Italy 1200 to 1400

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  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
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  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights. As you venerate, while passing before it, this figure of the intact Virgin, beware lest you omit to say a Hail Mary ”
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights. Ars utinam mores animumque effingere posset! Pulchrior in terris nulla tabella foret. "O that art could imitate his mind and personality! There would be no more beautiful painting in the whole world. ”
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
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  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
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  • Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhD FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY For publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.
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Transcript

  • 1. Quattrocento Italian Art
  • 2. Early Renaissance Theme PMA - Perspective - Modeling - Anatomy“Positive Mental Attitude” P=AM^2
  • 3. What was happening during the quattrocento?• Humanism flourished!• Gutenberg’s printing press• Wealth & Power – Condottieri (military leaders) – Princely Courts – The Medici Family
  • 4. The Baptistery doorcompetition of 1401-Originally 7 finalists,only 2 panels survive-Between Brunelleschi &Ghiberti
  • 5. Filippo BrunelleschiSacrifice of Isaac1401-1402gilded bronze relief1 ft. 9 in. x 1 ft. 5 in.
  • 6. Lorenzi GhibertiSacrifice of Isaac1401-1402gilded bronze relief1 ft. 9 in. x 1 ft. 5 in.
  • 7. Or San Michele, Florence, Italy Guilds commission sculptures for niches
  • 8. Nanni di BancoQuattro Santo CoronatiOr San Michele, Florence, Italyca. 1408-1414marblefigure approximately life-size
  • 9. DonatelloSaint MarkOr San Michele, Florence, Italy1411-1413marblefigure 7 ft. 9 in. high
  • 10. DonatelloSaint GeorgeOr San Michele, Florence, Italy1411-1413marblefigure 6 ft. 10 in. high
  • 11. DonatelloFeast of HerodBaptistery,Siena Cathedralca. 1425gilded bronze relief1 ft. 11 in. x 1 ft. 11 in.
  • 12. Lorenzo GhibertiGates of ParadiseBaptistery, Florence Cathedral1425-1452gilded bronze reliefapproximately 17 ft. high
  • 13. Perspective - constructing convincing illusion of space in 2Dimagery Linear perspective Atmospheric perspective
  • 14. Lorenzo GhibertiGates of ParadiseIsaac and His SonsBaptistery, Florence Cathedral1425-1452gilded bronze reliefpanel approximately 2 ft. 7 1/2 in. x 2 ft. 7 1/2 in.
  • 15. Lorenzo GhibertiIsaac and His SonsBaptistery, Florence Cathedral1425-1452gilded bronze relief
  • 16. Symbol of FlorenceFirst fully nude malefreestandingsculpture sinceantiquity Donatello David ca. 1428-1432 bronze 5 ft. 2 1/4 in. high
  • 17. Andrea del VerrocchioDavidca. 1465-1470bronzeapproximately 4 ft. 1 1/2 in. high
  • 18. Antonio PollaiuoloHercules and Anteusca. 1475bronzeapproximately 18 in. high
  • 19. Condottieres (military leaders)DonatelloGattamelata (Erasmo da Narni)Piazza del Santo, Padua, Italyca. 1445-1450bronzeapproximately 11 x 13 ft.
  • 20. Andrea del VerrocchioBartolommeo ColleoniCampo dei Santi, Venice Italyca. 1483-1488bronzeapproximately 13 ft. high
  • 21. FLORENTINE PAINTINGGentile da FabrianoAdoration of the MagiAltarpiecefrom Santa Trinita,Florence, Italy1423tempera on woodapproximately9 ft. 11 in. x 9 ft. 3 in.
  • 22. MasaccioTribute MoneyBrancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, Italyca. 1427fresco8 ft. 1 in. x 19 ft. 7 in.
  • 23. MasaccioExpulsion of Adam and Eve from EdenBrancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine,Florence, Italyca. 1425fresco7 ft. x 2 ft. 11 in.
  • 24. One-point perspectiveMasaccioHoly TrinitySanta Maria Novella, Florence, Italyca. 1428fresco21 ft. x 10 ft. 5 in.
  • 25. MasaccioHoly TrinitySanta Maria Novella, Florence, Italyca. 1428fresco21 ft. x 10 ft. 5 in.
  • 26. Pyramidalcomposition
  • 27. “I was once what you are, and what I am you will become”
  • 28. Fra AngelicoAnnunciationSan Marco, Florence, Italyca. 1440-1445fresco7 ft. 1 in. x 10 ft. 6 in.
  • 29. Andrea del CastagnoLast SupperRefectory monastery of Sant’Apollonia,Florence, Italy1447frescoapproximately 15 x 32 ft.
