECTION They are mainly prepositional phrases and adverbials. E.g.:  Under the table.  Next to the bookshelf.  Towards the station.  Or: “there”. “here”.
    11. 11. FOCUS ADVERBS They draw attention to the most important part of what we are talking about.  E.g.: especially, mainly, particularly, specifically.  There north. will be snow today, particularly in the
    12. 12. COMMENT ADVERBS  Comment adverbs are used to make a comment on what we or others are saying.  Ex:--how likely we think s.t. is: Apparently, Certainly, Undoubtedly, Obviously, Presumably, Clearly.  --Indicate our attitude to what was said:  Sadly, Frankly, Seriously, Luckily.  --Indicate a judgement of s.o.´s action: bravely, stupidly, wisely, correctly, wrongly, generously.
    13. 13. VIEWPOINT ADVERBS   V.P. make clear what viewpoint we are speaking from They identify what features of something are being talked about. E.g.Financially, it was a disaster for his family. And many expressions:  Politically speaking.  From a political point of view.  As far as politics are concerned  In terms of politics  In political terms.
    14. 14. POSITION OF ADVERBS:  There are three main positions for adverbs which modify a verb:  END  FRONT and  MID Position.
    15. 15. END POSITION: The adverb is placed after the verb, either immediately after the verb, or later in the clause:  They played quietly all day.  He sat in the corner, quietly.
    16. 16. FRONT AND MID POSITION:  FRONT POSITION: The adverb is placed before the subject. Ex: Sometimes I feel like going home.  MID POSITION:Between the subject and verb.  Ex: He is always playing football there.  **Or immediately after verb “to be” or the auxiliary verb. Ex: He usually plays better than me.
    17. 17. END POSITION:  The adverb goes after the VERB + THE OBJECT.  Ex: We considered the problem briefly.  If the object is a long expression, the adverb goes before the object:  Ex: We considered briefly the long-term solution to the problem.
    18. 18.  If there is a verb followed by an ing-form, we avoid putting the adverb in the middle, so it goes after the ing form.  Ex: He began running quickly.  End position is usual for many adverbials of place, definite frequency and definite time:  Ex:   They live upstairs. She goes there weekly. She will go there in May.
    19. 19. FRONT POSITION:  Most types of adverb commonly go in front position in a clause. In particular:  --Connecting adverbs: to make clear the logical relation to the previous sentence.  “As a result”.  Similarly The same happened with…  Afterwards, …
    20. 20. … CONNECTING ADVERBS/ FRONT POSITION:  --Time and place adverbs: Add more information about a previous reference to a time or place or show a contrast: Tomorrow,… Nearby.  --Comment and Viewpoint Adverbs.  “Sincerely, we can say that …”
    21. 21. MID POSITION:  --Degree adverbs:  We almost missed the train.  I greatly admire your work.  --Adverbs which indicate the order of events:  I first met her in 1997.  But in order to list actions we put them in front position.
    22. 22. MID POSITION ADVERBS:  Adverbs of frequency when it is only 1 word:  I often get there late.  I regularly take a bus to get there.  --But adverbial closes of indefinite frequency (As a rule, On many occasions, from time to time) are used in front or end position
    23. 23. MANY ADVERBS ALTOGETHER  Usually if there are adverbs of manner, place and time, the order is: Manner- place-time. Ex: We usually go the park once a week.  In case of verbs of movement or direction, the order is: Place- Manner- time.  We will arrive at the station by bus, tomorrow.
    24. 24. THANK YOU, TEACHER…
    1. Gostou de algum slide específico?

      Recortar slides é uma maneira fácil de colecionar informações para acessar mais tarde.

    ×