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ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
    IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IN
       CHINA: CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS




“Our environment,...
Agenda

• Background
• Problem
• Hypothesis
• Key Findings and Theories
• Solution- Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
Working at ISB




 Habitat For
  Humanity
School Group
Good Day
Bad Day
Problem?
Contaminated Waterways
Heavy Coal Dependency
Congestion and Pollution
China Environmental
   Policy History
China Environmental
    Policy History
• Comprehensive
  environmental laws
  and MEA
China Environmental
     Policy History
• Comprehensive
  environmental laws
  and MEA

• 11th 5th-year plan =
  20% incre...
China Environmental
     Policy History
• Comprehensive          • 16% of China’s
  environmental laws       energy from
 ...
China Environmental
     Policy History
• Comprehensive          • 16% of China’s
  environmental laws       energy from
 ...
China Environmental
    Policy History
• Comprehensive         • 16% of China’s
  environmental laws      energy from
  an...
Constraints on
          Implementation
                                         Policy Makers give
Lack of Knowledge     ...
Hypothesis

                                                   Effective
Programs aimed at behavioral
                    ...
Literature Review

•   OECD (2005), Environment and Governance in China in China in the World
    Economy: Governance in C...
How do you improve environmental
     policy implementation?

• Economic Incentives- taxes, subsides,
  user fees, carbon ...
How do you improve environmental
     policy implementation?

• Economic Incentives- taxes, subsides,
  user fees, carbon ...
Why Education?
Has the scope to inspire young people and influence their wider social community via family and friends



 ...
Public Participation in
     Environment Protection
        Activities in China
20                                90


   ...
A change in KNOWLEDGE does not equal a change in
                 BEHAVIOR
Early Model of Pro-Environmental
Environmental
                               Behavior
 Knowledge



                 Envi...
2002
Social Behavioral Change Theory

     Social                                    Maintenance      Legal


                 ...
National Renewable Energy Laboratory RnE2EW Bus

•Builton Partnerships
•Travels Nationally
•Eco-Friendly
•Trained Experts
Polish Energy Bus
                    2002-2005




                        •Built on Partnerships
•Converted Metro Bus
  ...
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
                (MEEL)
Information Dissemination on MEEL




            General Public
               Students
          Local Gov’t Officials
  ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
Topics




                General Public
                   Students
              Loca...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
Topics



               Target Groups
                General Public
                  ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
Topics                            Medium



               Target Groups
               ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
Topics                            Medium



               Target Groups
               ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                  Target Gro...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                        Targ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                        Targ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                        Targ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium


Possibilities
                        Targ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Information Dissemination on MEEL
   Topics                            Medium

                                           ...
Direct and Indirect
             Results
                                 Indirect Results
     Direct Results
           ...
Social Behavioral Change
        Mobile Energy Education Laboratory

                     Maintenance
     Social         ...
Social Behavioral Change
        Mobile Energy Education Laboratory

                     Maintenance
     Social         ...
Social Behavioral Change
        Mobile Energy Education Laboratory

                     Maintenance
     Social         ...
Social Behavioral Change
        Mobile Energy Education Laboratory

                     Maintenance
     Social         ...
Future
Recommendations
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
Future
       Recommendations
To implement environmental polices in china:
• Economic Incentives
• Financial
• Monitoring ...
....Final Thought
Be The Change
            you Wish To See
             in the world
Questions
Research Questions

• How does energy education improve
  implementation of environmental
  polices?
• How do you raise en...
Presentation Capstone
Presentation Capstone
Presentation Capstone
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  • More than 70% of china’s urban waterways are said to be contaminated with chemicals and effluent
  • China is a coal based economy-- this massive consumption leads to heavy emssions of CO2 which is a major source of acid rain and a global-scale air pollution,. Its coastal waters and regional seas are suffering from an increasing burden of land-based pollution in many areas; Effects every single ecosystem
    Addiontally Cities suffer from dangerously high levels of particle matter and green house gases, which effect health and leads to an increase of cancer and respiratory diesases

  • China, however, remains the second largest contributor of greenhouse gases, and is still the
    world’s largest producer and consumer of ozone-depleting substances






  • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA- including a clean air act, waste management act and solida hazadours waste act
    11th 5th-year plan sets out ambitious targets for 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020. 16% of China’s energy from renewable sources
    Overall 10% decrease in emissions by 2010
    The main problem is that there lack of strong monitoring, inspection and enforcement capabilities, which leads to the lack of effectiveness of otherwise sound policies, laws and regulations



  • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA- including a clean air act, waste management act and solida hazadours waste act
    11th 5th-year plan sets out ambitious targets for 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020. 16% of China’s energy from renewable sources
    Overall 10% decrease in emissions by 2010
    The main problem is that there lack of strong monitoring, inspection and enforcement capabilities, which leads to the lack of effectiveness of otherwise sound policies, laws and regulations



  • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA- including a clean air act, waste management act and solida hazadours waste act
    11th 5th-year plan sets out ambitious targets for 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020. 16% of China’s energy from renewable sources
    Overall 10% decrease in emissions by 2010
    The main problem is that there lack of strong monitoring, inspection and enforcement capabilities, which leads to the lack of effectiveness of otherwise sound policies, laws and regulations



  • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA- including a clean air act, waste management act and solida hazadours waste act
    11th 5th-year plan sets out ambitious targets for 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020. 16% of China’s energy from renewable sources
    Overall 10% decrease in emissions by 2010
    The main problem is that there lack of strong monitoring, inspection and enforcement capabilities, which leads to the lack of effectiveness of otherwise sound policies, laws and regulations



  • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA- including a clean air act, waste management act and solida hazadours waste act
    11th 5th-year plan sets out ambitious targets for 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020. 16% of China’s energy from renewable sources
    Overall 10% decrease in emissions by 2010
    The main problem is that there lack of strong monitoring, inspection and enforcement capabilities, which leads to the lack of effectiveness of otherwise sound policies, laws and regulations



  • - implementation is important to systematically study as it is a key feature to the policy process and learning from implementation problems can foster learning about better ways to structure policies to ensure that they have the effects that designers of such policies seek.
    - top down or bottom up approaches to implementatio
  • What i hope to accomplish is how one with appropriate mix of programs and polices to can help implement these sound environmental polices.




  • Behavior change can only take place in the context of an enabling and supportive environment.

    To be able to fully adapt these environmental policies need to have own personal ability to understand the impacts of a poor environment has on health and overall wellbeing.

    Environmental letters of complaints can be one indicator of environmental protection consciousness. Increase letters of complaints to the governments show increase concern and awareness of what can be done. Although there are no clause in the government laws that will allow

    1998 150,000 letters
    2004- 600,000 Letters


    Since the 1970s with the fall of Mao and the “ opening-up” of the country one can see the runs parrell to an rise in environmental disputes fueled by a sense of indiviudal rights related to increasing openiness and prospering.
    50,000 environmental disputes in May 2006 were reported, which ultimately threatens authority

    June 2007 citizens of Xiamen a city at the southeastern coast known for it’s eco tourism industry demonstrated aganist the construction of a chemical factory in their city.
    In May 2008, citizens of Chengu demonstrated against hte contrstucion of a pterochemcial facorty and oil refinery citing envionmental concerns.

    These examples prove that the chinese have the mindset to adapt their behaviour and make a change in their own habits and lifestyle to save the environment from furhter degradation.
  • The chinese environmental awareness program conducted public environmental survey in 2007 providing details about environmental awareness,raise awareness through the whole nation and provide scientific data on decision making. the respondants were living in both urban and rural areas, ranging in age from 16-69. Exactly 3001 people from 20 provinces

    Active Participation
    18% participate in environmental public welfare activies
    4% work to promote the environment
    2% become a member of an NGO
    Passive Participation

    82% watch environment related programs and documentaries on the internet and TV
    47% read environment related newspapers and magaziens
    42% look at public welfare ads or slogans
    25% Listen to related radio programs
    18% recieve related handouts or maunuals on environmental protection


  • Model made in 2002 in their report called, Mind the Gap: Why do people act in environmentally and what are the barriers to thpro-environmental behaviour

    They see environmental knowledge values and attidutes, together with emotional involvemnt as making up a complex, “pro-enviornmental consciousness”

    They identify certain factors
    Demographics- such as gender and years of education
    Longer the education the more extensive the knowledge about environmental issues. But more knowledge doesn’t
  • Behavioral change is a process that involves both progress and period relapse. Like discussed before behavior change can only take place in the context of an enabling and supportive environment. We are using this model to understand my final possible solution to implementing environmental policy.
    Social Features-
    Cultural- behaviors and attitudes considered acceptable in given contexts

