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World Religions PowerPoint

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  • 1. The Migration of the World’s Religions Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Click here to take the quiz on world religions
  • 2. Islam • Origins in the teachings of Muhammad, born in 570 AD. – Muhammad spent most of his life in Mecca and Medina, in present day Saudi Arabia. • Initially spread through expansion diffusion during Muhammad’s life. – Expansion diffusion: the spread of ideas through contact between cultures • Islam spread through conquest over the next 700 years, engulfing most of Central Asia and North Africa. – This became the Ottoman Empire • Today, Islam is prominent in Central Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa. • It is still one of the 3 most prominent religions in the world.
  • 3. Christianity • Origins in the teachings of Jesus, born in Jerusalem around 0 A.D. • Christianity reached out to all people, not just a chosen race. – First spread through the underclasses – Spread quickly throughout the Roman Empire during the first two centuries A.D. thanks to the ease of travel. • Rome became the center of Christianity and became the official religion of the Empire in 313 A.D. under the Emperor Constantine – Hierarchical diffusion • After the fall of the Empire, Christianity split, but continued to spread through widespread missionaries. • Today, there are an estimated 2.1 billion Christians spread all throughout the world.
  • 4. Judaism • Beliefs of Judaism laid the foundation for Christianity and Islam. • Origins in the Near East, near present day Israel, however its exact origins are unclear. • An “ethnic” religion, believing they are part of a race “chosen” by God. • Early conquests in the Middle East helped the religion expand. • Jews were dispersed after being conquered by several different groups…a religion without a home. • During the 13th-16th centuries, developed strongholds in Poland, Lithuania and Russia. • During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a movement began to recreate a Jewish country. • Present day Israel founded in 1948.
  • 5. Hinduism • The world’s oldest major religion. • Traces back at least 4000 years. • Roots in the Indus River Valley, in present day Pakistan. • Spread south and southeast through contagious diffusion. – Overtook many local religions • Developed strongholds throughout Southeast Asia. • Has its strongest present day followings in India, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. • Pockets of the religion have recently spread to Western Europe and North America.
  • 6. Buddhism • Traces its roots to reformers revolting against Hinduism in the 6th century B.C. in India • Founded by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha (Enlightened One). • Focuses on an explanation for evil and human suffering, and the path to “enlightenment.” • Spread by “contagious diffusion” throughout India. Made the state religion in the 3rd century B.C. • Continued to expand abroad through Southeast Asia, but was reabsorbed by Hinduism in India. • Spread to China, but suffered with the spread of Communism. • Today, it is hard to know how many Buddhists remain. Anywhere from 225 million to 500 million worldwide.
  • 7. Taoism (East Asian Religions) • Reform movements and religious merging among Buddhists and Hindus led to a series of ethnic religions appearing in China. • Taoism is among the most prominent of these. • Initially popular among the higher classes in Chinese society, it lost power in 14th-17th centuries A.D. • Changed its doctrine to appeal to the lower classes, forming a much more simplified religion. • Today it remains widespread in China and East Asia, but has spread very little elsewhere.
  • 8. 3) Started in the Middle East and spread through the Roman Empire, eventually becoming it’s state religion. Today is spread throughout the world with 2.1 billion members: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism
  • 9. 4) Started in India and became it’s state religion for a time. Lost power there to another religion, but today is prominent throughout Southeast Asia: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism
  • 10. 5) Started in what is today known as Saudi Arabia. Expanded greatly through conquests and war. Today is prominent in Central Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism
  • 11. CORRECT!! Now, let’s take another look at how the religions spread:
  • 12. 6) Ethnic religion with its origins near present day Israel. Dispersed after losing its homeland to conquering foreigners, but today once again has a home state: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism
  • 13. Close, but not quite: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Try again…
  • 14. 1) The world’s oldest major religion, with its roots in present day Pakistan: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism
  • 15. Not exactly… Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Try again…
  • 16. CORRECT!! Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Go to Question #2
  • 17. 2) Started as a mix of Buddhism and Hinduism, and has not spread much outside of East Asia: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism
  • 18. Ooh, just missed it: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Try again…
  • 19. CORRECT!! Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Go to Question #3
  • 20. CORRECT!! Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Go to Question #4
  • 21. CORRECT!! Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Go to Question #5
  • 22. CORRECT!! Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Go to Question #6
  • 23. Are you sure? Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Try again…
  • 24. I think not: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Try again…
  • 25. For each question, click on the religion it describes: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Go to Question #1
  • 26. Take another shot at it: Islam Buddhism Christianity Taoism Judaism Hinduism Try again…

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