An american renaissance
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An american renaissance

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An american renaissance Presentation Transcript

  • 1. AN AMERICAN RENAISSANCE
  • 2. AN AMERICAN RENAISSANCE •EXPANSION OF CULTURE TO OTHER CITIES RATHER THAN NEW ENGLAND. NEW SPIRITUAL ERA. TRANSCENDENTALISM. •DETRACTORS: NATANIEL HAWTHORNE. •CIVILIZATION AND PRIMITIVE LIFE: HERMAN MELVILLE. MOBY DICK. •EDGAR ALLAN POE. QUOTATION. •EDGAR ALLAN POE. BIOGRAPHY. •EDGAR ALLAN POE. POETRY. •EDGAR ALLAN POE. LITERARY CRITICISM. •EDGAR ALLAN POE. HORROR STORIES.
  • 3. EXPANSION OF CULTURE.  1830 to 1840: The Frontier of American society quickly moves toward the west.  New England (Boston, Harvard and Cambridge Universities) is no longer the unique center of culture and literacy. Culture travels to the west of the Country.  At the same time, ideas and culture from other countries start to gain influence in Boston.
  • 4. NEW SPIRITUAL ERA.  Started among the young intellectuals of Boston, dissatisfied with the old patriotism.  Emphasis on philosophy, mainly from the Greeks, Germans and Indian philosophers.  One of the movements was:  The TRANSCENDENTALISM.
  • 5. TRANSCENDENTALISM.
  • 6. THE TRANSCENDENTALISTS.  As Romantics in Europe, they saw Religion as something too structured and lifeless.  They respected Christ as a wise person, along with other respectful thinkers.  Recognition of the capacity of MAN to get to know the truth intuitively.  Nature was their Bible: Birds, clouds, trees, are the vessels of God.
  • 7. SOME TRANSCENDENTALISTS. R.W. Emerson. H.D.Thoreau.
  • 8. SOME TRANSCENDENTALISTS.  He founded the Transcendental Club and its magazine, The Dial.  They had and experimental community, the Brook Farm Inst.  Emerson and Thoreau: interested in social reform/ Others: more interested in the individual. RALPH WALDO EMERSON (1803-1882).
  • 9. SOME TRANSCENDENTALISTS.  “To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches” (Nature). RALPH WALDO EMERSON (1803-1882).
  • 10. SOME TRANSCENDENTALISTS.  He was a young man at Harvard. He read NATURE from Emerson.  Thoreau and Emerson had similar ideas and they even lived together for two years.  He kept a journal and wrote about nature with live details about plants, rivers, wildlife. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)
  • 11. TRANSCENDENTALISTS: DETRACTORS.  Transcentalism had its detractors or enemies.  Some of them: OLIVER HOLMES. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE. HERMAN MELVILLE.
  • 12. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE.  . 1804-1864
  • 13. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE.  Criticised Transcendentalism for ignoring the dark side of life.  He revisited some Puritan stories, rewriting some religious versions and turning them into road/ plight solving ones. (“CELESTIAL RAILROAD”).  He used to work with lots of allegories, darkness, guilt. He wrote Gothic stories.  His masterpiece: The Scarlet Letter.
  • 14. HERMAN MELVILLE (1819-1891)  He criticized Trascendentalism and Nathaniel Hawthorne´s work.  He had a tragic view of life: the wild against civilised people.  He was a sailor and that influenced the topics of his works.  He wrote Typee (the Heroe lived among canibals), and MOBY DICK, his masterpiece (a Whale representing fate, fighting against the heroe).
  • 15. EDGAR ALLAN POE. A QUOTATION.
  • 16. EDGAR ALLAN POE. BIOGRAPHY.
  • 17. EDGAR ALLAN POE. Poetry  Al Aaraaf.  Annabel Lee.  The Bells.  The City in the Sea.  Eldorado.  The Haunted Palace.  Lenore.
  • 18. EDGAR ALLAN POE.  LITERARY CRITICISM:  His reviews for the Southern Literary Messenger were read all over America.  He hated bad books and bad writing.  He wrote “THE PHILOSOPHY OF COMPOSITION.”
  • 19. EDGAR ALLAN POE. Horror Stories.  GOTHIC STYLE.  Romantic in Language and Imagery.  Creator of the modern Detective Story.  “The murders of Rue Morgue”, The mistery of Mary Roget”, The Gold Bug”.
  • 20. RENAISSANCE.  THE END.  Thank you!!