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Aligning stakeholders' perspectives in Open Government Data Community

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Open Government Data (OGD) has gained momentum and a large number of portals have become available providing all kind of data. There are many practices available and all kind of technologies enabling …

Open Government Data (OGD) has gained momentum and a large number of portals have become available providing all kind of data. There are many practices available and all kind of technologies enabling the opening of data. Yet the field is fragmented and effective use of open data requires knowledge found in different communities. The goal of the proposed workshop is two-fold. First it aims to contribute to better and shared understanding of concerns across core stakeholder groups in the OGD community. Second, it intends to show and discuss how some emerging technological solutions in the social semantic web and linked data technology domain could effectively address some of these concerns when considered as a part of a socio-technical ensemble.

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  • 1. Copyright 2011 Digital Enterprise Research Institute. All rights reserved. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Aligning Core Stakeholders’ Perspectives and Issues in the OGD Community: Background & OGD Strategies Adegboyega Ojo & Marijn Janssen adegboyega.ojo@deri.org, m.f.w.h.a.janssen@tudelft.nl
  • 2. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Outline 1. Background 2. State of Play 3. Stakeholders 4. Strategies 5. Issues
  • 3. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Public Interest in OGD Public interest in Open Data continues to rise.
  • 4. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Where is the interest from? OD “Hotspots”: US, 2004 – 2009 India, 2007 & 2010 Kenya, July 2011
  • 5. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Search Terms Used Searches on Linked Data, Open Data Centres, Open Government Data are increasing rapidly
  • 6. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Research Interest
  • 7. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Value Propositions o Better informed citizenry and more transparent government o Enhancing accountability by providing information on government spending and performance on programs o Strengthening communities by publishing information on different aspects of the community including demographics, criminal activities, property values, etc. o Increasing direct and indirect revenue for goverment
  • 8. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Some Facts & Figures Capgemini Consulting Report on the Open Data Economy, 2011: o By October 2011, 28 nations around the world already had established Open Data portals [Capgemini 2012]. o Estimated direct impact of Open Data on the EU27 economy by 2013 is about €40 billion o Infomediary sector in Spain as at 2011 generated between €330 – €500 million annually
  • 9. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Outline 1. Background 2. State of Play 3. Stakeholders 4. Strategies 5. Issues
  • 10. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Unveiling the OD Landscape Sources of information: 1) Updated Socrata 2010 Open Government Data Study 2) Capgemini Consulting 3) Analysis of OD research in Scopus database (criteria = Open Data, Open Government data, Linked Data in title)
  • 11. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge OD Practice - Benchmark Benchmark parameters for Capgemini Consulting 2012
  • 12. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Practice - Benchmark Result All so-called Trend Setters have strong political support
  • 13. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Citizen Data of High Value 1) Public Safety (crime data, food inspection) 2) Financial (e.g. Gov. expenditures) 3) Accountability (e.g. campaign finance) 4) Education (e.g. school tests) 5) Gov. Services (where, when, how services can be accessed) 6) Legislative (e.g. voting records) 7) Utilities (water, gas, electrical consumption/prices) 8) Environmental (e.g. air/water quality) 9) Property (property taxes, zoning maps) 10) Public Works (road work, infrastructure) 11) Regulatory (e.g. disclosure for regulated industries) 12) Census (Population, Economy) 13) Transportation (e.g. parking, transit, traffic) 14) Gov. Org Performance (e.g. mission metrics) 15) Corporate (e.g. corp tax returns) From 2011 Socrata’s Study of Open Data Initiatives
  • 14. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge OD Research Landscape Linked datum(325) Semantic Web(208) Semantics(163) Data handling(159) Linked data(152) Data sets(109) Linked Data(93) World Wide Web(88) User interfaces(79) Semantic web(74) Metadata(69) Ontology(65) Human(50) Data structures(44) Humans(42) Open data(39) Information management(35) Data source(34)
  • 15. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Disciplinary Contribution
  • 16. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Sources of OD Research
  • 17. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Outline 1. Background 2. State of Play 3. Stakeholders 4. Strategies 5. Issues
