Citizen Journalism Relates to Mass communication and extracted from Journalism Mass Communication It is the study by which individuals and entities relay information through mass media to large segments of the population.
Journalism Practice of investigation and reporting of events, issues, and trends to a broad audience or citizens.
Traditional Journalism Addresses the usual beats of News, Current Affairs, Politics, Sports, Entertainment, Finance Economics and Business News. Missing in the news chain is the technology and innovative factors. The relevancy of news is not balanced with the economic development and real issues. Profit Pressure, Journalistic habit, government regulations, episodic.
Traditional Journalism It involves
Print, TV, and Radio
High operational costs
Specialized skill and training
Long bureaucratic processes
Accountability for output
Citizen Journalism When the people formerly known as the audience employ technology tools they have in their possession to inform one another. The intent of this participation is to provide independent, reliable, accurate, wide-ranging and relevant information that a citizens requires Citizens are now not only being informed but they are also the informers
Evolution of Citizen Journalism Newspapers and broadcast news networks shifts to the Internet Traditional media companies has adopted the feature of Citizen Journalism as: I reporter by CNN iSAMAA by SAMAA TV iExpress by Express News Geo Dost by GEO News
Social Media like Web, Blog, YouTube, SMS, Flickr, live-leak, twitter make this easier and more accessible
Citizen Journalism has become significant People personally witnessing any issue present a different and often more complete picture of events than can be derived from traditional perspectives.
Citizen Journalism has become significant Through blogs, YouTube, twitter citizen journalism has broken many stories about political corruption, police brutality, and other issues of concern to local and national communities
Professional Necessity Degree & certification Promise Codes More like guidelines Know ways of Industry and have experience Know legal aftermaths for unauthorized, untrue, and illegitimate information
Social Media Empowers Citizen Journalism Transforms monologues (one to many) to dialogues (many to many) Democratizes information, transforming people from content readers into publishers Growth is much faster than traditional media.
Social media “Drives” citizen journalism Reach: scalable and global. Accessibility: highly available and low cost. Usability: easy to use. Stability: can be altered almost instantaneously.
Popular social Media network Social Utility - Facebook Video sharing - YouTube Micro Blogging - Twitter Photo Sharing - Flickr Blogging - Blogger Crowdsourcing - Wikipedia
Social media trend in Pakistan Email, Blog, Twitter and SMS has become popular choice and low cost communications. Falling price and improving internet access country wide.
How does it works….! It involves policy more, than technology. Policy for moderation. Citizen can use a range of technologies, digital audio and video, mobile phones, digital camera online tools for posting and accessing stories.
New directions for citizen journalism Crowdsourcing- Uses readers to create a news story. Information is gathered not by journalists but through an alternate medium such as the Web.
Citizen Journalism (in essence) Ultimately, citizen journalism will NOT replace traditional journalism it is evolving it. Technologies have and will continue to allow citizen journalism to develop and become even more dominant in society. The trend is to enhance traditional journalism by engaging “citizen journalists” through “user-generated content”.