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Transcript

  • 1. The Computer
    EDC5370 – Day 4
  • 2. What is it?
    Device that receives, stores, and processes information
    Tool to augment human intellect and “increase the capability of a man to approach complex problem situation” (Engelbardt, 1962)
  • 3. What forms can it have?
  • 4. Hardware, Software?! What? Where?
    Software = Stuff you install and you can’t touch
    Hardware = Parts that you can touch
    Other Stuff = Processing, Memory, and Input/Output devices (I/O)
  • 5. POP QUIZ!
    CPU
    RAM
    Bit
    Terabyte
  • 6. Who cares?! We are EDUCATORS!
  • 7. Computers and Education
    1700s
    Teacher is the manager of instruction
    1940s
    Vennevar Bush
    First generation computers are created
  • 8. Computers and Education
    1950s
    Technology in classroom = blackboard and TVs
    First gen computers are used outside academia
    GE sells first commercial computer
    Schools overcrowded
  • 9.
  • 10. Computers and Education
    Still in the 1950s
    NDEA (National Defense Education Act) *Vocational schools only
    New technologies for computers +new technologies for space exploration
  • 11. Computers and Education
    1960s
    President Kennedy = more $ into education
    Vocational Act passes
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act*Computers are used for administrators & school counseling (database)
    Vocational training programs include computer maintenance
    Vietnam = $ gone
  • 12. Computers and Education
    Before 1970s
    CAI (Computer Aided Instruction)*Drill-and-practice
    First research and development program*Stanford – Computer Curriculum Corporation*Reading, math, and foreign languages
  • 13. Computers and Education
    1970s
    Invention of Microprocessor*Increased speed + reliability + lower cost
    Debate about computers and education started.
    PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automated Teaching Operations)
    TICCIT (Time-shared, Interactive, Computer-Controlled Information Television)
    15 million PCs worldwide
  • 14. Computers and Education
    1980s
    IBM develops PCs (Personal Computers)
    CAI get acceptance in schools
    computer-based tutorials and learning games are developed
    25% high schools use PCs for college and career guidance
    Schools start using MS-DOS
    Laptops are created
  • 15. Computers and Education
    Part of the 1990s
    Multimedia PCs
    Simulations and educational programs are delivered through CD-ROMs
    Gopher servers = Online-Information
    Schools have at least 1 computer for instructional delivery
    To be continued…
  • 16. Doug Engelbardt
    “Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework”
  • 17. http://www.wordle.net