  • 18. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Major Stakeholders o National Governments o Municipal and City Governments o Government Ministries and Agencies o Citizens o International Development Organizations o Global Consulting Organizations o Open Development Foundation o World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) o Open Government Partnership o Academia
  • 19. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge National Government o Development of the Open Data Policy o Development of National Open Data Initiative o Provision of the required instrument o Conforming to International and regional directives on Open Data, e.g. European PSI Directive o Development of the National Open Data Portal Infrastructure o Supporting ministries and lower levels of government in conforming to OD policy o Funding of OD initiative in the regime of free and marginal cost pricing
  • 20. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Municipal/City Government o Conforming to National Open Data policy o Development of City Open Data Strategy o Publishing datasets on both City and National Open Data portals o Ensuring funding and sustainability of OD initiative o Supporting units and departments in publishing their data
  • 21. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge International Organization o Open data for Open and Inclusive Development o Strategy for open data on development and external aid resources o Coordination with OD related international initiatives o Strategy for data quality and access [WB ODI initiative]
  • 22. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Consulting Firms o Economic value of open data o Business models of open data o Measuring Open Data o Open Data based business innovation o Supporting government organizations
  • 23. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Citizens! o Access to open data o Access data deemed of high value o Use of open data to address personal problems o Contributing to the open data community and ecosystem
  • 24. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Academia o Privacy and Security of Open Data o Tools for advanced analytics and visualization of Open Data and Linked Open data o Developing curriculum and training programs for next generation data scientists
  • 25. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Outline 1. Background 2. State of Play 3. Stakeholders 4. Strategies 5. Issues
  • 26. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Strategies for OD Initiatives o Reviewed the following OD Policy and Strategy cases: o European Union o National United Kingdom o Ministries and Department o Republic of Ireland o Government of Queensland o City of Berlin o Capgemini Consulting o Deloitte
  • 27. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Context Examples of contexts for OD initiatives include: o Strategy for smart sustainable growth o High levels of employment, a low carbon economy o Vehicle to implement the PSI directive o Opening up public data resources for re-use o Creation of Digital Single Market o National Open Government program o E-Government Program
  • 28. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Instruments Instruments employed by governments include: o Development of Open Data policy o Issuance of Open Data Directive o Use of an umbrella directive such as the of PSI o Active Stakeholder engagement, e.g. the critical app developer community
  • 29. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Actions - 1 Capgemini’s Focus Areas for OD Initiatives
  • 30. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Action - 2 vision on data for growth and jobs policy development on open data, psi policy deployment - compliance, implementation innovation on tools and method multilingual open data infrastructure more intelligence and knowledge driving new services identify data which should be published be each top level budget areas agree on transparency plans with those responsible identify additional sources of underlying data which should be on national portal work with units to change the way data is published encourage units to seek feedback from customers Agency roadmap data quality and security personal privacy and patient confidentiality Public interest disclosures Licensing identify over time more data that can be released as open data data published as images in reports should be made available in reusable format identify data held and release data by default learning from what is already being done at local and regional levels Example Actions in Strategies
  • 31. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Governance o Agency or Ministry CIO is in charge of transparency o Appointment of a focal point for Open Data initiative o Member State (in regional entities) or State level supervision o DG in agencies retains and appropriately delegate custodianship of data collections to the following: o information management steering committee to approve data collection for their initial release o data custodians to endorse approved dataset for release as open data in o compliance with departmental release conditions and approve subsequent release
  • 32. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Outline 1. Background 2. State of Play 3. Stakeholders 4. Strategies 5. Issues
  • 33. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling Networked Knowledge Challenges Major obstacles faced by Open Data proponents: o political will or leadership o followed by lack of funding o privacy and security concerns