On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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New Members: Academy of Natural Science (Philadelphia) California Academy of Sciences (San Francisco) BHL – Europe Discussions underway with China and Australia
Serve as the Secretariat
Host the BHL Program Director
Manage the funds
The Biodiversity Heritage Library -- the largest collaboration yet undertaken by Smithsonian Libraries.
What is Biodiversity?
Genetic variability within species
Diversity of species
Ecosystems and landscapes
‘ Gray’ literature
Taxonomic descriptions must be published for the name to be valid
Publications must be available to the public through trusted sources
Libraries have been the traditional place
BHL Focus: Literature
BHL Focus: Literature
How to make THIS into 0’s and 1’s
Selected special collections materials
Filling in behind other libraries
SIL – BHL Scanning
Scribe Machine Custom built by the Internet Archive Human-operated 3,500 pages per 8-hour shift per day
1 Scribe machine at Smithsonian Libraries
10 Scribe FedScan facility at Library of Congress
The BHL Portal!
BHL Blog http://biodiversitylibrary.blogspot.com
Encyclopedia of Life … imagine for a moment that all the diversity of the world were finally revealed and then described, say one page to a species. The description would contain the scientific name, a photograph or drawing, a brief diagnosis, and information of where the species if found. If published in conventional book form … this Great Encyclopedia of Life would occupy 60 meters of library shelf per million species … 100 million species of organisms … would extend through 6 kilometers of shelving … E.O. Wilson (1992)
OH O H 2 N OH H Informatics Marine Biological Laboratory Missouri Botanical Garden Species Pages & Secretariat Smithsonian Education and Outreach Smithsonian & Harvard Synthesis Center Field Museum
Grants of $6 million for BHL from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur and Alfred P. Sloan Foundations (as part of the Encyclopedia of Life grant) Additional support from parent institutions Supplemental grants in place for specific development (e.g. Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation) Additional grants being actively pursued by BHL and individual members
A Global Library for Life In any well-appointed Natural History Library there should be found every book and every edition of every book dealing in the remotest way with the subjects concerned. Charles Davies Sherborn, Epilogue to Index Animalium , March 1922