    Ethical and Spiritual- influence of persnal and shared vvalues and disucssion about moral systems
  • NREL began through a partnership with the US Dept of Energy, Midwest Reserach Institue and BP america. Based in Colorado, but travels all over the United States.
    Renewable Energy and Efficiently Education on Wheels
    Propane Fueled Van
    Educational Outreach Vehicle
    Designed to educate students, teachers and the communti in Renewabe energy by proving handson demonstration to both the public and local schools.
    2007- one Renew bus reached 65 teachers, 4600 students and 3695 consumers
  • Refurbished city bus that includes poster displays, shelves of infromational material, dislay areas for demonstration objects and a conference area. Two television screens for visual presetnations and onboard computer facilites. similar projects were found in Berling belgum and the Netherlands. The bus would travel to local commuities, schools, business and other public spaces

    Energy bus was an overall success and attracted more than 25,000 visitors by 2004 and by completion 50,000 in 2005.

    Those that visited the bus 30% said they wanted to implement the measures immediately whitle 56% said they would implement these measures sometime in the future
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.
  • THe goal of the MEEL and it’s energy campiagns is to increase access to the latest avaliable renewable energy information, technologies, reoources and provide spatially set out learning tools to stuents and teh gneral public

    Mayoral Case Study for Joint Us China Cooperation on Clean Energy.
    The mayors will recieve these case studies and try to implement these in their local communities.































  • Transcript of "Presentation Capstone"

