1st semester reivew part 3
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1st semester reivew part 3 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Late Antiquity
  • 2. Baptistery from ChristianCommunity HouseDura Europos, Syriaca. 240-256
  • 3. Good ShepherdCatacomb of Pietro and Marcellino, Rome,Italyearly 4th centuryfresco
  • 4. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassusfrom Rome, Italyca. 359marble3 ft. 10 1/2 in. x 8 ft.
  • 5. 1. Nave 2. Aisles 3. Apse 4. Transept 5. Narthex 6. AtriumOld Saint Peter’s Basilica (plan)Rome, Italyca. 320
  • 6. Santa SabinaRome, Italyca. 422-432
  • 7. Santa CostanzaRome, Italyca. 337-351
  • 8. Mausoleum of Galla PlacidiaRavenna, Italyca. 425
  • 9. Christ as the Good Shepherdfrom the entrance wall of the Mausoleum of Galla PlacidiaRavenna, Italyca. 425tessera mosaic
  • 10. Saint Apollinare NuovoRavenna, Italydedicated 504
  • 11. Rossano Gospelsearly 6th centurytempera on purple vellum11 x 10 1/4 in.
  • 12. Suicide of Judas and Crucifixionfrom a casketca. 420ivory3 x 3 7/8 in.
  • 13. BYZANTINE ART The four F’s • FLAT • FORMAL • FRONTAL • FLOATING
  • 14. Anthemius of Tralles & Isidorus of MiletusHagia SophiaConstantinpole, (Istanbul), Turkey532-537
  • 15. pendentiveAnthemius of Tralles &Isidorus of MiletusHagia SophiaConstantinpole, (Istanbul), Turkey532-537
  • 16. San VitaleRavenna, Italy526-547
  • 17. San VitaleRavenna, Italy526-547
  • 18. Justinian, Bishop Maximianus and attendantsnorth wall apse mosaic, San VitaleRavenna, Italyca. 547mosaic
  • 19. Theodora and attendantssouth wall apse mosaic, San VitaleRavenna, Italyca. 547mosaic
  • 20. Saint Apollinaris amid sheepSant’Apollinare in ClasseRavenna, Italy533-549mosaic
  • 21. Transfiguration of Jesusapse mosaic, Church of the VirginMonastery of Saint CatherineMount Sinai, Egyptca. 565 mandorlamosaic
  • 22. Virgin (Theotokos) and Childbetween Saints Theodore and George, iconFrom Monastery of Saint CatherineMount Sinai, Egypt6th or early 7th centuryencaustic on wood2 ft. 3 in. x 1 ft. 7 3/8 in.
  • 23. Justinian as world conqueror(Barberini Ivory)mid-6th centuryivory1 ft. 1 1/2 in. x 10 1/2 in.-narrative-classical influence
  • 24. Saint Michael the Archangelearly-6th centuryivory1 ft. 5 in. x 5 1/2 in.-space-classical influence-patron saint of Hagia Sophia
  • 25. Pantocratordome mosaicin the Church of the DormitionDaphni, Greececa. 1090-1100mosaic
  • 26. Crucifixionin the Church of the DormitionDaphni, Greececa. 1090-1100mosaic
  • 27. PantocratorCathedral at MonrealeMonreale, Sicily, Italyca. 1180-1190mosaic
  • 28. Anastasisapse fresco in parekklision of the Church of Christ in ChoraConstantinpole, (Istanbul), Turkeyca. 1310-1320fresco
  • 29. Virgin (Theotokos) and Child, iconLate 11th to early 12th centurytempera on wood2 ft. 6 1/2 in. x 1 ft. 9 in.
  • 30. Andrei RublyevThree Angels, iconca. 1410tempera on wood4 ft. 8 in. x 3 ft. 9 in.
  • 31. Early Medieval Art Tribes Vikings Hiberno-Saxons Carolingian Ottonian
  • 32. Purse coverfrom the Sutton Hoo ship burialSuffolk, Englandca. 625gold, glass and enamel cloisonné with garnets and emeralds7 1/2 in. long Compare to Islamic interlace patterns
  • 33. VIKINGAnimal-Head PostOseberg, Norwayca. 825woodapproximately 5 in. high
  • 34. Hiberno-Saxon (Celtic)Cross and Carpet pageLindisfarne GospelsNorthumbria, Englandca. 698 - 721tempera on vellum13 1/2 x 9 1/4 in.
  • 35. *Horror Vacui – latin for “fear of empty spaces”Chi-rho-iota pageBook of Kellsfrom Iona, Scotland8th - 9th centuriestempera on vellum13 x 9 1/2 in.
