Job Search and Interview Basics<br />
Starting the Job Search<br /><ul><li>Research Careers/Job Titles and Employers
Be Prepared!!
Stay Organized!!
Utilize all search options
Do not get discouraged!</li></li></ul><li>“The average job seeker spends fewer than 15 hours a week looking a for a job an...
Informational Interviews
Job Shadowing
Volunteer Work
Internships</li></ul>What to look for:<br /><ul><li>Job Titles
Related Careers
Job outlook
Professional Organizations</li></li></ul><li>Employer Research<br /><ul><li>Visit website
What is their mission statement?
What is the company culture?
Does it reflect your values?
Is it a profitable/growing organization?
Are there other locations?
What are the benefits?
Public opinion?</li></li></ul><li>Geographic Research<br /><ul><li>Cost of living
Local job offerings
Local industry
Community issues
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Job Search &amp; Interview Presentation

  1. 1. Job Search and Interview Basics<br />
  2. 2. Starting the Job Search<br /><ul><li>Research Careers/Job Titles and Employers
  3. 3. Be Prepared!!
  4. 4. Stay Organized!!
  5. 5. Utilize all search options
  6. 6. Networking
  7. 7. Follow-up
  8. 8. Do not get discouraged!</li></li></ul><li>“The average job seeker spends fewer than 15 hours a week looking a for a job and gets fewer than two interviews…Job seekers who spend more time actually looking for work find jobs faster than those spending less time.”<br /><ul><li>J. Michael Farr author of The Very Quick Job Search: Get a Better Job in Half the Time</li></li></ul><li>Identifying Careers and Job Titles<br /><ul><li>Career Research
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Informational Interviews
  12. 12. Job Shadowing
  13. 13. Volunteer Work
  14. 14. Internships</li></ul>What to look for:<br /><ul><li>Job Titles
  15. 15. Related Careers
  16. 16. Requirements
  17. 17. Job outlook
  18. 18. Salary
  19. 19. Professional Organizations</li></li></ul><li>Employer Research<br /><ul><li>Visit website
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22. What is their mission statement?
  23. 23. What is the company culture?
  24. 24. Does it reflect your values?
  25. 25. Is it a profitable/growing organization?
  26. 26. Are there other locations?
  27. 27. What are the benefits?
  28. 28. Public opinion?</li></li></ul><li>Geographic Research<br /><ul><li>Cost of living
  29. 29. Local job offerings
  30. 30. Local industry
  31. 31. Weather
  32. 32. Demographics
  33. 33. Community issues
  34. 34. Housing
  35. 35. Education
  36. 36. Healthcare
  37. 37. Political climate
  38. 38. Religion</li></li></ul><li>Preparation<br /><ul><li>Résumés tailored to each job title
  39. 39. Cover letters
  40. 40. 3-5 Solid References
  41. 41. Be sure to ask first
  42. 42. Professional email and voicemail message
  43. 43. Clean online presence</li></ul>-not just setting to private<br /><ul><li>Portfolios
  44. 44. Thank- you cards</li></li></ul><li>Organization<br />Excel Spreadsheet<br /><ul><li>Company information
  45. 45. Contact information for anyone you know in the company
  46. 46. Contact information of the person in charge of hiring
  47. 47. Job requirements
  48. 48. When you applied
  49. 49. Date to Follow-up
  50. 50. Interview information
  51. 51. Thank- you letter sent</li></ul>Computer Files<br /><ul><li>Research about company
  52. 52. Specific résumé and cover letter sent
  53. 53. All correspondence</li></li></ul><li>Hidden Job Market- 80-90%<br /><ul><li>Target company directly:
  54. 54. Company websites
  55. 55. HR departments
  56. 56. Networking!</li></ul>Job Search<br />Advertised Jobs- 10-20%<br /><ul><li>Search engines
  57. 57. Job Tracks
  58. 58.
  59. 59. City specific sites
  60. 60. Job Fairs
  61. 61. MSU
  62. 62. Regional Fairs
  63. 63. Virtual Fairs
  64. 64. Professional Organizations</li></li></ul><li>Networking<br />Online- Free!<br />Li<br />Visual CV<br />n<br />Traditional<br />Networking events<br />Basic phone calls<br />Collecting business cards<br />
  65. 65. Networking<br />The Steps<br />Identify your network<br />Make initial contact and introductions<br />Follow-up on leads<br />Keep in contact<br />
  66. 66. The Rules<br />Never ask for a job! <br />Ask for information<br />Be brief and respectful of time<br />Do not do all of the talking<br />Ask for suggestions on how to expand your network<br />Always follow-up<br />Reciprocation is a must!<br />Send a thank-you note!!!<br />
  67. 67. Follow-up<br />Contact to make sure materials arrived<br />Restate interest in company and position<br />Thank-you notes:<br />Network connections<br />Employers at career fairs<br />AFTER INTERVIEWS!!!<br />
  68. 68. Do Not Get Discouraged!<br /><ul><li>Stay positive and optimistic
  69. 69. Be proactive!!
  70. 70. Rely on a support system
  71. 71. Stress Relief is Essential!!</li></li></ul><li>The Interview<br />
  72. 72. Preparation<br />Identify :<br /><ul><li>Who will be conducting the interview?
  73. 73. Job tiles and how many people
  74. 74. What type of interview?
  75. 75. When will the interview occur?
  76. 76. Exact time
  77. 77. How long it will run
  78. 78. Do you need to complete an application on site?