    1. 1. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IN CHINA: CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS “Our environment, the world in which we live and work, is a mirror of our attitudes and expectations.”- Earl Nightingale
    2. 2. Agenda • Background • Problem • Hypothesis • Key Findings and Theories • Solution- Mobile Energy Education Laboratory
    3. 3. Working at ISB Habitat For Humanity School Group
    4. 4. Good Day
    5. 5. Bad Day
    6. 6. Problem?
    7. 7. Contaminated Waterways
    8. 8. Heavy Coal Dependency
    9. 9. Congestion and Pollution
    10. 10. China Environmental Policy History
    11. 11. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA
    12. 12. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive environmental laws and MEA • 11th 5th-year plan = 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020.
    13. 13. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive • 16% of China’s environmental laws energy from and MEA renewable sources • 11th 5th-year plan = 20% increase in energy productivity by 2020.
    14. 14. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive • 16% of China’s environmental laws energy from and MEA renewable sources • 11th 5th-year plan = • 10% decrease in 20% increase in emissions by 2010 energy productivity by 2020.
    15. 15. China Environmental Policy History • Comprehensive • 16% of China’s environmental laws energy from and MEA renewable sources • 11th 5th-year plan = • 10% decrease in 20% increase in emissions by 2010 energy productivity • PROBLEM: Lack of by 2020. environmental enforcement, compliance and implementation
    16. 16. Constraints on Implementation Policy Makers give Lack of Knowledge Credibility Low Priority to Behavioral Change Funding National Curricula External Influences Measuring Success
    17. 17. Hypothesis Effective Programs aimed at behavioral Improved change and improving public Implementation participation through environmental of Chinese Environmental Education awareness and Campaigns for both local Environmental government officials and the stewardship Polices general public • How does energy education improve implementation of environmental polices?
    18. 18. Literature Review • OECD (2005), Environment and Governance in China in China in the World Economy: Governance in China Public Participation in Environmental Governance in China. Tianbao, Qin, • and Zhao Xiaobo. Joint US-China Cooperation on Clean Energy. JUCCCE. www.juccce.com • • China Environmental Awareness Program- 2007 China General Public Environmental Survey • Mind the Gap: Why do People Act Environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environment behavior Anja Kollmuss & Julian Agyeman
    19. 19. How do you improve environmental policy implementation? • Economic Incentives- taxes, subsides, user fees, carbon trading, etc... • Education- to improve public participation, local government officials and general public’s environmental awareness
    20. 20. How do you improve environmental policy implementation? • Economic Incentives- taxes, subsides, user fees, carbon trading, etc... • Education- to improve public participation, local government officials and general public’s environmental awareness
    21. 21. Why Education? Has the scope to inspire young people and influence their wider social community via family and friends • Environmental 600000 Awareness on the rise in China 450000 • Increase awareness 300000 of new technologies • Offers feasible 150000 solutions 1998 0 2004 Needs enabling and supportive environment Environmental Letters of Complaints in China *Statistics from Chinese National Statistics Databank
    22. 22. Public Participation in Environment Protection Activities in China 20 90 T 68 C I 15 A N P M V T U 45 N 10 P E B E C W A A R L S 23 M I N P P I 5 A R A G E C P A I 0 E D G N T Handouts R I N WORK NGO S O 0 2007 2007 Passive Participation Active Participation chinese environmental awareness program
    23. 23. A change in KNOWLEDGE does not equal a change in BEHAVIOR
    24. 24. Early Model of Pro-Environmental Environmental Behavior Knowledge Environmental Attitude ...circa 1970 Pro-Environmental Behavior
    25. 25. 2002
    26. 26. Social Behavioral Change Theory Social Maintenance Legal Personal Behavior Change Action Political Cultural Preparation Resources Contemplation Ethical/Spiritual Pre-contemplation
    27. 27. National Renewable Energy Laboratory RnE2EW Bus •Builton Partnerships •Travels Nationally •Eco-Friendly •Trained Experts
    28. 28. Polish Energy Bus 2002-2005 •Built on Partnerships •Converted Metro Bus •Trained Experts Wide Audience • •Variety of Learning Mediums
    29. 29. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    30. 30. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    31. 31. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    32. 32. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    33. 33. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    34. 34. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    35. 35. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    36. 36. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    37. 37. The Mobile Energy Education Laboratory (MEEL)
    38. 38. Information Dissemination on MEEL General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
    39. 39. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
    40. 40. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Target Groups General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
    41. 41. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Target Groups General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
    42. 42. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Target Groups General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
    43. 43. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
    44. 44. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Communities
    45. 45. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments
    46. 46. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments Significance
    47. 47. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium Possibilities Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments Significance Resources
    48. 48. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments Significance Resources
    49. 49. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Workshops Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Instruments Significance Resources
    50. 50. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Workshops Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Discussion Instruments Sessions Significance Resources
    51. 51. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Workshops Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Discussion Instruments Sessions Significance Expert Talks Resources
    52. 52. Information Dissemination on MEEL Topics Medium “Hands On” Possibilities Presentations Target Groups Role General Public Students Workshops Local Gov’t Officials Tools and Communities Discussion Instruments Sessions Significance Expert Talks “Take Home” Resources Materials
    53. 53. Direct and Indirect Results Indirect Results Direct Results Increased energy consumption awareness MEEL Detailed energy knowledge base Access to newest energy Energy savings technologies Change in energy consumption patterns Increased number of Creation of Jobs trained professionals Lower Emissions Increased knowledge base Network of Business and NGOs
    54. 54. Social Behavioral Change Mobile Energy Education Laboratory Maintenance Social Legal Action Cultural Political Preparation Ethical/Spirtual Contemplation Resources Pre-contemplation
    55. 55. Social Behavioral Change Mobile Energy Education Laboratory Maintenance Social Legal Action Cultural Political Preparation Ethical/Spirtual Contemplation Resources Pre-contemplation
    56. 56. Social Behavioral Change Mobile Energy Education Laboratory Maintenance Social Legal Action Cultural Political Preparation Ethical/Spirtual Contemplation Resources Pre-contemplation
    57. 57. Social Behavioral Change Mobile Energy Education Laboratory Maintenance Social Legal Action Cultural Political Preparation Ethical/Spirtual Contemplation Resources Pre-contemplation
    58. 58. Future Recommendations
    59. 59. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china:
    60. 60. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives
    61. 61. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial
    62. 62. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation
    63. 63. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation • Transparency and Frameworks for all Laws and Regulations
    64. 64. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation • Transparency and Frameworks for all Laws and Regulations • Public participation
    65. 65. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation • Transparency and Frameworks for all Laws and Regulations • Public participation
    66. 66. Future Recommendations To implement environmental polices in china: • Economic Incentives • Financial • Monitoring and Evaluation • Transparency and Frameworks for all Ed u c a Laws and Regulations tio n • Public participation
    67. 67. ....Final Thought
    68. 68. Be The Change you Wish To See in the world Questions
    69. 69. Research Questions • How does energy education improve implementation of environmental polices? • How do you raise environmental awareness through education?
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