  • 30. Fra Filippo Lippi, the Florentine badboyFra Filippo LippiMadonna and Child with Angelsca. 1455tempera on woodapproximately 3 ft. x 2 ft. 1 in.
  • 31. Domenico GhirlandaioBirth of the VirginSanta Maria Novella, Florence, Italy1485-1490fresco Religious + secular imagery
  • 32. Domenico GhirlandaioGiovanna Tornabuoni1448oil and tempera on woodapproximately 2 ft. 6 in. x 1 ft. 8 in.
  • 33. Paolo UccelloBattle of San Romanoca. 1455tempera on woodapproximately 6 ft. x 10 ft. 5 in. Gentile’s “Adoration of the Magi”
  • 34. Sandro BotticelliPrimaveraca. 1482tempera on canvas5 ft. 8 in. x 9 ft. 1 in.
  • 35. Sandro Botticelli Medici patronage reflects their sincereThe Birth of Venus love of art and wide and eclectic tastesca. 1482tempera on canvas5 ft. 8 in. x 9 ft. 1 in.
  • 36. Antonio Pollaiuolo écorchéBattle of the Ten Nudesca. 1465engravingapproximately 15 x 23 in.
  • 37. Innovations: -Double shell -Ribs -Heavy lanternFilippo Brunelleschidome of Florence CathedralFlorence, Italy1420-1436 **Roman influence!
  • 38. Filippo Brunelleschiinterior of Santo SpiritoFlorence, Italybegun ca. 1436
  • 39. Filippo Brunelleschiplan of Santo SpiritoFlorence, Italybegun ca. 1436 planned constructed
  • 40. Filippo Brunelleschiinterior of Santo SpiritoFlorence, Italybegun ca. 1436
  • 41. Filippo BrunelleschiPazzi, Chapel, Santa CroceFlorence, Italybegun ca. 1440
  • 42. Filippo Brunelleschi(loggia by Giuliano da Maiano)Pazzi, Chapel, Santa CroceFlorence, Italybegun ca. 1440
  • 43. Family endowed chapelsFilippo BrunelleschiPazzi, Chapel, Santa CroceFlorence, Italybegun ca. 1440 “pietra serena”
  • 44. CorniceStringcoursesDressed masonryRusticationMichelozzo di BartolommeoPalazzo Medici-RiccardiFlorence, Italybegun 1444 Why didn’t Brunellechi design the Medici Palace?
  • 45. Michelozzo di BartolommeoPalazzo Medici-RiccardiFlorence, Italybegun 1444
  • 46. Leon Battista Alberti•First Renaissance architect to understand RomanArchitecture in depth•Advocated a system of ideal proportions • central plan as ideal form for Christian churches • an arch should be supported by a section of wall (a pier) and not by a column • Disposed of medieval arcade used for centuries•Applied classical elements to contemporarybuildings
  • 47. Leon Battista AlbertiPalazzo RucellaiFlorence, Italyca. 1452-1470
  • 48. Leon Battista AlbertiWest façade of Santa Maria NovellaFlorence, Italy San Miniatoca. 1458-1470
  • 49. PeruginoChrist Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint PeterSistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome, Italy1481-1483fresco11 ft. 5 1/2 in. x 18 ft. 8 1/2 in.
  • 50. Savonarola – Burn the vanities! Exile the Medici!Luca SignorelliDamned Cast into HellSan Brizio Chapel, Orvietto Cathedral,Orvietto, Italy1499-1504frescoapproximately 23 ft. wide
  • 51. “Sacra conversazione”Piero della FrancescaEnthroned Madonna and SaintsAdored by Federico de Montefeltroca. 1472-1474oil on panel8 ft. 2 in. x 5 ft. 7 in.
  • 52. Piero della FrancescaFlagellation of Christca. 1455-65oil on panel1’11” x 2’8” Piero Mathematics
  • 53. How does Alberti combineclassical elements to fit aChristian purpose?Leon Battista Albertifaçade of Sant’AndreaMantua, Italydesigned ca. 1470
  • 54. +
  • 55. Sant’Andrea, interior
  • 56. Andrea MantegnaCamera degli SposiPalazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy1474fresco
  • 57. Andrea MantegnaCamera degli Sposi ceilingPalazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy1474fresco8 ft. 9 in. diameter
  • 58. Andrea MantegnaDead Christca. 1501tempera on canvas2 ft. 2 3/4 in. x 2 ft. 7 7/8 in.
  • 59. Sandro BotticelliPortrait of a Youthearly 1480stempera on panel16 x 12 in.
  • 60. Domenico GhirlandaioA Man with His Grandchildca. 1480-90oil and tempera on wood24 3/8 in. x 18 1/8 in.