  79. 79. Where will the interview be taking place?
  80. 80. Exact location- address, building, & room number
  81. 81. Where you should park
  82. 82. Always arrive 20 minutes before scheduled time</li></li></ul><li>Research<br /><ul><li>The Company
  83. 83. The more you know the better you look
  84. 84. The Position
  85. 85. Responsibilities
  86. 86. Salary ranges (
  87. 87. Advancement potential
  88. 88. Identify the skills needed
  89. 89. Yourself
  90. 90. Compile a list of your skills
  91. 91. List your accomplishments
  92. 92. Know your résumé</li></ul>Boeing<br />
  93. 93. 30 Second Commercial<br />
  94. 94. Most Common Interviews<br />Telephone Interviews<br />Long-distance Interviews <br />Group/Panel Interviews <br />Behavioral Interviewing<br />Interviews Over Food <br />
  95. 95. Telephone Interview<br />Room with no distractions<br />Preparation<br />Cheat sheets<br />Listen!!!<br />Ask about next step<br />
  96. 96. Long-Distance Interview<br />No distractions or background noises<br />Cheat sheets off camera<br />Practice to ensure equipment works properly<br />
  97. 97. In-Person<br /><ul><li>What to Bring
  98. 98. Enough copies of your résumé on résumé paper for each person conducting the interview
  99. 99. A list of references on résumé paper
  100. 100. Your portfolio (if needed)
  101. 101. A nice pen
  102. 102. Your planner/calendar</li></ul>What to leave at home<br />Cell phone <br />(at least set to silent)<br />Your children<br />
  103. 103. Group/Panel Interviews<br />Find way to connect with each interviewer<br />Maintain eye contact with each member<br />Shake hands and collect all business cards<br />
  104. 104. Behavioral Interviews<br />Past behavior as an indicator for future behavior<br />Ask for descriptions of how you handled work-related situations<br />Think of stories that demonstrate your skills<br />STAR: Situation-Task-Action-Result<br />
  105. 105. Interview Over Food<br />Avoid hard-to-eat or messy items<br />No alcohol<br />Keep conversation professional<br />Refresh eating etiquette<br />
  106. 106. What to Wear: Women<br /><ul><li>Tattoos/body piercings: conceal tattoos and remove piercings
  107. 107. Jewelry: simple, avoid dangles, 1-2 rings, one necklace and one watch/bracelet
  108. 108. Make-up/nails: neutral shades and subtle. Avoid perfume.</li></ul>Clothing: conservative suit, knee length skirt, or dress pants (black, gray, or navy), with dress shirt<br />Shoes: <2 inch heal, closed toed, and comfortable<br />Hair: traditional styles and colors pulled away from the face<br />
  109. 109. What to wear: Men<br />Tattoos/body piercings: conceal tattoos and remove piercings<br />Jewelry: watch and one ring acceptable<br />Hands: clean and trimmed fingernails<br />Cologne: avoid cologne or strong aftershave<br />Clothing: conservative suit (black, gray, navy) with pressed shirt and tie<br />Shoes: polished dress shoe<br />Hair: well groomed and shorter styles<br />
  110. 110. Body Language<br />Good Posture<br />Eye Contact<br />Hand Gestures<br />Nod While Listening<br />Smile<br />Don’t Fidget!<br />
  111. 111. Decrease Anxiety<br /><ul><li>PRACTICE!!!!
  112. 112. Practice interview with the Career Center
  113. 113. The more prepared you are, the more relaxed you will be and the better you will look
  114. 114. Know your worth
  115. 115. Get plenty of sleep, eat prior to the interview, and avoid too much caffeine
  116. 116. Allow plenty of time for travel
  117. 117. Everyone gets nervous!
  118. 118. Practice relaxation techniques</li></li></ul><li>Common Interview Questions<br />Based around basic points:<br />How do you differ from other candidates?<br />What can you do for us?<br />Why are you here?<br />Can they afford you?<br />Think about the intent of the question and highlight relevant skills<br />
  119. 119. Illegal Questions<br />National origin<br />Ancestry<br />Age<br />Marital status/dependents<br />Sexual orientation<br />Religion<br />Political affiliation<br />Height/weight<br />Disabilities<br />Criminal record<br />Military experience<br />How to Handle Them:<br />Answer at your own risk<br />Ask the relevance<br />Refuse- risk looking confrontational<br />Examine intent and respond appropriately<br />
  120. 120. Prepare to Ask Questions<br />Daily Tasks and Responsibilities<br />Short and Long-term Goals<br />Organizational Structure<br />Performance Evaluations<br />Company Culture<br />Effects of Current Issue (layoffs, merger, etc..)<br />Promotion Potential<br />
  121. 121. Key Points<br />NEVER speak badly about a former employer/job<br />Focus on the positive of every experience<br />Always use each question to highlight your skills and capabilities<br />Avoid “ums” and nervous laughter<br />Stay professional- no profanity!<br />Tell stories!<br />Do not initiate discussion about salary or benefits<br />
  122. 122. End of Interview<br />Thank them for their time<br />Shake hands<br />Collect business cards<br />Establish next step<br />Send thank-you letters to each interviewer<br />Follow-up to determine if a decision has been made<br />
  123. 123. Job Offer<br />Never accept right away!!<br />Discuss salary only after offer has been made<br />Get the offer in writing detailing all benefits<br />Be sure before accepting<br />NEVER back out of a job after accepting the position!!!<br />
  124. 124. Questions???<br />
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