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Surrealism, regionalism, mexico
 

Surrealism, regionalism, mexico

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    Surrealism, regionalism, mexico Surrealism, regionalism, mexico Presentation Transcript

    • SURREALISMInspired by Dadaists, especially theirimprovisational techniques, automaticwriting- Dreams (sparked by the work ofSigmund Freud and Carl Jung)- Andre Breton’s Surrealist ManifestoThe Subconscious , fantasy- Brings outer and inner “reality” together– much like dreams- Naturalistic Surrealism draws fromlife, using recognizable objects in ametaphorical way- Biomorphic Surrealism is mostlyabstract, but suggest organisms ornatural forms
    • Giorgio De ChiricoThe Melancholy and Mysteryof a Street1914oil on canvas34 1/4 x 28 1/4 in.
    • Max ErnstTwo Children Are Threatened by aNightingale1924Oil on wood with wood construction2’3” x 1’10” x 4”
    • Hitler and “Degenerate Art”
    • Salvador DaliThe Persistence of Memory1931oil on canvas9 1/2 x 13 in.“…to materialize the images of concrete irrationality withthe most imperialistic fury of precision…in order that theworld of imagination and of concrete irrationality may beas objectively evident…as that of the exterior world ofphenomenal reality”
    • Salvador DaliThe Metamorphosis of Narcissus1937oil on canvas51.2 x 78.5 cm
    • Salvador Dali and Louis BuñuelUn Chien Andalou1929motion picture
    • René MagritteThe Treachery of Images1928-29oil on canvas23 1/4 x 31 1/2 in.
    • René MagritteThe Rape1934oil on canvas77.5 x 58.7 cm
    • Meret OppenheimObject1936fur-Covered cup, saucer and spoon2 7/8 in. high
    • Joan MiroPainting1933oil on canvas5’8” x 6’5” Automatism – the creation of art without conscious control
    • Paul KleeTwittering Machine1922Watercolor and pen and ink, onoil transfer drawing onpaper, mounted on cardboard2’1” x 1’7”
    • Kazimir MalevichSuprematist Composition: AirplaneFlying1915oil on canvas1’10” x 1’7”SUPREMATISMPURE FEELING!
    • Naum GaboColumn1923Perspex, wood, metal, glass3’5” x 2’5” x 2’5”CONSTRUCTIVISM
    • Piet MondrianComposition withRed, Blue and Yellow1930oil on canvas20 1/8 x 20 1/8 in.DE STIJL –The Style
    • Piet MondrianBroadway Boogie Woogie1943oil on canvas50 x 50 in.
    • Constantin BrancusiBird in Space1924Bronze4’2”
    • Henry MooreReclining Figure1939Elm wood3’1” x 6’7” x 2’6”
    • American Art 1930-1945• Exposure to modern art through Armory show and influx of foreign artists• Artists relocated to America after the havoc WWII was wreaking on Europe(Dali, Grosz, Ernst)• Hitler and degenerate art• Museums hosted foreign artist exhibitions• MoMa and it’s role in American Modern Art• Many artists returned to Europe after the war, but left a strong impression on Americanart
    • Alexander CalderLobster Trap and FishTail1939Painted sheet aluminumand wire8’6” x 9’6”
    • The Effects of the Great DepressionDorothea LangeMigrant Mother,Nipomo Valley1935Gelatin silver print1’1” x 9”
    • Edward HopperNighthawks1942oil on canvas2’6” x 4’8”
    • How are thesepaintings related?
    • Grant WoodAmerican Gothic1930oil on canvas2’5” x 2’REGIONALISM“Quaint, humorous and AMERICAN”Benton, Pioneer Days and Early Settlers, 1936
    • Diego RiveraAncient Mexico, from History ofMexico1929-1935FrescoMEXICAN ART
    • Frida KahloThe Two Fridas1939Oil on canvas5’7” x 5’7”