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# Basic Electricity 4th grade level

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This is the basics of electricity. It has an easy vocabulary so children understand easier.

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### Basic Electricity 4th grade level

1. 1. Basic 4Th grade level
2. 2. Electrical Circuits • Conductors are things that allow heat and electricity to easily pass through them. • Insulators are things that do not allow heat and electricity to easily pass through them.
3. 3. Electricity • Electricity is the presence or movement of electrons, which are tiny, negatively charged particles that orbit an atom’s nucleus. • Electricity is what we get when electrons move from one place to another.
4. 4. Where Is Electricity • Electricity is present in lightning and in power grids. • When you plug an appliance into the wall, electricity moves from a reserve in the wall to the appliance, which makes it run.
5. 5. Static Electricity • When you get an electric shock, that is static electricity. • During static electricity electrons are moving from you to, say, a metal doorknob when you touch it. It can also happen when you quickly take off a sweater.
6. 6. Electricity Cannot Flow Without 1. A power supply (like the mains or a battery) 2. A closed circuit to travel around Note: If you remove the battery from a circuit, there is no source of electricity and the circuit is broken. You MUST have these two thing for a circuit to work.
7. 7. Helping Bulbs • The bulb allows us to see whether the circuit is correctly connected. If it is not, the bulb goes off. Note: There must be a closed circuit so the electricity can flow.
8. 8. Switch • A switch allows us to turn the electricity in a circuit on or off, to save energy for example. Note: It does not matter where the switch is placed. • Circuits can contain other electrical devices. Ex. A fan needs a motor.
9. 9. Parallel Circuit • A parallel circuit is used to light more than one bulb at the same time. If one bulb burns out, the other bulbs will keep working.