Introduction The game of cricket has a known history spanning from the 16th century to the present day, with international matches played since 1844, although the official history of international Test Cricket began in 1877. During this time, the game developed from its origins in England into a game which is now played professionally in most of the Commonwealth Nations.
A cricket match at Darnall, Sheffield inthe 1820s.
Cricket’s Origin Actually no one knows where cricket came from, but there is piece of evidence that cricket came from the early children living in a place called Weald. Up to the 17th century the cricket was children’s game, then at the beginning of the century the game was taken over by the adults.
18th Century Cricket was introduced to North America via the English colonies in the 17th century. In the 18th century it arrived in other parts of the globe. It was introduced to West Indies by colonists and to India by British East India Company mariners in the first half of the century. It arrived in Australia almost as soon as colonization began in 1788. New Zealand and South Africa followed in the early years of the 19th century.
The first Australian touring team(1878),pictured at Niagara Falls.
Development of the Laws In 1744, the Laws of Cricket were codified for the first time and then amended in 1774, when innovations such as lbw, middle stump and maximum bat width were added. These laws stated that the principals shall choose from amongst the gentlemen present two umpires who shall absolutely decide all disputes. MCC who created these laws immediately became the custodian of the Laws and has made periodic revisions and recodifications subsequently.
View of Genevas Plaine de Plainpalaiswith cricketers, 1817.
19th Century At the 19th century many International crickets and National championships began to rise. The first ever International cricket game was between USA and Canada in 1844. The first National championship was at England. In 1889 the immemorial four ball over was replaced by a five ball over and then this was changed to the current six balls an over in 1900. Some countries also experimented with eight balls an over.
20th Century When the ICC (Imperial Cricket Conference) was founded in 1909 the Test Cricket was established, only England, Australia and South Africa were members. India, West Indies and New Zealand became Test nations before the Second World War and Pakistan soon afterwards.
LBW out in the first official Test cricketbetween Australia and India in 1948.
Increased Use of Technology The cricket can be seen in television by sitting at homes. Cameras are now placed on the stumps, high speed cameras and computer graphics for understanding the delivery and the umpires decision. There is also a virtual reality tracking system also known as Hawk eye for understanding LBW decisions. Then the modern cricket evolved in 21st century.