  • 36. CAROLINGIANEquestrian portrait of Charlemagne(?)from Metz, Franceearly 9th centurybronze, originally gilt9 1/2 in. high
  • 37. St. MatthewCoronation GospelsAachen, Germanyca. 800-810ink and tempera on vellum12 3/4 x 10 in.
  • 38. Saint MatthewEbbo GospelsHautvillers, Franceca. 816 - 835ink and tempera on vellum10 1/4 x 8 3/4 in.
  • 39. Odo of MetzInterior of the Palatine Chapelof CharlemagneAachen, Germanyca. 792-805
  • 40. Abbey Church of St. Michael’sHildesheim, Germany OTTONIANca. 1001-1031
  • 41. Doors with relief panelsGenesis, left door - Christ, right doorHildesheim, Germanyca. 1001-1031
  • 42. Crucifixcommissioned by Archbishop GeroCologne Cathedral, Germanyca. 970painted wood6 ft. 2 in. high
  • 43. Otto III enthronedGospel Book of Otto IIIfrom Trier, Germanyca. 997-1000tempera on vellum13 x 9 3/8 in.
  • 44. Romanesque Stone masonry, new vaultingChurch building techniques, “blocky” appearance • Build it (block by block) and they will come pilgrimages
  • 45. Radiating chapelsplan of Saint EtienneVignory, Franceca. 1050-1057
  • 46. Saint-SerninToulouse, Franceca. 1070-1120
  • 47. Interior of Santa Sabina, 422, Rome *compartments of space replaced long flat wallsInterior of Saint-SerninToulouse, Franceca. 1070-1120
  • 48. Historiated capitalsCloister of Saint-PierreMoissac, Franceca. 1100-1115marblepiers approximately 6 ft. high
  • 49. Christ in Majestywith angels and the Twenty-FourEldersTympanum of the south portal ofSaint-PierreMoissac, Francemarbleca. 1115-1135approximately 16 ft. 6 in. wide at base
  • 50. GislebertusLast Judgment (plaster cast)West tympanum of Saint-LazareAutun, Franceca. 1120-1135marbleapproximately 21’ wide at base
  • 51. Initial R with knight fighting dragonfrom the Moralia in Jobfrom Cîteaux, Franceca. 1115-1125ink and tempera on vellum13 3/4 x 9 1/4 in.
  • 52. Virgin and Child ( Morgan Madonna)from Auvergne, Francesecond half of twelfth centurypainted wood2 ft. 7 in. high
  • 53. 1st Romanesque church in Germany• Stone roof• Typical arches and bays• 1st building constructed entirely of stone in Europe Groin vaultsInterior of Speyer CathedralSpeyer,Germanybegun 1030nave vaults ca.1082-1106
  • 54. *Role of women inRomanesque EuropeThe Vision of Hildegard of BingenDetail of facsimile of a lost folioin the Scivias by Hildegard of Bingenfrom Trier or Bingen, Germanyca. 1050-1079
  • 55. baptistery cathedral campanilePisa Cathedral complexPisa, Italycathedral begun 1063baptistery begun 1153campanile begun 1174
  • 56. Baptistery of San GiovanniFlorence, ItalyCa. 1059
  • 57. WiligelmoCreation of Adam and Eve, frieze on the west façade, Modena CathedralModena, Italyca. 1110marbleapproximately 3 ft. high
  • 58. * William the Conqueror buried here in 1087West façade of Saint-EtienneCaen, Francebegun 1067, ca. 1115-1120
  • 59. The THREE TIERS OF CHURCH BAYS Clerestory Gallery Nave/ArcadeInterior of Saint-Etienne (elevation)Caen, Franceca. 1115-1120
  • 60. Legacy of William the Conqueror (Norman Conquest of England in 1066)Exterior of Durham CathedralDurham, Englandbegun ca. 1093
  • 61. ENGLISH INNOVATION: Rib vaults• Long narrow nave• Huge composite piers alternate with carved columns• Stone ribs strengthened groin vaults carry more weight• Strong VERTICAL emphasis  Gothic predecessorInterior of Durham CathedralDurham, Englandbegun ca. 1093
  • 62. Funeral of Edward the Confessor Misnomer – actually an embroideryprocession to Westminster Abbeydetail of the Bayeux TapestryFrom Bayeux Cathedral, Bayeux, Franceca. 1070-1080embroidered wool on linen229 ft. 8 in. overall
  • 63. Signing work vs. anonymity: The roleof the individual artistEadwine the Scribe(?)Eadwine the Scribe at workfolio 283 verso of the Eadwine Psalterca. 1160-1170ink and tempera on vellum