ERverbs

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ERverbs

  1. 1. The Present Tense Regular –er verbs in the present tense
  2. 2. The present tense <ul><li>What is the present tense? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The present tense in French corresponds to the present tense and to the present progressive in English. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example the sentence “Je traville” which is the present tense of the verb travailler can be translated in two ways in English: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I work or I am working </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Conjugation <ul><li>Regular –er verbs have an infinitive which ends in er. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aimer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chanter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Danser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dîner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Écouter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Habiter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inviter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jouer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Préférer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regarder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Répéter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travailler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Conjugation <ul><li>Finding the stem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take the infinitive and drop the –er and you have the stem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parler -> parl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habiter -> habit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jouer -> jou </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Next you add the endings. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The endings for all regular –er verbs in the present tense are: </li></ul></ul>ent e ez es ons e
  5. 5. Conjugation <ul><li>The combining of the stem and the endings forms the conjugation. </li></ul><ul><li>Parl er Habit er </li></ul>-er verbs are what as known as boot verbs because all the verbs inside the boot sound exactly the same. This is why, unlike Spanish or Italian, you have to include the subject whenever you conjugate a verb. Ils/Elles parl ent Il/Elle parl e Vous parl ez Tu parl es Nous parl ons Je parl e Ils/Elles habit ent Il/Elle habit e Vous habit ez Tu habit es Nous habit ons J’ habit e Ils/Elles habitent Il/Elle habite Vous habitez Tu habites Nous habitons J’habite
  6. 6. Spelling change verbs <ul><li>In French there are certain verbs which, for pronunciation purposes , require a small spelling change. Those verbs can be placed into the following categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-ger verbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-cer verbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-érer verbs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The –ger and –cer verbs require only a very small change. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-ger verbs add an e to the nous form to soften the g since it is followed by an o. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nous nageons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-cer verbs add the cédille accent to the c in the nous form to soften it before the o. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nous commençons </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. -cer & -ger verbs <ul><li>Commencer Nager </li></ul>Ils/Elles commenc ent Il/Elle commenc e Vous commenc ez Tu commenc es Nous commen ç ons Je commenc e Ils/Elles nag ent Il/Elle nag e Vous nag ez Tu nag es Nous nag e ons Je nag e
  8. 8. Spelling change verbs cont. <ul><li>The –érer verbs are slightly more complicated. </li></ul><ul><li>The accent inside the boot changes from aigu to grave. </li></ul>Préférer Ils/Elles préf è rent Il/Elle/On préf è re Vous préf é rez Tu préf è res Nous préf é rons Je préf è re
  9. 9. The End <ul><li>That’s all folks! </li></ul>

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