Top 10 Insights on the U.S. Army in Transition

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The United States Army is shifting from an Army of execution to an Army of preparation. We will draw down operations in Afghanistan while our Soldiers remain deployed in more than 100 countries …

The United States Army is shifting from an Army of execution to an Army of preparation. We will draw down operations in Afghanistan while our Soldiers remain deployed in more than 100 countries around the world to prevent conflict, deter aggression, and shape the operational environment. Army formations will continue to strengthen U.S. overseas partnerships and enhance regional security while remaining prepared at home to face the next natural disaster, and serve in whatever capacity our Nation requires. We will transition from adapting our capabilities with small off-the-shelf changes for the immediate conflict, and focus more on science and technology, to foster the innovations that will help the U.S. Army maintain its comparative advantage far into the future.

This infographic highlights insights and key data related to this transition, and reinforces the Army’s priorities for responding globally and engaging regionally with a scalable and ready modern Army.

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  • 1. TOP 10 INSIGHTS ON THE U.S. ARMY IN TRANSITION WE HAVE BEEN HERE BEFORE 1 History shows a natural cycle of the U.S. Army executing operations and adapting its concepts and capabilities in times of conflict, followed by a period of preparation and innovation targeted on future challenges. We are again transitioning from an Army at war to an Army preparing for the next battle. KOREAN WAR DESERT SHIELD DESERT STORM VIETNAM COLD WAR OPN IRAQI FREEDOM OPN ENDURING FREEDOM ADAPT EXECUTE AIR MOBILE OPERATIONS DEEP ATTACK OPERATIONS PEACE KEEPING OPERATIONS Active Reserves $229,908 $101,491 $180,520 $104,172 $155,733 $94,944 $256,109 1,596,419 $M* Budget 858,622 1,570,343 758,852 780,980 479,426 566,045 349,649 695,603 633,421 536,964 732,050 562,850 567,296 * Budget figures represented in constant dollars (inflation adjusted) 2 2013 INNOVATE PREPARE NOW IS THE TIME TO INNOVATE While adaptation can deliver just-in-time, “good enough” solutions – often in response to a specific threat – innovation comes from a more methodical examination of long term possibilities. Innovations are more durable, and will provide the Army with strategic advantage in future operations. 3 OPERATIONS WILL INCREASE - AND DIVERSIFY Since the end of the Cold War, our nation’s commitment of Army resources has increased by 76 percent and often extends far beyond the initial operation. Our Soldiers will respond to whatever our nation asks of them, from humanitarian aid and disaster relief to Joint combat operations. SINCE 1990... # of Operations 60 Balkans Haiti Noble Eagle Hurricane Mitch 51 48 46 43 36 20 29 Continuous Support to Civil Authorities Includes: Wild Fires - Hurricane, Flood, Tornado Relief, - Medical Research - Waterways & Civil Works - Chem Bio Response - Counter Drug - Homeland & Missile Defense
  • 2. OUR CHARTER REMAINS THE SAME 4 The Army’s charter remains to be the best-manned, best-equipped, best-trained and best-led land force in the world. We will be leaner, more agile, and continue to apply the lessons of more than a decade of continuous combat. Title 10 “[The Army] shall be organized, trained, and equipped primarily for prompt and sustained combat incident to operations on land.” -Title 10 United States Code. Soldiers Committed to Our Army Profession 5 THE TOTAL ARMY HAS A VITAL ROLE We must balance End-Strength, Readiness and Modernization The unique attributes of Active, Guard and Reserve forces will be vital to future readiness. As we transition to new end strength levels in the coming years, we must maintain balance with readiness and modernization to retain our flexibility to support national defense requirements. ACTIVE GUARD RESERVE 490,000 350,000 205,000 40% of the Army’s Combat Capability; Rapid response for States Capable of many missions, at many speeds and sizes, under any condition 35% of the Army’s Support Capability = 50,000 Three quarters of the Army stand trained, equipped and ready for deployment, while the remainder provide critical institutional support for these troops. USMC 16% USN 75% Institutional 6 The Army provides more than half of the nation’s special operations forces. Operational other USAF 54% Army Special Operations Forces The Premier All Volunteer Army SOLDIERS WILL LEAD THE WAY SLC S SCH OO CAPSTONE CONCEPT LH OU LEADER DEVELOPMENT INDIVIDUAL SSD IV ALC-CC, ALC DECISIVE ACTION TRAINING ENVIRONMENT SSD III WARRIORS LEADERS COURSE SSD I WLC replaces SSD II SE EXPERIENCE SERGEANTS MAJOR COURSE NIT TRAINING SSD - Structured Self Development SSD V C EDUCATION Training and leader development must enhance operational adaptability--the ability of Army leaders, Soldiers, and civilians to shape conditions and respond effectively to a broad range of missions and changing threats and situations with appropriate, flexible, and responsive capabilities. TI TAC U AL ALC - Advanced Leaders Course CC - Common Core SLC - Senior Leaders Course Adaptive Army Leaders for a Complex World DRIVEN BY REAL WORLD INTELLIGENCE
  • 3. 7 OUR MODULAR FORCE WILL MATCH ANY CHALLENGE The future complex operating environment is characterized by a chaotic mix of actors and a wide range of threats. The Army’s modular organization provides the ability to tailor the right mix of forces, scaled to the proper size, to meet the joint commander’s specific requirements. COMPLEX OPERATING ENVIRONMENT THREATS Near Peer Hybrids Militias Terrorist MALICIOUS ACTORS Criminals Competitors Opportunist NEUTRAL AND FRIENDLIER Partner NGOs Media Population 8 TAILORABLE AND SCALABLE FORCES AREA OF OPERATIONS A Scalable and Ready Modern Army WE WILL BE GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE, REGIONALLY ENGAGED The Army provides Regionally Aligned Forces to support Combatant Commanders’ shaping operations and build relationships that prevent strategic miscalculations. Supporting Joint Commanders across the range of military operations and around the globe, the Army provides strategic landpower to prevent conflict, shape the operational environment and win decisively. Building Defense Relationships Exercising Interoperability Developing Partner Capability Senior Leader Engagement A Globally Responsive and Regionally Engaged Army PREVENT SHAPE WIN CONFLICT THE OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT DECISIVELY ACROSS THE RANGE OF MILITARY OPERATIONS
  • 4. 9 THE ARMY CONTINUES TO FACE HARD CHOICES We will balance technology investments, acquisition strategies and mission requirements to ensure our Soldiers have what they need to adapt and win in the near term, and ensure true strategic success in the end. ADAPTATION NEAR 10 EV AL UA TE CAPABILITIES VE LO P DE Required by war or crisis right now as means to survive INNOVATION Required by the shifting strategic realities of the Future INTEGRATE FAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS ARE KEY TO THE FUTURE In the future, effective use of Strategic Landpower will require a commensurate investment in technology. Future breakthroughs in material science, nanotechnology and other untapped scientific fields may provide the key to future combat superiority. Virtual and Constructive Training Synthetic Biology Novel Engineered Materials Cyber Science and Technology Power and Energy Counter Weapons of Mass Destruction + _ Advanced Computing Cognitive Neuroscience Nanoscience VEHICLE ENHANCEMENTS SOLDIER ENHANCEMENTS Lighter Conventional Components Infrared Vision & Ultraviolet Communications Modular Protection Blast & Ballistic Protection Layered Survivability Health Monitoring & Treatment Reduced Under Armor Volume Enhanced Senses (light, heat, sound) FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT THE ARMY CAPABILITIES INTEGRATION CENTER HTTP://WWW.ARCIC.ARMY.MIL