A Call for Help




       Apryl Castetter
a broad term that describes a number of
 disorders which affect an individual’s posture,
 balance and body movement

 no...
 Cerebral
        palsy is classified by the area of brain
 damage and challenge of body movement

 Cerebral   palsy is ...
   Most common form of
    cerebral palsy

   Damage occurs in the
    outer layer of the brain,
    cerebral cortex

 ...
   Brain damage occurs in
    the cerebellum or basal
    ganglia

   Characterized by:
    • involuntary movements
    ...
 Braindamage occurs to
 the cerebellum

 Characterized    by:
  • Low muscle tone
  • Poor coordination
     Balance
  ...
   Based on the information given we can assume that our
    student has Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

   A student with Athe...
 In the 1980’s and 90’s, the civil and education rights
  of individuals with disabilities became an important
  topic fo...
 Assistivetechnology legislation can be found
 in the following:
  • Technology Related Assistance for Individuals with
 ...
 The   Tech Act:
  • Provides federal funds to states to develop training for
   assistive technology devices and service...
 The   Assistive Technology Act of 1998:
  • Affirms that technology is a valuable tool that can be
   used to improve th...
   Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA):
    • Outlined school district’s responsibility to provide assisti...
   To date the following statements reflect assistive technology
    use by students with disabilities:

    • It is the ...
 Assistive technology devices are tools, equipment, or
  services that are designed to compensate for, or enhance
  the f...
• The best resource for our student is an Augmentative and Alternative
Communication (AAC) device

•AAC devices allow indi...
   TextSpeak text-to-speech
    keyboard converts text to
    voice while you type
I believe that this resource is
   the...
   The DynaVox V and VMax are for all age
    ranges, cognitive abilities, and skill levels
   V and VMax offer a comple...
   Medicare, state medical              Some grants available for
    assistance programs                   technology b...
 http://www.cerebralpalsy.org/




 http://www.dynavoxtech.com/default.aspx
Cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy
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Cerebral palsy

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Cerebral palsy

  1. 1. A Call for Help Apryl Castetter
  2. 2. a broad term that describes a number of disorders which affect an individual’s posture, balance and body movement  notcaused by problems with the muscles or nerves, but rather with the brain’s ability to adequately control the body
  3. 3.  Cerebral palsy is classified by the area of brain damage and challenge of body movement  Cerebral palsy is classified into four categories: Spastic Athetoid What to expect from our student Ataxic Mixed
  4. 4.  Most common form of cerebral palsy  Damage occurs in the outer layer of the brain, cerebral cortex  Characterized by: • difficult or stiff movements • stiffened muscles • decrease in joint range of movement
  5. 5.  Brain damage occurs in the cerebellum or basal ganglia  Characterized by: • involuntary movements  muscles rapidly change from floppy to tense in a way that cannot be controlled • Speech and communication difficulties  difficulty controlling tongue, breathing, and vocal cords
  6. 6.  Braindamage occurs to the cerebellum  Characterized by: • Low muscle tone • Poor coordination  Balance  Depth perception • tremors
  7. 7.  Based on the information given we can assume that our student has Athetoid Cerebral Palsy  A student with Athetoid Cerebral Palsy can exhibit: • involuntary movements • weak or tight muscle tone • trouble walking or sitting • speech and communication difficulties • normal intelligence  Our student’s has their biggest struggle with speech and communication difficulties
  8. 8.  In the 1980’s and 90’s, the civil and education rights of individuals with disabilities became an important topic for discussion  As it was found that assistive technology had the potential to provide opportunities for increased independence and participation in all of life's activities, the government recognized this and passed several laws in its favor
  9. 9.  Assistivetechnology legislation can be found in the following: • Technology Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988 (Tech Act) • Assistive Technology Act of 1998 • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
  10. 10.  The Tech Act: • Provides federal funds to states to develop training for assistive technology devices and services • First defined assistive technology devices and services • Promoted the availability and quality of assistive technology devices and services to all individuals including children
  11. 11.  The Assistive Technology Act of 1998: • Affirms that technology is a valuable tool that can be used to improve the lives of Americans with disabilities • Extends the funding of the fifty states and six territories to develop permanent, comprehensive, statewide programs of technology related assistance
  12. 12.  Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): • Outlined school district’s responsibility to provide assistive technology to students with disabilities • Each public agency shall ensure that assistive technology devices or services or both are made available to a child with a disability if required as part of the child‘s special education services • A school district, as a public agency, must ensure that both assistive technology devices and services are provided if "required" for the student to receive a free, appropriate public education (FAPE) • A school district is also required to ensure both assistive technology devices and services if it is cited as required or need in the student’s individualized education plan (IEP)
  13. 13.  To date the following statements reflect assistive technology use by students with disabilities: • It is the school district's responsibility (as a public agency) to evaluate, select, acquire and train students and significant personnel in the use of assistive technology devices • Assistive technology devices needed by a student in multiple environments in order to receive a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) must be provided • Assistive technology must be identified on a case-by-case basis • Assistive technology must be provided at no cost to student's parents
  14. 14.  Assistive technology devices are tools, equipment, or services that are designed to compensate for, or enhance the function of some physical or mental ability that is impaired.  For our student we need a resource that will compensate and enhance his or her communication skills  There are several resources available to those with a lack of communication skills due to cerebral palsy, such as:  Tango! Communication Device  BIGmack Switches  DynaWrite  V and VMax  MS Office Accessibility Features  Natural Reader Text to Speech  TextSpeak Speech Generator For more information on each resource feel free to visit the resource site, which has been included via interactive link
  15. 15. • The best resource for our student is an Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) device •AAC devices allow individuals with severe communication disabilities to participate more fully in interpersonal interaction, learning, education, community activities, employment, and so on •I believe that the use of an ACC device is the best for our setting because it not only allows the student to participate with more ease and new experiences but also gives the student a strong sense of independence If Funding is a Concern If Funding is not a Concern
  16. 16.  TextSpeak text-to-speech keyboard converts text to voice while you type I believe that this resource is the most beneficial if funding is a concern because it addresses the student’s needs adequately without cutting out needed The TextSpeak text-to-speech keyboard features to reduce the costs $529.00 before tax and shipping and price handling—this price is school-budget friendly. For more information about the TextSpeak click the picture above
  17. 17.  The DynaVox V and VMax are for all age ranges, cognitive abilities, and skill levels  V and VMax offer a complete communication and interaction system for individuals with communication difficulties I believe that the DynaVox V is the best option for our setting if funding is not a concern. The DynaVox V combines the power of a personal computer with the most advanced AAC technology. This For more information on the DynaVox V click on the picture above combination gives the student a customizable system that gives more flexibility and freedom than ever before. The DynaVox V costs $7,280.00 before tax and • Message composition and “Speak” shipping and handling. At first glance this function price is not school budget friendly, but that is • E-mail and text messaging not true. • Microsoft XP software • Wireless internet capability • Interactive textbook capability (eBook)
  18. 18.  Medicare, state medical  Some grants available for assistance programs technology based needs include: (Medicaid), private • SMART GRANTS insurance, and school  Adopt-A-Classroom Grant districts typically pay for the  National Education Association’s Foundation for majority of device costs the Improvement of Education Innovation Grants • Assistive Technology State  School districts can choose Grant Program to use funding directly from  With a combination of school funding both their budget or can request regular budgeting and grants—assistive assistance through grants technology should be easy to obtain
  19. 19.  http://www.cerebralpalsy.org/  http://www.dynavoxtech.com/default.aspx

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