Mausoleum of Galla PlacidiaRavenna, Italyca. 425
Christ as the Good Shepherdfrom the entrance wall of the Mausoleum of Galla PlacidiaRavenna, Italyca. 425tessera mosaic
Saint Apollinare NuovoRavenna, Italydedicated 504
Rossano Gospelsearly 6th centurytempera on purple vellum11 x 10 1/4 in.
Suicide of Judas and Crucifixionfrom a casketca. 420ivory3 x 3 7/8 in.
BYZANTINE ART The four F’s • FLAT • FORMAL • FRONTAL • FLOATING
Anthemius of Tralles & Isidorus of MiletusHagia SophiaConstantinpole, (Istanbul), Turkey532-537
pendentiveAnthemius of Tralles &Isidorus of MiletusHagia SophiaConstantinpole, (Istanbul), Turkey532-537
San VitaleRavenna, Italy526-547
San VitaleRavenna, Italy526-547
Justinian, Bishop Maximianus and attendantsnorth wall apse mosaic, San VitaleRavenna, Italyca. 547mosaic
Theodora and attendantssouth wall apse mosaic, San VitaleRavenna, Italyca. 547mosaic
Saint Apollinaris amid sheepSant’Apollinare in ClasseRavenna, Italy533-549mosaic
Transfiguration of Jesusapse mosaic, Church of the VirginMonastery of Saint CatherineMount Sinai, Egyptca. 565 mandorlamosaic
Virgin (Theotokos) and Childbetween Saints Theodore and George, iconFrom Monastery of Saint CatherineMount Sinai, Egypt6th or early 7th centuryencaustic on wood2 ft. 3 in. x 1 ft. 7 3/8 in.
Justinian as world conqueror(Barberini Ivory)mid-6th centuryivory1 ft. 1 1/2 in. x 10 1/2 in.-narrative-classical influence
Saint Michael the Archangelearly-6th centuryivory1 ft. 5 in. x 5 1/2 in.-space-classical influence-patron saint of Hagia Sophia
Pantocratordome mosaicin the Church of the DormitionDaphni, Greececa. 1090-1100mosaic
Crucifixionin the Church of the DormitionDaphni, Greececa. 1090-1100mosaic
PantocratorCathedral at MonrealeMonreale, Sicily, Italyca. 1180-1190mosaic
Anastasisapse fresco in parekklision of the Church of Christ in ChoraConstantinpole, (Istanbul), Turkeyca. 1310-1320fresco
Virgin (Theotokos) and Child, iconLate 11th to early 12th centurytempera on wood2 ft. 6 1/2 in. x 1 ft. 9 in.
Andrei RublyevThree Angels, iconca. 1410tempera on wood4 ft. 8 in. x 3 ft. 9 in.
Early Medieval Art Tribes Vikings Hiberno-Saxons Carolingian Ottonian
Purse coverfrom the Sutton Hoo ship burialSuffolk, Englandca. 625gold, glass and enamel cloisonné with garnets and emeralds7 1/2 in. long Compare to Islamic interlace patterns
VIKINGAnimal-Head PostOseberg, Norwayca. 825woodapproximately 5 in. high
Hiberno-Saxon (Celtic)Cross and Carpet pageLindisfarne GospelsNorthumbria, Englandca. 698 - 721tempera on vellum13 1/2 x 9 1/4 in.
*Horror Vacui – latin for “fear of empty spaces”Chi-rho-iota pageBook of Kellsfrom Iona, Scotland8th - 9th centuriestempera on vellum13 x 9 1/2 in.
CAROLINGIANEquestrian portrait of Charlemagne(?)from Metz, Franceearly 9th centurybronze, originally gilt9 1/2 in. high
St. MatthewCoronation GospelsAachen, Germanyca. 800-810ink and tempera on vellum12 3/4 x 10 in.
Saint MatthewEbbo GospelsHautvillers, Franceca. 816 - 835ink and tempera on vellum10 1/4 x 8 3/4 in.
Odo of MetzInterior of the Palatine Chapelof CharlemagneAachen, Germanyca. 792-805
Abbey Church of St. Michael’sHildesheim, Germany OTTONIANca. 1001-1031
Doors with relief panelsGenesis, left door - Christ, right doorHildesheim, Germanyca. 1001-1031
Crucifixcommissioned by Archbishop GeroCologne Cathedral, Germanyca. 970painted wood6 ft. 2 in. high
Otto III enthronedGospel Book of Otto IIIfrom Trier, Germanyca. 997-1000tempera on vellum13 x 9 3/8 in.
Romanesque Stone masonry, new vaultingChurch building techniques, “blocky” appearance • Build it (block by block) and they will come pilgrimages
Radiating chapelsplan of Saint EtienneVignory, Franceca. 1050-1057
Saint-SerninToulouse, Franceca. 1070-1120
Interior of Santa Sabina, 422, Rome *compartments of space replaced long flat wallsInterior of Saint-SerninToulouse, Franceca. 1070-1120
Historiated capitalsCloister of Saint-PierreMoissac, Franceca. 1100-1115marblepiers approximately 6 ft. high
Christ in Majestywith angels and the Twenty-FourEldersTympanum of the south portal ofSaint-PierreMoissac, Francemarbleca. 1115-1135approximately 16 ft. 6 in. wide at base
GislebertusLast Judgment (plaster cast)West tympanum of Saint-LazareAutun, Franceca. 1120-1135marbleapproximately 21’ wide at base
Initial R with knight fighting dragonfrom the Moralia in Jobfrom Cîteaux, Franceca. 1115-1125ink and tempera on vellum13 3/4 x 9 1/4 in.
Virgin and Child ( Morgan Madonna)from Auvergne, Francesecond half of twelfth centurypainted wood2 ft. 7 in. high
1st Romanesque church in Germany• Stone roof• Typical arches and bays• 1st building constructed entirely of stone in Europe Groin vaultsInterior of Speyer CathedralSpeyer,Germanybegun 1030nave vaults ca.1082-1106
*Role of women inRomanesque EuropeThe Vision of Hildegard of BingenDetail of facsimile of a lost folioin the Scivias by Hildegard of Bingenfrom Trier or Bingen, Germanyca. 1050-1079
Baptistery of San GiovanniFlorence, ItalyCa. 1059
WiligelmoCreation of Adam and Eve, frieze on the west façade, Modena CathedralModena, Italyca. 1110marbleapproximately 3 ft. high
* William the Conqueror buried here in 1087West façade of Saint-EtienneCaen, Francebegun 1067, ca. 1115-1120
The THREE TIERS OF CHURCH BAYS Clerestory Gallery Nave/ArcadeInterior of Saint-Etienne (elevation)Caen, Franceca. 1115-1120
Legacy of William the Conqueror (Norman Conquest of England in 1066)Exterior of Durham CathedralDurham, Englandbegun ca. 1093
ENGLISH INNOVATION: Rib vaults• Long narrow nave• Huge composite piers alternate with carved columns• Stone ribs strengthened groin vaults carry more weight• Strong VERTICAL emphasis Gothic predecessorInterior of Durham CathedralDurham, Englandbegun ca. 1093
Funeral of Edward the Confessor Misnomer – actually an embroideryprocession to Westminster Abbeydetail of the Bayeux TapestryFrom Bayeux Cathedral, Bayeux, Franceca. 1070-1080embroidered wool on linen229 ft. 8 in. overall
Signing work vs. anonymity: The roleof the individual artistEadwine the Scribe(?)Eadwine the Scribe at workfolio 283 verso of the Eadwine Psalterca. 1160-1170ink and tempera on vellum