19th century continued…PRE-MODERNISM: REALISM & THEPRE-RAPHAELITE BROTHERHOOD
Ah, Romanticism…isn’t it romantic?REALISM – no! get REAL!• Started in mid 1800s France• Influenced by Positivism, a philosophical model developed by Auguste Comte • Knowledge must come from proven ideas based on science or scientific theory • Darwin! Karl Marx!• Artists depicted scenes of everyday contemporary life, disproved of historical or fictional subjects, they weren’t REAL• “[An artist must apply] his personal faculties to the ideas and events of the times in which he lives… Art in painting should consist only in the representation of things visible and tangible to the artist. Every age should be respected only by its own artists, that is to say, by the artists who have lived in it. I also maintain that painting is an essentially concrete art form and can consist only of the representation of both real and existing things.” – Courbet, 1861
Gustave CourbetThe Stone Breakers “Show me an angel and I’ll paint one” –1849oil on canvas Courbet’s famous words sum up Realism5 ft. 3 in. x 8 ft. 6 in.
Gustave CourbetBurial at Ornans1849oil on canvas10 ft. x 22 ft.
Jean-François MilletThe Gleaners1857oil on canvas2 ft. 9 in. x 3 ft. 8 in.
Honoré DaumierRue Transnonian1834lithograph12 x 17 1/2 in.
Honoré DaumierThe Third-Class Carriageca. 1862oil on canvas2 ft. 1 3/4 in. x 2 ft. 11 1/2 in.
Rosa BonheurThe Horse Fair1853-1855oil on canvas8 ft. 1/4 in. x 16 ft. 7 1/2 in.
Édouard ManetLe Déjuner sur l’Herbe1863oil on canvas7 ft. x 8 ft. 10 in.
Édouard ManetOlympia1863oil on canvas4 ft. 3 in. x 6 ft. 3 in.
TitianVenus of Urbino1538oil on canvas4 ft. x 5 ft. 6 in.
Adolphe-William Bouguereau, Nymphs andSatyr, 1873, oil on canvas8 ft. 6 in. high
Wilhelm LeiblThree Woman in a Village Church1878-1881oil on canvasapproximately 2 ft. 5 in. x 1 ft. 1 in.
Winslow HomerThe Veteran in a New Field1865oil on canvas2 ft. 1/8 in. x 3 ft. 2 1/8 in.
Thomas EakinsThe Gross Clinic1875oil on canvas8 ft. x 6 ft. 6 in.
John Singer SargentThe Daughters ofEdward Darley Boit1882oil on canvas7 ft. 3 3/8 in. x 7 ft. 3 5/8 in.
Henry Ossawa Tanner, The Thankful Poor 1894Henry Ossawa Tanner, The Banjo Lesson oil on canvas 2 ft. 11 1/2 in. x 3 ft. 8 1/4 in.
Edmonia LewisForever Free1867marble3 ft. 5 1/4 in. x 11 in. x 7 in.
Pre-RaphaelitesFictional, historical and fanciful subjects with a convincing degree of illusion Refused to be limited to contemporary scenes of the REALIST movement
Her clothes spread wide,John Everett Millais And mermaidlike awhile they bore her up-Ophelia Which time she chanted snatches of old tunes, As one incapable of her own distress.1852oil on canvas2 ft. 6 in. x 3 ft. 8 in.
Dante Gabriel RossettiBeata Beatrixca. 1863oil on canvas2 ft. 10 in. x 2 ft. 2 in.